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It is difficult to call a territory where apricots are not grown a full-fledged summer house. Therefore, we urgently consider the best varieties of apricots and plant a classic fruit tree to complement the garden and juicy gifts for children and grandchildren.
The best varieties of apricots
It is difficult to judge these plants in this way, choosing which ones are better and which ones are worse, because each apricot has its own unique aroma and taste, fruit density and juiciness, sugar or acidity. But this is not all the characteristics, especially if you recall the early and late varieties, large fruits, and even the number of veins inside each ripe apricot. In general, it just won’t work out that way, so we suggest that you take the time to study the topic more deeply.
So, we make an easy review of the varieties so that, based on the results, you can choose varieties for the Moscow Region, Ukraine, the Middle Strip, as well as other climatic zones and regions.
Early Apricot Varieties
There are a lot of early varieties, and we will give the majority now, but be careful, because we will talk about some more thoroughly. It seems to us that they deserve the greatest attention.
By and large, the following early varieties can be grown in the country: Alyosha, June, Alliance, Leskore, early Melitopol, Sambursky early, Tsarsky, Iceberg and others.
An early variety that has become popular for a very long time. A tree of medium height, up to 4 m, the crown is sprawling and round. The average size of the fruit, 15-20 g each. Fruits are slightly flattened, bright yellow, pubescent, with a dotted pattern and a sparkle. The pulp is quite dense and with a good sweet and sour taste.
The variety is characterized by high productivity and good winter hardiness. In addition, high-quality fruits can be stored for a long time, and used raw and ready-made (stewed fruit, preserves, jams, etc.).
The cultivation of this variety does not differ from the agricultural technology of others, the only thing that is required from the owners of the dachas with these plantings is to collect the fruits on time so that they do not have time to fall.
This variety is perfect for almost any dacha, because it is resistant to many diseases, as well as high winter hardiness. A tree with a pyramidal crown, average productivity, serious fruits in size, sometimes up to 50-60 g each. Apricots are oval, slightly flattened, orange-yellow with a thin skin, under which there is a fragrant and dense pulp without fibers. The sweet taste and high quality of the fruit will not leave anyone indifferent, as long as there are ripe apricots on the tree.
Melitopol early does not require special care, the main thing is timely trimming to prevent thickening of the crown.
This variety is almost unknown, as it was not widely advertised by the breeder, whose name was also lost in the archives. Lescore came to us from the Czech Republic, where it has been grown for a long time, since the summer residents really like its precocity.
Lescore is distinguished by a strong, tall tree, whose crown is reverse pyramidal, which, by the way, is very interesting. The fruits of a medium-sized tree, and sometimes large, up to 45 g, have a pleasant taste and a strong, natural aroma. Summer residents consider the only minus the weakness before certain diseases, especially before moniliosis.
It is important to prevent tree diseases and treat it with special preparations on time. In the summer, it is mandatory to provide watering, about once or twice a month.
Mid-season apricot varieties
Most often apricots of medium ripening are grown in summer cottages, this is already some tradition. Among them are the following: Krasnoshchek, Zaporozhets, Goldrich, Altair, Aviator, Petrel, Olympus, Phelps, Polessky large-fruited, Aquarius, Yalta, Monastic, Amur, Youth, Shalamark and others.
An average tree and a branching crown can show excellent results - fruits up to 35 g in weight. Apricots are bright orange, with reddish sides, slightly flattened and similar to an oval. The taste is sweet with some acidity. Krasnoshchek is a self-fertile variety, and therefore is very popular among summer residents. In addition, the plant shows high productivity, unpretentiousness, medium neutrality to diseases, drought and frost.
An unpretentious tree can live in almost any conditions, but only if diseases are not allowed, for which prevention is necessary.
Trees of this variety are medium-sized, with a rounded crown and very dense greens. The fruits are sweet and sour, tender, very fragrant, weighing up to 55 g, which is considered an excellent result. Apricot oval or rounded, bright orange with red sides or interspersed, but most often, just ruddy.
Fruits are great for eating raw, but processing into billets is also possible. Especially tasty is the compote.
The variety is considered fruitful and early, which means it is perfect for a garden where the garden is updated or supplemented.
Large-fruited varieties require timely and accurate harvesting, and therefore be prepared to use a stepladder, tables and chairs. By and large, the tree will not require any serious maintenance, except for standard agricultural technology.
A unique tree with original fruits, strong growth and a sprawling crown. The fruits are really large, up to 60-65 g, ovate, flattened on the sides, most often orange, but there are also bright yellow with a specific shade. Speaking of taste, you can notice a serious difference from many varieties, because the taste is sweet and pronounced.
Apricots have excellent canning and dining qualities, and therefore can be safely used fresh or ready-made.
The plant is characterized by constantly high productivity, resistance to drought and frost, as well as good resistance to many diseases of the orchard.
A medium-sized tree with a rounded crown, which does not differ in abundant greenery. The variety is considered quite productive, sometimes up to 150 kg of fruit from one tree. Fruits are large or medium, weighing about 40-50 g, orange in color and squeezed on both sides. Pulp of medium density, excellent taste and aroma.
Pineapple apricot is self-fertile, highly frost-resistant, but susceptible to some garden diseases.
This variety is considered unpretentious, but requires special attention in mass plantings. It is undesirable to shade it with larger trees, it is necessary to carry out timely pruning.
Late Apricot Varieties
The late varieties that ripen closer to the last warm days of summer include: Kiev red, Spark, Favorite, Siren, Kostyuzhensky, Especially Denisyuk and others.
The tree is medium-sized, the crown is medium-spread. Fruits are medium-sized, weighing about 30 g, beautiful and shiny, orange and slightly pubescent, rounded in shape. The pulp is dense, orange in color, very tasty and juicy, reaches the highest points at tasting competitions.
Apricots of this variety, as, in principle, of any other, are excellent for fresh consumption, but also suitable for conservation. The variety shows high winter hardiness, although it also has a serious drawback - in some regions the crop does not have time to ripen before the end of the warm season.
Be sure to prevent diseases and pests that can spoil the tree and rob you of aromatic and tasty fruits.
A medium-sized tree with a rounded crown, which early enough begins to bear fruit. Fruits reach a weight of 45 g, round, sometimes asymmetric, orange with red spots or a characteristic pink blush. The flesh is with a sweet and sour taste, medium density, quite juicy.
Speaking about the advantages of the variety, it can be stated that Spark has constant productivity, increased winter hardiness and resistance to some diseases of the orchard.
Do not forget about pruning and timely spraying of trees, especially when conducting preventive maintenance of the entire orchard.
From the above list you can easily choose winter-hardy apricot varieties, sweet or sour-sweet, as well as large-fruited.
In addition to the varieties that we have already indicated in our material, the varieties Lel, Rapture, Triumph North, Black and Honey Apricot, as well as the Kichiginsky variety are popular with summer residents.
How to choose the best apricot for a summer residence (video)
Choose the best apricot varietiesit’s much simpler not only when you read some characteristics, but also when you thoroughly understand the agricultural technique of growing, because you need to choose a plant according to your own requirements, but do not forget about the needs of the tree itself.