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Zucchini, a favorite of many gardeners, is a relative of pumpkin. The vegetable has a whole complex of vitamins and excellent taste. However, the highly weaving varieties presented some difficulty in growing this plant, especially in small areas. Today, in many vegetable gardens, there is a bush marrow with compact lashes. What kind of plant it is and what varieties are now we will analyze.
The main differences between bush zucchini
Most often, it is customary to plant zucchini in open beds in order to save space in the greenhouse for other crops. Outdoor varieties should have a large bush with strong leaves that are resistant to hail and pests. It is important that the zucchini is endowed with good immunity against common diseases. Plants must withstand all bad weather conditions and at the same time bear tasty fruits. A good example of bush varieties is Gribovskie 37, Kuand, Zolotinka, Chaklun.
Many varieties stand out among bush plants, but when choosing zucchini seeds for your garden, you need to pay attention to the following indicators:
- In order for the plant to grow and bear fruit well, the variety must correspond to the climatic zone. Zucchini, like cucumbers, is a heat-loving vegetable, but cold-tolerant varieties exist.
- The culture is grown for human consumption. Here the vegetable is subdivided into fruits intended for preservation and preparation of fresh vegetable dishes.
- As for the taste, the zucchini shines with its variety. Fruits come in different hardness of pulp, less or more juicy, without seeds or with them. Here, every gardener chooses a vegetable according to his preferences.
- It is important to pay attention to yield. Naturally, the more the plant bears fruit, the better the variety is. However, this indicator is directly related to the purpose of the squash. If the fruits are used for animal feed, then its taste is not important, the main thing is that there is a large yield. For eating, bad zucchini will not work, so for the sake of taste, you can give up the yield.
- The fruiting period for a good plant should be long, and according to the ripening period, zucchini are divided, like all crops, into early, middle and late ones.
It is optimal to grow several bush varieties of zucchini in the garden. This will allow you to regulate the ripening time, increase the variety for the intended purpose and get fruits with different taste quality.
The difference between bush zucchini for imported and domestic selection
On the shelves of seed shops, you can find many imported and domestic varieties. Which zucchini to give preference to the owner, and for clarity, let's find out their differences:
- Bush squash of domestic varieties have only one plus - cold resistance. Although, if we take some varieties of foreign selection, then they are not inferior in this indicator. Domestic breeders are a little behind with the development of new varieties, so there is not much to choose from.
- Zucchini of foreign varieties surpass domestic counterparts in yield. Among them, you can choose a vegetable that is suitable for taste and purpose. However, such an overseas zucchini requires strict adherence to the cultivation technology. At the slightest non-observance of the conditions, the plant reduces yield, begins to hurt and gradually dies. The fruits of imported varieties are distinguished by their excellent presentation, which does not change during long-term storage.
To compare imported with domestic varieties of zucchini, it is important to pay attention to such an indicator as overripe.
Attention! Many gardeners know that a zucchini not removed from the bush in time will go only for animal feed in a couple of days. This picture is characteristic of all domestic varieties.
Many imported hybrids can leave fruits on the plant for a long time, without deteriorating taste.
Choosing a variety of bush zucchini by popularity
There are so many shrub zucchini that it is difficult to list all cultures. As always, let's start our ranking with the most popular varieties. According to surveys of summer residents, the demand for such zucchini is due to the taste and yield.
A plant with large lashes can grow in open and closed beds. A vegetable with a hard skin has long been known to domestic summer residents. The first crop can be harvested approximately 60 days after sprouting. Fruiting lasts at least a month and a half. Zucchini is used to prepare fresh vegetable dishes.
The first crop from a bush can be harvested 45 days after seed germination. The white squash has a smooth main surface and small ribs near the stalk. The pulp of the fruit is very juicy with a predominance of sweet aftertaste. When watering from 100 m2 plot you can take about 180 kg of crop. Without watering on normal soil, the yield will drop to 110 kg.
Bush squash bears its first fruits 42 days after sprouting. The long white fruit with a smooth and thin skin near the stalk has small ribs. The firm pulp is very juicy with a sweetish aftertaste.
The plant thrives on an open bed and in a greenhouse. From 1 m2 you can get about 8.7 kg of the crop. The first fruits after seed germination appear on the 44th day. A smooth white squash weighs a maximum of 900 g. The shrub plant is very compact and requires little space. The fruits go well for winter harvesting.
The intensively growing plant belongs to the zucchini squash. The first fruits after seed germination appear in 46 days. From 1 m2 you can get at least 7 kg of crop. This green vegetable with a thin and smooth skin is ideal for winter preparations and cooking vegetable dishes.
This variety is suitable for gardeners who like to get early harvests. The first crop can be harvested 45 days after sowing the seeds. The fruit is white with a smooth skin and has a juicy yellow pulp.
A bushy plant is suitable for lazy summer residents due to its undemanding care. An early harvest can be harvested 35 days after seed germination. Medium-sized white fruits can weigh up to 1 kg. Zucchini has a juicy flesh with a yellowish tinge. The vegetable is great for winter harvesting and can be stored for about a month.
The early variety is intended for open ground. From 1 m2 you can get 16 kg of the crop. The first fruits after seed germination appear on the 34th day. White zucchini weighs no more than 1 kg. Among summer residents, the vegetable is appreciated for its excellent taste. Has a universal purpose.
After the seeds are immersed in the ground, the bush plant begins to bear fruit on the 40th day. Smooth green zucchini has a universal purpose. The dignity of the variety is its resistance to many diseases.
The first harvest can be taken 42 days after germination. Small-sized squash weighs a maximum of 0.5 kg. Many summer residents fell in love with dark green fruits with a smooth peel because of their excellent taste.
This bush squash is a late ripening variety. The first crop can be harvested 2 months after seed germination. Fruits of a dark green color grow long about 35 cm, weighing up to 2 kg. The vegetable is considered to be of universal use.
Early bush varieties
It's time to consider the varieties of bush zucchini by ripening time. As always, let's start with the early cultures. Typically, the first fruits from such plants can be obtained 37–56 days after seed germination. Early zucchini are suitable for northern regions with short summers, while in southern regions the crop can be planted after harvesting early greens.
To get an early harvest, the plant is planted in greenhouses or made of agrofibre shelter for it. The fruits are greenish with crisp flesh.
Advice! When the size of the fruit is in the range of 12-17 cm, the pulp is saturated with a sweetish aftertaste. At this time, you need to have time to pick the vegetable from the bush, although if it outgrows, the taste will not deteriorate.
A plant with a small bush belongs to hybrids. Zucchini begins to bear fruit after sowing the seeds after 45 days. The hybrid tolerates rainy, cold weather without sacrificing yield. Fruits with a greenish tinge, when overgrown, form a pear shape.
The plant is cold-resistant at an early stage of growth. Grows well in open beds and in a greenhouse. The bright green fruit is highly saturated with sugar, which makes it versatile in use. Zucchini perfectly tolerates transportation and storage for about a half moon. Up to 12 kg of crop can be removed from the bush.
The variety has a long fruiting period. The first harvest can be obtained 47 days after seed germination. The plant, resistant to many diseases, has a powerful bush structure. Zucchini is considered to be of universal use.
Advice! The best taste is observed in fruits weighing 0.5 kg.
An early hybrid in the absence of bees tends to self-pollinate. The plant bears fruit for up to 2 months, ideal for growing in greenhouses. Zucchini loves top dressing that increases fruiting. Overripe fruit is not rough.
Bush varieties of medium ripening
From bush mid-ripening varieties of zucchini, the first harvests can be removed about 55 days after the first shoots appear above the ground. We will now consider the most interesting vegetables of this ripening period.
A very attractive yellow fruit does not mean that it is old or fodder. On the contrary, the tender zucchini with sweet flesh is ideal for preparing baby food, which can be given to a child from 7 months. The plant is distinguished by the small size of the bush with a predominance of female-type flowers. Fruits weigh 200-400g, but most importantly, they can be stored for up to 2 months in equipped storage facilities. The vegetable is used as a universal one.
The fruit of this variety stands out with a striped pattern. Dark clear lines alternate with light stripes of different shades. The first crop of zucchini can be removed from the bush 57 days after germination. The vegetable has a thin, delicate peel, but with aging it becomes very coarse. The plant tolerates slush, cold weather, and most diseases. Zucchini is considered to be of universal use.
Late bush zucchini
Late varieties are well suited for winter harvesting, and some zucchini can be stored for a long time in the cellar.
The plant has a neat little bush that can fit in any allotted garden bed. The fruit of the vegetable marrow is interesting. The orange peel and the same color of the pulp resembles an orange. The cooked young fruit tastes like a simple zucchini, and if boiled overripe, the flesh will stratify into fibers. The plant is resistant to diseases, closer to winter, a maximum of 8 ovaries are left on the bush.
This squash stands out for its different fruit colors. They can be light green, light or dark green, even yellow. The pulp of the fruit is tasty, it is considered instant cooking. The plant never forms whips.
Another bush squash, nicknamed spaghetti. The plant forms a large shrub that requires a certain amount of space. The fruit is fully ripe 4 months after sowing. Zucchini is very fond of irrigation and, with a lack of it, can throw off the set fruits. The bright yellow vegetable breaks down into spaghetti-like fibers when cooked.
The video provides an overview of bush zucchini:
When to start planting zucchini
It is impossible to accurately predict the date of planting seeds and seedlings, since it is different for each region. Usually, for normal climatic conditions, sowing seeds is carried out from March 15 to May 15. Planting on open beds is done 25 days after seed germination. Just like cucumbers, zucchini grains are soaked before planting. It is important to know that seeds germinate in the soil at a temperature of +12aboutC, so they should not be sown early in cold ground.
The video shows a method of growing zucchini:
Advice! In order to be able to harvest fresh fruits for a long time, the seeds must be sown in portions at intervals of about 7 days.
When sowing seeds in open ground, it is optimal to use a square-nested arrangement of holes. The optimal dimensions of the sides of the square are 500x700 mm. A seed on loose soil is buried by 70 mm, and in solid soil - by 50 mm. At least 3 seeds are thrown into the hole, leaving 1 most powerful sprout after germination.
In the video, you can find useful tips for growing zucchini:
Zucchini has traditionally taken root in our kitchen and is most often in demand in the spring and summer. To please your family with a delicious vegetable, you need to choose the best suitable variety of this crop for your garden.