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Weigela (Weigela) - a shrub plant belonging to the family Honeysuckle (Sarrifoliaseae). The name of the genus is given in honor of the German professor in the field of chemistry, pharmacy and botany Weigel.
Description of types and varieties of Weigela
All varieties are represented by deciduous upright shrubs that do not form stolons. It is not difficult to propagate and grow a correctly selected species and variety, and a flowering culture can become a spectacular decoration of flower beds. Very popular bright and effective variety of American selection Red Prince compact and slow growing variety "Victoria", and "Florida" with bright pink flowers.
Low-growing shrub with oval foliage. Leaflets are pointed at the top. The flowers are bell-shaped, with sizes within 30mm. It’s hard to tolerate winter frosts, therefore, it is most often grown in regions with favorable soil and climatic conditions; de winterization is not required.
The culture belongs to the category of unpretentious plants, so look after the species is easy enough, but the planting should be carried out in sunny places. In preparation for winter, the bushes must be insulated without fail. The aboveground part is not higher than one meter, which allows you to plant bushes singly or to create a hedge. The plant acquires special decorative appeal only at the stage of mass flowering.
The bushes reach a height of two meters and are characterized by a fairly dense and attractive crown. The branches are covered with dense numerous foliage and flowers of a very delicate light violet color, which are collected in 2-3 pieces on the side branches. This is one of the most popular species among domestic gardeners., which is due to early and fairly long flowering.
In the conditions of modern landscape design, the planting of hybrid forms is actively practiced. Breeders from different countries received dozens of hybrids of ornamental shrubs. The most popular forms include:
- pink or roseaobtained by crossing the species Korean and blooming. The bushes form large and very beautiful flowers of delicate pink color, perfectly withstand winter cold and frost;
- "Gustav Malle" forms a fairly tall shrub, with an aerial part two or more meters high. The hybrid form is characterized by very large flowers of pink-carmine staining, with white bordering;
- Polish hybrid "Eva Ratke" forms rather undersized bushes, favorably distinguished by the formation of tubular brilliant flowers. When preparing plants for winter, it is required to provide high-quality shelter;
- medium-sized form "Rumba" It is represented by a spreading deciduous shrub with dark green foliage having a reddish-brown hue.
Hybrid "Carnival" characterized by the formation on one bush of flowers with different colors. Flowers - light white or saturated purple scattering among green foliage. A red shape "All Sammé Red" highly regarded for compact bushes and continuous abundant flowering.
Varieties of Weigels
Weigela abundantly flowering
The variety is characterized by increased frost resistancesufficiently high photophilicity and fast growth rate. The culture quickly fades, but at the very beginning of flowering, the buds have a rich red hue, after which the color changes slightly and takes on a pale pink hue.
Wild speciesgrowing in natural conditions mainly in the Primorsky Territory, Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands. The relatively undersized shrub plant has medium-sized funnel-shaped flowers of pinkish-purple color, which bloom in spring and autumn.
Weigela Nana Purpurea
A compact, rounded shrub plant that forms vertical shoots, with a height of the aerial part of not more than a meter. The foliage is oval, pointed, dark red-brown or greenish. The flowering is plentiful, in the middle of summer. Flower of pink coloring, bell-shaped type. Flowers are collected in inflorescences of three or four pieces.
Weigela Nana Variegata
One of the most elegant and frost-resistant forms, with relatively small leaves. This is a very popular and popular dwarf variety, forming whitish-motley leaves. The flowers have a whitish pink or raspberry color, collected in inflorescences of three or four pieces. The plant is slowly gaining growth and are great for decorating rocky gardens.
Shrub highly decorative plant with an aerial part, which can reach a height of one and a half meters. Flowering a couple of times a year, with the formation of buds of a very delicate, creamy color and a pleasant and sweet floral aroma.
The bushes have an impressive size. Has very large and bare shoots with pointed wide elliptic leaves with a wedge-shaped base. The upper part of the foliage is shiny and bare, and the lower side with sparse hairs. The flowers change color from a pale pink tone to a bright carmine shade. For the winter period it is necessary to provide good shelter.
It is characterized from other hybrid forms and varieties by the formation of very original and highly decorative foliage with very attractive variegated staining. Along with dwarf varieties and forms, such a variety it is very successfully applied for registration of stony gardens.
Ornamental shrub with buds of saturated reddish-pink staining. The sprawling weigel consists of straight and slightly bent shoots. The annual average growth reaches eight centimeters. The total average height of the aerial parts can be a couple of meters. The foliage is green, with a yellow edging, elliptical in shape. The flowering is plentiful, with bright ruby bell-shaped flowers. Repeated flowering is characteristic.
Other species and varieties of shrubs
Varieties and hybrid forms have become very popular among foreign amateur gardeners and domestic flower growers:
- variety Candida (Candida) - a tall shrub with abundant flowering white flowers;
- variety "Styriac" (Styriasa) - characterized by pinkish flowers with a length of not more than 25 mm;
- variety Newport Red (Nevrrt Red) - a tall shrub plant with bright green foliage and the formation of large carmine-red flowers;
- variety "Mark Tellier" (Mars Tellier) is a shrub plant with an aerial part height of not more than 3 m and very large carmine-pink staining with flowers.
Very original is a popular foreign variety. "Pierre Duchartre" (Ріерре Duсхартре) with dark brownish flowers. The bush is lush, and there are a large number of bright green leaves on it.
Dates and features of planting weigela in open ground
In addition to the very popular Bristol Ruby variety, almost any species are very often used in modern landscape design, but standard plants are especially in demand. Dwarf and variegated species look best in rocky gardens.
A decorative culture is best established during spring planting, but it is also allowed to plant plants with a closed root system in the autumn. The soil should be rich in humus and fairly loose. The best option is areas represented by sandy loam or loamy slightly alkaline or neutral soils.
The planting pit should have a depth of 30-40 cm. If there is no need to create a hedge, then seedlings need to be planted with a distance of one and a half to two meters. In the process of planting, the root neck of the seedling is deepened by about a couple of centimeters. After planting, watering and mulching of trunks with organic matter is mandatory.
How to prune a weigel
The annual care of the shrub includes a number of activities, among which the most significant are irrigation and top dressing, as well as timely pruning and preparation for the winter period.
Watering and feeding
At the stage of activation of growth processes, in the spring-summer period, watering should be regular, but moderate enough. The soil substrate must be kept constantly wet, but water stagnation at the root system of the plant cannot be allowed. In the autumn period, when preparing a plant for wintering, irrigation measures must be significantly reduced.
In areas represented by nutrient soils, top dressing can be omitted. In case of insufficient nutrition, in the early spring, it is advisable to produce humus fertilizer. In this case, there is a great opportunity to stimulate the growth and development of young leaves and shoots. For a lush and prolonged flowering in the first decade of summer, it is recommended to apply potash and phosphorus fertilizers.
Spring pruning technology
Decorative shrub culture has a very lush and sprawling crown, therefore pruning aerial parts is very relevant. Young specimens need a spring sanitary procedure, during which old, dry and incorrectly growing branches are removed from the bushes.
For adult plants, shaping pruning is best suited in the first ten days of July. Every three and four years, it is desirable to perform rejuvenation with the removal of shoots older than three years. Pruning is done with a clean and sharpened garden pruner.
Shrub preparation for winter
Starting from the last days of October, immediately after leaf fall, decorative shrub the plant must be properly prepared for wintering. A mound of peat soil is poured around the bush. The height of such a warming layer can vary between 15-20 cm.
The shoots of a decorative plant are bent to the surface of the earth, after which they are fixed with metal or wooden studs. At the final stage of autumn preparation, the above-ground part is wrapped in any breathable non-woven material. To prevent adult trees from bending to the ground, it is necessary to use a plastic mesh and backfill with dry foliage, after which the structure is covered with agrofiber.
Features of growing weigels in the suburbs
Deciduous tree perfectly survives in the Moscow regionbut the bush will need to provide good lighting. Only the most unpretentious species are able to grow well and develop in partial shade.
In order to grow a flowering plant in the suburbs, it is necessary to highlight areas protected from winds and drafts, with a slight elevation and very good lighting. The rest is standard care, and consists of watering, fertilizing, pruning and preparing for winter.
Bush propagation methods
Green cuttings are carried out in late May or in the middle of summer. Propagating the culture with cuttings is very easy and convenient. To this end, shoots of 10 cm long are cut with a sharp knife, and then heteroauxin is treated. The lower foliage is removed completely, after which the shoots are kept in a dark and warm room for twelve hours. Planting is required to cover with polyethylene, and the whole rooting process takes a month and a half. Plants need replanting at the age of one and a half years.
Less popular is seed reproduction. The seed material is sown on the surface, after which it is lightly sprinkled with sand and covered with glass. The first shoots appear after about three weeks.
Rules for plant transplantation to a new place
The bush should be replanted exclusively in the spring, because it is this time that is most favorable for full development and active growth. Among other things, the adaptation of a shrub plant during spring transplantation takes place as quickly as possible, before the onset of a noticeable autumn cooling.
Diseases and pests of the bush
Along with other flowering garden crops, Weigela can be affected by diseases and pests:
- aphids and caterpillars;
- thrips and spider mites;
- root rot;
- fungal and infectious diseases, including rust, spotting and gray rot.
For their destruction of plant pests are used Nitrafen, Keltan or "Rogor"as well as treatment with a solution based on kalbofos or "Actars". To prevent the spread of pathogenic microflora, spraying with Bordeaux liquid and 3% Topsin solution is carried out.
How to plant a Weigela
Why weigel does not bloom
There are a number of reasons that negatively affect the formation of flowers. The main reason is the improper planting of seedlings, as well as a violation of the rules for choosing a site for planting. It is the absence of a sufficient amount of light that causes numbness of the shoots and a delay in the formation of flowers. The same result can cause an insufficient number of irrigation measures and soil depletion.
Upright bushes with ascending or drooping shoots densely strewn with delicate and beautiful flowers have long been popular with domestic flower growers. However, in order to get a magnificent and plentiful flowering, it is necessary to follow the rules of growing and caring for the decorative culture.