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Tomato Budenovka: characteristics and description of the variety

Tomato Budenovka: characteristics and description of the variety


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Some hybrid tomato varieties have long been proven and are still popular among vegetable growers. Tomato Budenovka also belongs to them. Description of the variety, reviews testify to its excellent characteristics.

Every gardener who at least once planted a Budenovka tomato on his plot was conquered by its excellent agrotechnical and nutritional qualities.

Description of the variety

In their taste and appearance, Budenovka tomatoes resemble the well-known variety of Bull's Heart. Their bushes are not standard, they have a powerful root system with a diameter of about 0.5 m and are characterized by the absence of growth points - under favorable conditions and the absence of restrictions, the stems of a Budenovka tomato can grow up to 3-4 m.Therefore, their tops should be pinched.

Distinctive qualities of the hybrid variety Budenovka are:

  • thin high stem up to 1-1.5 m, which requires a garter;
  • a small number of tomato-type leaves and a characteristic dark green color;
  • early ripening of fruits - about 110 days;
  • high resistance to common tomato pathologies;
  • depending on the climatic conditions of the region, the Budenovka tomato can be grown in open ground or in greenhouses;
  • the variety is unpretentious to growing conditions and gives high yields even in rainy seasons;
  • yield from 1 tomato bush, on average, can be about 5-7 kg.

Fruit characteristics

The fruits of the Budenovka variety, after ripening, acquire an appetizing pink-red color. They begin to ripen in the open field by the end of July, and they need to be removed already in the phase of maturity, since by this time the tomatoes inside are fully ripe. Their shape is heart-shaped, round, with an elongated nose, reminiscent of the famous headdress of the Red Army, which is where the name of the Budenovka variety comes from.

The fruits are large, their diameter reaches 15 cm, and their weight, on average, is 300 g, although sometimes it can be more. Despite their large size, tomatoes do not crack, retain their shape perfectly during transportation and have good keeping quality:

Tomato Budenovka, as evidenced by the characteristics and description of the variety, is versatile in use - it is indispensable for fresh summer salads, and for winter preparations, and for freezing fresh. Its excellent taste is noted - sweet juicy pulp with a slight sourness. And the rich mineral composition makes the Budenovka variety an indispensable component in the diet. With regular consumption of tomatoes:

  • the level of cholesterol in the blood decreases;
  • blood pressure is normalized;
  • the work of the digestive system improves.

Getting seeds from your garden

To grow a tomato variety Budenovka, it is advised to collect seeds yourself. To obtain high-quality seeds, you need:

  • without removing from the bush, bring the largest and healthiest tomato fruit to full ripeness;
  • take out the pulp with seeds and pour it with water in a glass bowl;
  • a week later, when the mixture sour in a warm place, the tomato seeds will float to the surface;
  • they need to be rinsed, laid out on a clean napkin and dried in a dry, ventilated place;
  • for storing seeds, a glass container is best suited, which can be hermetically closed - it must be filled half the volume.

Important! You need to stick a label to the jar, which will indicate the timing of collection and the variety of seeds.

Sowing seeds for seedlings

Sowing seeds of Tomato Budenovka for seedlings is carried out in March-April, depending on local climatic characteristics. But tomato seedlings can be transplanted into open ground only after 1.5-2 months, after the night frosts go away. Pre-seedlings need to be gradually hardened.

Important! In the southern regions, you can immediately plant Budenovka tomatoes on open beds by mid-April, when the average air temperature is about 17 degrees.

Before sowing, seeds must be rejected, first by a visual method. Then pour them into a 1.5% solution of table salt. Low-quality seeds float, and healthy ones settle to the bottom. They are washed and disinfected in a weak solution of potassium permanganate. It is also recommended to soak tomato seeds in a growth promoter. After that, you can plant it in a pre-heated and disinfected soil, deepening by about 2 cm.

For faster germination of seeds, some gardeners resort to a little trick - they put tomato seeds in a damp cloth for several days. There is another way to speed up the development of seeds - cover them after sowing and watering with glass or plastic wrap for several days. As soon as the seedlings hatch, you need to remove the film.

Planting and watering

When the first brush with color appears on the seedlings, the tomatoes can be transplanted into separate holes. Tomato variety Budenovka loves fertile soils, so it is better to plant it in the beds, where zucchini, parsley, and carrots grew before. A small handful of humus should be added to each hole. The landing pattern is preferable to checkerboard. Tomato seedlings can be planted at a distance of 30-35 cm from each other, and leave a gap of more than 0.5 m between rows.

The optimal watering regime is 2 times a week before flowering and ovary formation. Later, watering Budenovka tomatoes is reduced to once a week. After watering, you need to loosen the soil around the bushes and pick off the excess lower leaves.

Yield increase methods

There are various ways in which you can increase the yield of Budenovka tomato. Reviews of gardeners indicate such techniques as:

  • timely removal of the leaves of stepchildren from the axils, which take away a significant portion of the plant's nutrients;
  • pinching the main root when planting seedlings to stimulate the formation of lateral roots that can provide the bush with a sufficient amount of nutrients;
  • trimming the lateral roots contributes to the formation of a stronger root system and improves nutrition of the upper part of the tomato
  • pinching the top of the central stem stimulates the growth of lateral branches and an increase in the number of fruiting shoots;
  • timely removal of excess leaves shading the bushes due to too small a distance between them, contributes to an increase in the degree of illumination and the efficiency of the photosynthesis process;
  • tapping on the stem of a tomato during flowering helps more complete pollination and the formation of ovaries;
  • the removal of flowers on the stem by the end of the season that did not have time to form an ovary reduces the consumption of food on them.

Care technology

The characteristics and reviews indicate that the main disadvantage of the Budenovka tomato is that the stems are too thin. They will break easily under the weight of the fruit. Therefore, a garter of bushes is necessary. Otherwise, the technology of caring for Budenovka tomatoes is quite simple:

  • the first feeding is carried out during the flowering period of plants;
  • the next feeding should be carried out during the formation of ovaries in order to provide the tomato with the food necessary for fruiting;
  • it is recommended to fertilize tomatoes of the Budenovka variety with infusions of herbs with wood ash, humus, potassium and phosphorus salts;
  • they should be watered at the root, avoiding the ingress of water on the foliage;
  • by mulching tomatoes with compost, you can maintain a sufficient level of moisture under the bushes; for oxygen access to the roots, periodically loosen the soil under the tomatoes and clean it of weeds;
  • about once a week, carry out preventive spraying of Budenovka tomato with garlic infusions or other disinfectants.

There are other varieties of tomatoes that are easy to care for, excellent taste and early ripening, for example, the Sevruga tomato variety. The difference between Budenovka tomato and Sevruga is that the latter is not a hybrid variety, and its fruits can reach 1 kg.

Testimonials

Practically, the Budenovka variety has no negative reviews. All summer residents speak of it as a universal variety that combines a lot of positive characteristics.

Ivanova Ekaterina, 55 years old, Astrakhan

I planted a tomato Budenovka for the first time last year. I liked the fruits - large and juicy. I want to plant a larger plot with them next year.

Sakharov Konstantin, 67 years old, Volgograd

For several years now I have been growing the Budenovka tomato variety and am pleased with its simplicity. You just need to tie it up in time - the stems are very fragile, and the taste is wonderful.

Kharitonov Zakhar, 72 years old, Voronezh

I planted two beds of Budenovka tomato in the greenhouse - for trial. The harvest exceeded all expectations - almost 6 kg per bush. The fruits are juicy, fleshy, the taste is excellent. I liked the variety very much.

Karavaeva Valentina, 63 years old, Krasnodar region

For many years we have been growing the Budenovka tomato variety and are very satisfied with its properties. I like the taste of fruits with a pronounced aroma of tomatoes. We make all winter preparations from this variety. We put smaller tomatoes in jars whole, and process large fruits into tomato juice or sauces.

Conclusion

It is not for nothing that the Budenovka tomato variety is so popular, and summer residents share its seeds among themselves. It fully corresponds to its description and reviews of gardeners.


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