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When choosing roses for planting in the country, pay attention to climbing roses. They are one of the most popular for vertical gardening, indispensable for landscape design, perfectly combined with a variety of architectural forms.
For the most part, climbing roses are grown in regions with a warm and mild climate, in other cases, special warming for the winter period will be required. All climbing roses are divided into several types, as well as many varieties. It is about them, as well as about planting, care, growing, pruning and propagation of roses that we will talk about today.
Varieties of climbing roses
A huge variety of beautiful flowers is represented in our country in the following varieties:
- climbing rose Pierre de Ronsard, climbing rose Flementants;
- climbing rose Santana, climbing rose Handel;
- climbing rose Lagoon; climbing rose Cordes;
- climbing rose Polka and climbing rose Sympathy;
- climbing rose Rosary Utersen, as well as varieties Kliming Peace, Aloha, Golden perfume and Elf.
Groups of climbing roses
This section of our article will tell you about classification of climbing roses, which is used internationally:
- First group. These are real, or curly roses with quite flexible and arched shoots. Their length, depending on the variety, can reach from 1.5 to 5 m. The shoots are green, very bright, the thorns are curved and thin, flowers of various colors, terry and semi-double, quite small. Plants of the first group bloom profusely, their flowers are collected in inflorescences. Flowering lasts about 30 days and occurs in the first half of summer. The leaves are leathery and shiny, very small. Varieties of this group are winter-hardy or can overwinter under light shelter.
- Second group. It was formed after a series of crosses with repair roses, tea and hybrid tea roses. As a result, we obtained extremely interesting and popular varieties with long shoots up to 4 m and their strong growth. These are large-flowered climbing roses, which are also called climbing roses. Their flowers are collected in small size loose inflorescences, in appearance they resemble tea-hybrid varieties. They are distinguished by repeated flowering (many varieties), high winter hardiness and resistance to certain plant diseases.
- Third group. It arose as a result of mutations of bush roses with large flowering. Varieties of this group are characterized by strong growth and come to a fruiting period a little later. Also, these plants stand out in large flowers and bright colors. Varieties of the third group are called climbings.
Growing climbing roses
Now, we would like to talk a little about growing wicker roses in our own areas, so that each of our readers can get all the necessary information before buying wicker roses and starting their cultivation.
The location of climbing roses
Climbing roses are recommended to be planted in well-ventilated and sunny places. These plants are very fond of light, so it is better to place them on high sites of southern exposure. Constant good lighting will provide an opportunity to quickly develop growth, which will bloom next year.
Planting climbing roses
For climbing roses, it is not at all necessary to choose large areas, just a strip of land of 50 cm is enough. Planting pattern is also 50 x 50 cm. Before planting the holes, you need to prepare, add half a bucket of manure to them and water well. After planting, the aerial part is cut to a level of 15-20 cm, this is necessary for strong growth and good flowering in the future. If climbing roses are a decorative decoration of any object, then they should be planted at a distance of not less than half a meter from it. Read more about transplanted climbing roses on our portal.
Care for climbing roses
Already in the second year after planting climbing roses, plants no longer need constant and time-consuming care. Enough timely pruning of bushes, watering and top dressing. The bushes are cut to form and thin out the inside, water the roses once every 7-10 days, but it is a little more difficult to feed. The manure that was brought into the soil during planting is enough for the first 2 years of growth, but then the roses also need to be fed with organic and mineral fertilizers. Choose a flower mixture and complex fertilizers - peat-nitrogen. Remember the fact that during the growing season, climbing roses need 4-5 fertilizing.
Pruning this plant is necessary in order to form a crown, enhance flowering and let it flow throughout the bush, as well as to maximize the decorativeness of the plant that adorns one or another object. When pruning, special attention is paid to vegetative shoots, since the main flowering of the bush occurs on last year's stems.
Proper care provides an increase in young shoots up to 3.5 m per season. For the winter, it is advisable to shelter them so as not to lose the bush due to frost. In spring, only dead, frozen parts should be cut.
Strong shoots spread out on the ground so that you can correctly evaluate substitution shoots. After they grow to 70 cm in length, substitution shoots should be tied to supports.
Further pruning occurs depending on which group the plant belongs to - that which blooms once or twice. These groups are different, and therefore pruning roses will be of a different nature.
In the first group, roses bloom once, and on the shoots of last year. Each old shoot is replaced by a whole set of new ones - substitution shoots that take on the “burden” of flowering for next year. For this reason, pruning should occur so that after the formation of the bush there are only 3-5 annual shoots left in it, and the same number of two-year-old shoots.
If the variety of your roses belongs to the group of plants blooming twice a season, then flowering shoots can form on the branches of the bush for three years, and it will begin to weaken only in the fifth year. Therefore, there are differences in pruning.
The main shoots are removed in the fourth year. If at the base of the bush there is a large offspring of new shoots, then pruning can be carried out in the same way as in roses of the first group. It is quite enough to leave 2-3 annual shoots and 5-7 main flowering in the bush.
Important: pruning is necessary for the formation of the bush. Not only unsympathetic stems and branches should be removed, but also young shoots that thicken the bush and interfere with its normal development. At the same time, many new shoots can be completely removed, last year's shoots, which should give flowering in the current season, are cut very carefully, only the edges with underdeveloped buds are removed.
You should also pay attention (especially to beginners), to the fact that in climbing roses of different groups flower buds can be formed at different heights of the axial shoot.
This feature gives us the opportunity to once again divide the plants into the following three groups:
- Each overwintered bud of last year's shoot of the first group of plants becomes flower (except for 5-10 lower buds). Therefore, these varieties can be cut in a way that is convenient for you to form a flowering plant around a greened object .;
- For the second group, high or medium pruning is used, since flower buds are formed only in these parts of the stem. The buds that are lower are almost always completely vegetative.
- The third group of plants needs high pruning, since its flowering buds are located only in the upper part of the shoots, while the rest are vegetative.
Adult bushes are trimmed a little differently: they have removed as many lashes as they wintered new ones from the very base of the bush.
Large-flowered climbing roses are pruned depending on the proportions of the bush. In tall varieties, longer lashes remain, in undersized ones - shorter ones. This is necessary in order for the bush to bloom, and not turn into a plant in which many flower-bearing shoots have become vegetative. Sometimes these varieties must be forced to bloom. For this, supports for climbing roses and the correct garter - obliquely or horizontally.
If you trim the rose bushes correctly, then you can ensure almost continuous flowering of roses on the territory of your site. Do not forget about the garter, on which the formation of flower-bearing shoots depends.
Preparing climbing roses for winter
Climbing roses are winter-hardy plants, but many varieties require shelter. And therefore, it is important to know how to arrange it correctly in order to get beautiful climbing roses in spring, and not dead plants. One of the main ones is the fact that the air gap is preserved under cover, otherwise closer to spring the roses will die not from frost, but from getting wet or soaking.
Toward the end of August, bushes begin to prepare for winter. In this period, loosening of the soil, watering and the application of nitrogen, which is replaced by potash top dressing, cease. Shelter of climbing roses for the winter occurs only at the moment when steady frosts are observed, about -5 ° C. This should not be done earlier, since the plant can germinate and vypryat. A slight frost, on the contrary, will strengthen and harden the bush before winter.
It is necessary to prepare roses for winter in dry weather. Plants are removed from the supports, clean the shoots from the leaves and cut off those that have been damaged. Then the lashes are tied with a rope and pressed to the ground with hooks made of wood or metal. Under them, you need to put a little dry leaves or spruce branches, with which climbing roses will also hide from above.
Climbing Roses Video
Reproduction of climbing roses
Plants reproduce well with green cuttings, in which almost 100 percent rooting occurs. You can choose for this both winter and summer cuttings, and start reproduction from the second half of June.
Cuttings should be cut from healthy shoots, contain several internodes, have an oblique cut below. Leaves should be removed from the bottom, the rest should be cut, placed in a special substrate (sand and earth) to a depth of 1 cm. The reservoir for growing can be a box or a pot in which the handle is covered with a jar and slightly shaded.
Watering should be moderate, adding special growth preparations is optional. Before placing the cuttings under cover, it can be treated with a solution of alcohol or heteroauxin.
Use on the site
Now that we know how to care for climbing roses, pruning and propagating them in order to grow the most beautiful plants on our site, we need to consider their use in the country.
In fact, it is quite wide, because these plants can be used to create magnificent garlands and pyramids, decorate the arches and arbors of your site with climbing roses, fabulously green altankans, fences, pergolas and columns, as well as diversify the walls of residential buildings and other buildings. But there are more original ways to use climbing roses in the garden.
It is possible to plant rose bushes near trees or mature bushes. After some time, nature will take its toll, and climbing roses will begin to use them as supports. But in this case, be careful and extremely careful in the care and pruning, as an adult tree can easily withstand a rose and even transform in its presence, but the bush may die. In view of this, the use of other plants as a support for our roses should be extremely deliberate.
Climbing roses: a real decoration of a summer cottage (20 photos)