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The material for making a greenhouse in your country house can be quite diverse, and its choice depends only on the personal preferences of the summer resident and the budget for the construction. Today we want to offer you to pay attention to the tree, namely to the wooden beam, from which you can build quickly, and without extra costs.
A wooden beam is a reliable and practical material, which you can buy at any major hardware store or carpentry workshop. Undoubtedly, the durability of a tree is different from metal, but using special processing, you can significantly extend its service life. A wooden greenhouse will easily serve you for 5-7 years, and maybe much longer if it is built in a temperate zone.
Do not buy a tree of expensive species. It will not last much longer, but it will hit your pocket significantly. Choose industrial types of wood, just pay attention to the quality of the material, its technical data, and the number of defects. A smooth knot-free timber that is well-dried is perfect.
Foundation for a greenhouse made of wood
We have repeatedly paid attention to different types of foundations when we talked about building a polycarbonate greenhouse, pipes, wooden frames. There are few differences, the main thing is that the foundation is reliable and stable.
We recommend that you choose a strip foundation or brick. These species have all the properties necessary for a greenhouse, and do not differ in very high cost, so to speak, the most practical option. But, if you choose from them, then, of course, a strip foundation will be more suitable for any greenhouse. We will stop on it.
Fill the foundation with a depth of 40-60 cm and a height above the ground level of 20-30 cm. Be sure to reinforce the foundation if you want to make it more durable and protect against subsidence. Such a foundation can be used not only for a wooden greenhouse, but also for any other, if over time you decide to change the frame. It can also be used to build a small utility room, if at some point you want to move the greenhouse structure or completely get rid of it. The strip foundation must be waterproofed, which will provide it with protection against moisture for a long time, which means it will extend the service life. Its width and overall shape will depend only on the size of the greenhouse and the load of the frame, so we do not undertake to give exact calculations here.
It is much easier to work with wood than with other materials, so there should be no problems installing a wooden frame of a greenhouse on a foundation. We recommend fixing a beam on the foundation, which will be slightly wider than the beam used for the production of the frame, since it will be load-bearing. To fix the frame base, you can use a metal corner, previously placed in the foundation, fittings, bolts or anchor bolts. Before installing the load-bearing beam, be sure to treat it with protective equipment - antiseptics, drying oil, paint. The main thing is to ensure a long service life precisely to the base of the greenhouse.
When the load bar is ready for installation, take final measurements and get to work. Using a drill, fasteners, hammer, grinder, as well as other tools and consumables, secure the base of the building along the perimeter of the foundation. Check that the base is solid, its sides are interconnected, the sides and ratios are perfectly even. The simplicity of the installation process of the frame of the greenhouse and its stability depends on these indicators.
Next, you will need to install the frame itself. It is quite simple, because the base of the frame is already installed on the foundation and firmly fixed. It remains only to carry out accurate measurements and, following the project, carry out installation.
Further fastening of the frame parts to each other, fastening of frames and windows, lags of the ceiling of the greenhouse and trusses for automatic systems, can be fixed with screws, clamps, metal profiles or angle.
Video - do-it-yourself wooden greenhouse in a summer cottage
Covering the greenhouse
When the design of the greenhouse is ready and installed on the foundation, you need to choose the material for its cover. Now it does not matter what you choose, a light film or heavy glass, because a strong and stable frame can withstand any weight. Therefore, it should be determined based on the practicality and quality of the material.
We have already talked about the types of greenhouse coatings, and you are well aware of the advantages or disadvantages of film, glass and polycarbonate. Therefore, it will not be difficult to determine the material that suits you.
The covering of a wooden building with a film takes place sequentially, starting from one side, passing through a slope or slopes of a greenhouse, and passing to the other side. It is also necessary to sequentially attach the film to the frame. Please note that it is better to immediately cover the corner of the slope of the greenhouse with a visor, since the film passing through it often deteriorates and cold air and moisture get through the tears.
To cover a wooden greenhouse with glass, you will need special stops or glazing beads. We recommend ordering glass after installation of the frame, when you will know exactly the cell sizes for glass. It should be installed firmly, you can also lay seams with silicone or sealant to ensure complete tightness of the building and eliminate drafts. Read more about glass greenhouses.
Installing polycarbonate on the frame is quick and easy. For this, special strips and profiles are used, as well as fasteners, which can even come complete with polycarbonate plates. Polycarbonate, as we have repeatedly mentioned, is the most modern and practical option for covering greenhouse structures, so consider it most seriously.
We also recommend reading on our website how to make a greenhouse a thermos or a polycarbonate greenhouse.
Preparing the greenhouse for work
After the building is fixed on the foundation and its body is covered with cover material, the greenhouse should be sealed, install heating and lighting devices in it, bring in water for irrigation, and ensure the construction is properly ventilated. These processes, as well as systems for ensuring the normal functionality of the greenhouse, are described by us in other materials of our site, with which we invite you to familiarize yourself.
Having prepared the greenhouse design for work, it remains only to determine what exactly you will grow on its territory. The definition of soil, the size of the beds, the temperature in the room, the frequency of irrigation and other conditions will depend on the choice of crops. But you can solve this yourself, relying on informative articles from DachaDecor, and we wish you success, patience and an enviable harvest.
Do-it-yourself wooden greenhouse (20 photos)