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Zucchini varieties for the Urals

Zucchini varieties for the Urals


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Zucchini is rightfully considered one of the most unpretentious and undemanding crops grown in difficult domestic conditions. This is all the more surprising since they have their ancestry from Central America, specifically - Mexico, known for its warm and humid climate, so different from the Russian one. But even within Russia there are regions that stand out for their harsh climatic and weather conditions. One of these is the Urals region. But, despite the difficult conditions for agriculture in general and crop production in particular, the cultivation of marrow in this region is quite possible. In addition, good yields of this vegetable are achievable.

Ural climate properties

Growing zucchini does not impose any special requirements on the climate or weather of the region. But it is still necessary to highlight the main climatic or weather conditions of the Urals.

It should be taken into account that the Ural is a huge territory, the natural and climatic conditions in the north and south of which can be very different. However, general properties and characteristics are still present.

The Urals region, like almost the entire middle zone of Russia, is considered by specialists to be quite difficult for agriculture and crop production. The main signs of such areas are a short and unstable warm season, a fairly early onset of stable cold weather and the possibility of early frosts.

Most of the above is a consequence of the sharply continental climate characteristic of almost the entire Ural region.

Features of growing zucchini in the Urals

Despite the rather difficult climatic and natural features of the Urals, the cultivation of zucchini mainly takes place using the same agrotechnical methods as in most other Russian regions. This is due to the fact that the properties of zucchini are excellent for the domestic climate, allowing you to achieve good yields both in the open field and in the closed ground of film coatings.

However, some of the nuances must be taken into account:

  • use several different varieties when growing. This allows you to minimize possible losses in the event of a crop failure of a particular variety;
  • even among undemanding and unpretentious zucchini, there is a division into early ripe, cold-resistant and similar varieties. It is these varieties and hybrids of zucchini that must first of all be used for growing in the Urals;
  • pay special attention to the processes of plant pollination. This is primarily caused by a small number of warm and sunny days, when insects are especially active. Therefore, when using varieties of zucchini pollinated by bees, it is necessary to use preparations specifically designed to stimulate the ovaries. Another way to solve the problem is to use self-pollinated or parthenocarpic varieties of zucchini (for example, Kavili, Astoria, etc., more about their properties - below).

In principle, a short list of measures given for the peculiarities of growing zucchini in the Urals is limited. Otherwise, everything happens in almost the same way as in other domestic regions.

One of the original ways to grow zucchini on video:

The best varieties of zucchini for the Urals

In order to get a good harvest of zucchini in the Urals, you can use a fairly large number of a wide variety of varieties and hybrids.

Variety of green zucchini (zucchini) Aeronaut

The aeronaut is one of the most common in Russia. The combination of the following qualities brought him popularity:

  • good yield (about 7 or more kg / sq. m);
  • undemanding and unpretentiousness to growing conditions and care, which distinguishes the variety even among generally undemanding zucchini;
  • the versatility of the way of eating (can be used in salads, canned and salted) in combination with excellent taste;
  • quite good resistance to diseases and viruses common in domestic conditions.

In addition, the fruit has a very attractive dark green color, sometimes with a pattern of small light green dots.

Cavili F1 Hybrid

The relatively recent Kavili zucchini hybrid is high yielding. The plant has a beautiful bush shape, often spotted. It is characterized by the presence of a large number of not very large fruits, rarely exceeding 25 cm in length. The most pleasant taste properties are acquired by fruits that have reached 16-20 cm in length.

The Kavili zucchini hybrid is parthenocarpic, that is, it is capable of bearing fruit in relatively cold and rainy weather, without any connection with the activity of insects. In addition, the hybrid has a long fruiting period (2 months), is ultra-early (first harvest - after 35 days), suitable for both indoor and open ground.

Zucchini variety Rolik

Refers to the traditional white-fruited varieties of zucchini. It has a compact structure of the bush, which is not inherent in all ordinary zucchini. The main advantages are:

  • a fairly high yield (one bush can bear up to 9 kg of fruit);
  • excellent cold resistance. This quality allows specialists to recommend for planting seeds in open ground in central Russia, including the Urals;
  • possesses properties allowing its transportation and long-term storage.

Zucchini variety Gribovskie 37

One of the oldest and most traditional varieties of white-fruited zucchini, which gained significant distribution several decades ago and still retains its position. This is ensured by the following characteristics:

  • early maturing. Begins to bear fruit after 40 days;
  • extremely unpretentious and undemanding to conditions and care;
  • with a relatively low yield (about 4-5 kg ​​from each bush), it can guarantee it even when the rest of the zucchini cannot withstand the unfavorable conditions of a particular season.

Gribovskiye 37 has fruits of a regular cylindrical shape, rather large, reaching a mass of 0.8-0.9 kg.

Zucchini variety Zebra

The Zebra variety belongs to the early and is intended primarily for cultivation in open ground. It is famous and popular for its unusual color of fruits - alternating rather bright and contrasting stripes of dark and light green color. Despite the fact that it needs proper cultivation and care (therefore, it is recommended for experienced gardeners), if these conditions are met, it is able to provide a consistently high yield (about 9 kg / sq. M), while being an early ripening variety (it provides the opportunity to harvest the first harvest after 38 days) with excellent taste characteristics. The size of the fruits, as a rule, does not exceed 0.6-0.7 kg and, in addition to the memorable color, have the shape of a regular cylinder and a slightly ribbed surface structure.

Zucchini variety Tsukesha

An extremely popular variety of green zucchini, which is known not only for its funny and playful name, but also for a number of properties appreciated by domestic gardeners:

  • yield, one of the highest among all varieties of zucchini, reaching 12 kg per bush, and sometimes more;
  • the versatility of the way of use. It tastes great both fresh and after heat treatment or canning. It is especially appreciated by specialists in the last variant of processing, since the structure of the fruit does not lose its shape and does not "creep away" under the influence of high temperatures;
  • good storage ability (a vegetable can be stored in the refrigerator for several months without any negative consequences).

Also, the positive properties include its suitability for growing in greenhouses and greenhouses, as well as in open ground.

Zucchini hybrid Parthenon

The hybrid of the colored zucchini Parthenon belongs to the parthenocarpic, that is, it does not require pollination for the appearance of the fruit ovary. It has a classic dark green color with occasional mottling. The hybrid was developed by Dutch specialists and appeared quite recently. But thanks to its high yield, resistance to diseases, as well as high taste characteristics, it managed to get positive reviews from Russian gardeners.

Zucchini variety Ball

An early ripe zucchini variety known mainly for its original fruit shape. It resembles, in accordance with the name, a ball, since it has a round shape. The color of the squash is very similar to a regular pumpkin. However, in addition to its memorable appearance, the variety has flavor characteristics that are appreciated by experts.

Zucchini variety Pear-shaped

Another variety with an extremely original appearance. The fruits most of all resemble a pear in their shape, most often they are yellow in color, and the pulp of the fruit is a juicy, bright orange color. The variety belongs to the universal in the way of eating.

Zucchini zucchini variety Zolotinka

The external qualities of this zucchini variety are also reflected in its name. The fruits of Zolotinka have a very attractive, bright and, one might say, classic golden color. In addition to its extremely attractive appearance, the variety has the following advantages:

  • refers to early ripening zucchini;
  • is a high-yielding variety;
  • suitable for growing both indoors and outdoors.

The fruits are usually small, with an average weight of about 0.5 kg. One bush is capable of bearing up to 15 fruits.

Zucchini variety Spaghetti

One of the most original varieties of zucchini, which stands out even among the extreme variety of types and varieties of vegetables. It got its name due to the property of the pulp during heat treatment to exfoliate into separate rather long fibers, very similar to ordinary and well-known spaghetti.

Only fully ripe fruits acquire this property. In addition to originality, the advantages of the variety include an excellent ability to be stored until spring without losing any taste.

Conclusion

A huge variety of varieties and hybrids of marrow, suitable for growing vegetables in the difficult conditions of the Urals, will allow every amateur gardener to choose the one that suits him best.


Watch the video: Perfectly Planting Cucumbers, Squash u0026 Zucchini: Making the Planting Hole u0026 2 Top Mistakes to Avoid (December 2022).

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