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Anemone care in autumn

Anemone care in autumn


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The name of the anemone flower is translated from Greek as "daughter of the wind". Sometimes it is simply called an anemone. Perhaps this is due to the fact that with any vibration of the air, the petals begin to flutter, and the peduncles sway.

Anemones will decorate any garden, they will be appropriate in flower beds, and some species look good as continuous plantings under trees. Not all novice florists know that there are about 150 species of this plant, many of which can be grown on a personal plot. They have different requirements for placement and care. Perhaps that is why the wonderful anemone flower is not so often found in our garden. Autumn planting in open ground is not suitable for all varieties. Let's consider this issue in detail.

Variety of anemone

Before moving on directly to planting and caring, let's take a closer look at the anemone. This flower belongs to the Buttercup family and grows everywhere in the temperate latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere. Some species of anemone live even in Alaska and the Arctic. Hence the different requirements for growing conditions.

Flowers of different species have little resemblance to each other. They can be modest, like an anemone, bright and catchy, like a crown anemone. Among them there are crumbs 10 cm in size and giants about 1 m high. The color of the corollas is also striking in its variety. There are types painted in pastel colors - white, blue, pink. Others are striking in bright colors - yellow, red, blue, green, purple.

Classification of anemone species

Anemones are divided into groups according to the type of root system.

The first includes ephemeroids - flowers with long articulated rhizomes, which have a very short growing season, growing in forests:

  • Altai;
  • Ural;
  • smooth;
  • buttercup;
  • blue;
  • oak;
  • Udi;
  • perm.

The second group is represented by tuberous anemones with single buds and a short growing season:

  • apennine;
  • crown;
  • garden;
  • Caucasian;
  • tender;
  • sparkling.

Anemone with umbellate inflorescences, short rhizomes, thick and straight, represent the following group, its growing season is extended throughout the season:

  • beam;
  • long-haired.

Anemones blooming in autumn are distinguished as a separate group:

  • felt;
  • hybrid;
  • Hubei;
  • Japanese.

All season anemone grows, which form root suckers:

  • forest;
  • forked.

Anemones that live in natural conditions on the Kuril Islands, Sakhalin and North America:

  • Canadian;
  • Drumoda;
  • spherical;
  • multiseps;
  • multifeed;
  • daffodil;
  • oregano;
  • parviflora;
  • Richardson;
  • tuberose.

All of these types of anemone perfectly tolerate winter without serious shelter in the middle lane. It is enough to mulch the soil with humus, peat or foliage of fruit trees. The exception is the crown anemone, which is covered even in the south, in other regions it should be dug up and stored until spring.

Landing time of anemones

When is the best time to plant anemones? This is by no means an idle question. Unlike most plants, which do not care when they are placed on the site, in autumn or spring, the anemone prefers to be planted from the beginning of the growing season until the first days of summer.

For those anemones whose roots represent bulbs, this is not a rule, but an immutable law. They can be transplanted only in the spring or early summer. Ephemeral anemones bloom very early, then their aerial part dries up and they hide under the ground. Even if these anemones do not reproduce by tubers, but by rhizomes, in the fall you simply will not find them, planting and care is carried out in a short growing season. The most beautiful of the anemone, crown, is generally kept in the ground until the aerial part dries, then it must be dug out.

The timing can be shifted only for the rhizome anemone growing all season. Planting in the fall, of course, is undesirable, but it is quite possible. The most undemanding can be called the Japanese anemone. It can be replanted without any problems all year round, except for the flowering period and hot summer months.

Pick-up location

So, we found out when to plant anemones and that early flowering or tuberous anemones cannot be placed on the site in the fall. The next essential point in growing a flower is choosing the right place for it.

  1. All rhizome ephemeroids are shade-loving. They should be planted in the shade of trees or on the north-facing side of the plot.
  2. Most types of anemones can be grown in partial shade.
  3. Only on the southern slopes are plantings of crown, Caucasian, tender, Apennine anemone arranged. In the middle lane, they simply do not have enough light.

Important! What all anemones have in common is their dislike for drafts. Be sure to take this into account when planting and leaving, otherwise flower petals will fly around even from a weak wind.

Features of the autumn planting of anemones

Now let's take a closer look at how to plant anemones in the fall.

Preparing soil for anemone

Anemone grows well on loose, light, moderately fertile soil. Only forest anemone is capable of blooming on poor sandy soils. Although the plant needs abundant watering, stagnation of water at the roots is unacceptable. If you are planting an anemone on a slope, there will be no problem with this; in other cases, choose a site carefully. Arrange drainage if necessary.

Before planting anemones, dig up the soil well, remove pebbles and roots of weeds. Apply organic fertilizer as needed. Sour soil is not suitable for planting anemones. In order to correct the situation, add ash or dolomite flour for digging.

Preparing anemones for planting

It is best to plant freshly dug anemones in the fall. This is easy to do when moving anemones grown on their own plot to another place. But if you purchased the planting material in a garden center or on the market, it is better to soak the roots for several hours in epine, root or heteroauxin - this will significantly increase the survival rate.

Planting anemone

For planting anemones, choose a warm October day well before frost. The plant must have time to adapt to a new place. But still, do not expect that all anemones will survive the winter well, after all, autumn is not the best time to plant them in the ground.

The distance between the anemones depends on the size. Arrange them freely. Flowers growing in groups, for example, forest anemone, themselves form clumps over time. Handle fragile roots with care. If, before planting an anemone, you are going to dig it up in your own area, try to move the plant to a new place along with a clod of earth. This will significantly increase the chance of the anemone to survive the winter well and bloom next year.

Dig a shallow hole - the rhizome is buried by about 5 cm.If there is not enough humus, and you have not brought it in for digging, you can pour a handful directly into the hole and mix well with the ground. Be sure to water the anemone abundantly.

Caring for anemone after planting

Caring for an anemone after planting consists in mulching the soil with peat or humus. If the autumn is warm, there is no rain, the soil must not be overdried. But it is also unacceptable to fill the planting - there is a danger that the rhizome will rot.

In order to be able to check whether the anemone needs watering, moisten the entire soil in the garden, and not just the hole. Then it will be enough for you to dig a hole 10 cm deep next to the planted plants, take a handful of earth and squeeze it in your fist.

  • If, when you open your palm, it is only slightly damp, and the soil is collected in a loose lump, there is enough moisture.
  • A dry hand, the soil immediately crumbled - watering is needed.
  • When squeezing a lump of earth, moisture oozes through the fingers - excess moisture.

Sowing anemone seeds

Can anemone seeds be sown in autumn? Do they sprout well? Often, even experienced flower growers fail to grow an anemone from seeds. In nature, the plant is most often bred vegetatively. Only some ephemeroids and forest anemone reproduce by self-seeding.

Even freshly harvested anemone seeds sprout disgustingly, no more than 25%. But they still need to grow before landing in a permanent place, and this is also not an easy task. The highest germination rate is given by late autumn crops.

Fill wooden crates with loose soil and bury them in a quiet area. Sow an anemone. For the winter, cover with spruce branches or cover with foliage. So the seeds will be stratified in natural conditions, and hardened seedlings will be easier to care for.

Preparing anemones for winter

Planting and caring for anemones in southern areas is always easier than where winters are harsh. It is enough to cover adult plants with a thin layer of leaves, peat or mullein. But with an autumn planting, such a shelter is suitable only for the south. In the middle lane, spruce branches, straw, and other mulch with a layer of at least 10 cm are used to insulate anemone that did not have time to take root well.

Important! In the spring, the shelter must be removed from the site so as not to interfere with the sprouts hatching.

Conclusion

Try to plant anemones in the spring or early summer, but if you fail, follow our recommendations. Anemone is a beautiful flower worth the effort of planting and caring.


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