Spinach cultivation has become popular in our country not so long ago, but, for a very even small period, it was planted in every second greenhouse. The demand for this culture is growing every day, which means that it will not hurt us to learn how to grow it in the country.
Along with other herbs - parsley, dill and salad, spinach can be grown in a greenhouse or open ground, it all depends on your own desire and the amount of greens that are needed. Unusual green vegetable culture can be used for business or just for your own use - in salads, toasts, sauces, in canned form.
How useful is the plant
Many of us have repeatedly heard about the beneficial properties of the culture and that the plant is overloaded with biologically active substances. It turns out that eating spinach, even in small portions, we get many useful elements for the body. This is what can be considered another reason to grow it in the country.
Culture retains useful properties in any form, although their concentration varies slightly. Thus, all vitamins and other substances are found in raw, boiled, canned and even frozen spinach. In addition to the high content of carotene and ascorbic acid, the plant has oxalic acid, oleic acid, linolenic acid, manganese, phosphorus, calcium, iodine, copper, iron, sodium, a lot of potassium and vitamins of groups B, P, PP, E, K.
Specialists working on the properties of spinach noted that its juice is useful for anemia, to enhance appetite, normalize the processes of the digestive tract, and can also restore and strengthen the nervous system.
But, there are warnings - the product should not be abused in adulthood, in baby food, with kidney and liver diseases.
If, after reading the previous paragraph, you understand how important this plant product can be in nutrition, you will be interested to learn how to grow this crop in your own garden or in a small greenhouse in the country.
Choose the soil
Fertile and organically rich, well-drained soil is best suited for growing spinach. It is preferable to grow the culture on sandy loam or loam. An important point for the quality of the plant is acidity, where the optimal indicator in the region of pH is 6.7-7.0. If you plant it in strongly acidic soil, you run the risk of losing plants. Heavy soils under spinach require the introduction of organics, calcareous or carbonate are not good enough, because they do not have the required level of iron content.
Fertilizer for culture
Since autumn, potassium and phosphorus fertilizers, as well as 6-7 kg of humus or well-rotted manure for every square meter of future planting have been introduced into high-quality, fertile soil since the fall. It is recommended to apply fertilizer when digging the soil.
In areas without chernozem, mineral fertilizers are applied immediately before sowing the crop: 10-13 g of potassium, 5-6 g of phosphorus and about 10 g of nitrogen. This dosage of additives is designed for 1 m2.
It is worth noting that with the application of fertilizers it is worth being extremely careful, since spinach leaves accumulate nitrates very well. Thus, nitrogen is introduced into the soil only in case of emergency.
Most often, it is the cultivation of spinach from seeds that is happening, and therefore, now we will talk about this method in more detail.
Under the garden spinach, the soil is prepared in advance, in the autumn period. During the excavation of the soil, certain fertilizers are introduced into it - potash, phosphorus, compost. Also, one third of the standard dose of nitrogen can be added to the soil. In the spring, before planting, there is a cultivation of the plot for sowing and the introduction of the remaining dose of nitrogen.
Sowing takes place in several stages, so you can get fresh greens in season longer and without interruption. Closer to fall, in late August or even in the first half of September, the crop is sown in the ground. This is done in order to get greenery in early spring.
The spinach planted in early autumn, even before the onset of frost, will show the first rosette of leaves, then it will winter, and already 12-15 days after the spring snow has melted, you can enjoy the first fruits of your work.
Before planting the seeds must be properly prepared so that they give good seedlings. Soaking for several hours will be small, since the seeds do not absorb moisture very well. For preparation, warm water is used, about + 25 ° C, and also, bubbling is practiced. After two days in water, the seeds are dried so that they regain their original flowability, and sown in the ground.
There are several ways of sowing - in ridges and rows. The first is used if the soil on the site is heavy, the second - for any other soil. Seeds are planted to a shallow depth of about 2-3 cm, and a distance of 25-30 cm is maintained between rows of future greens.
First of all, it is necessary to monitor the seedlings and take care of them. They must be clean; weeds or excessive thickening should not interfere with growth. Perform timely watering of plants, this will help to avoid stalking. Basically, try to prevent the soil from drying out in hot weather.
During the growing season, you can make and feeding, immediately after rain or just during watering. After that, it will be necessary to loosen the soil. For the entire time of spinach growth, you need to make at least 2-3 weeding and light loosening of row-spacings, also, do not forget to remove new shoots that make planting dense and unproductive, as well as weak male plants.
Grown spinach can be removed from the garden or beds in the phase of 6-8 leaves. The maximum harvesting period is the growth of peduncles. Greens can be cut or cut, but many rip out a plant with a root ... here is at your personal discretion.
Leaves can be stored for almost a week, during this period they need to be prepared or immediately eaten. If longer storage is required, freezing can be used.
What varieties to choose for a summer residence
We know several really good varieties that summer residents most often choose for growing in their own plots:
- Greasy leaf
You can choose any of them for cultivation in the country or at home. We recommend that you read the material about anise.
Spinach Growing Video
In this section, we will answer several questions that interest our readers:
- How different is the cultivation of spinach Strawberry or Matador from standard spinach. There are practically no differences, especially when it comes to the technology of growing greens and caring for it. These varieties differ by the growing season, the shape and size of the leaves, and taste;
- Is it possible to grow spinach on the windowsill? If you are interested in growing a crop at home, you can follow the advice given in our article, install several boxes or other containers with fertile soil on the balcony or windowsill, prepare and sow the seeds. The result will not be long in coming, of course, with appropriate care;
- What is the difference between growing spinach in a greenhouse and growing a house? Everything is simple here - speed and quantity. In a greenhouse, under certain conditions, spinach will grow faster and better, and in a greenhouse you don’t have to limit yourself to the amount of greens you need to grow.