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The Fat Tomato is an unpretentious undersized variety that requires minimal care. Delicious large fruits of the variety are consumed fresh or processed.
Features of the variety
Characteristics and description of the tomato variety Fatty:
- mid-early ripening;
- determinant type;
- the growing season is 112-116 days;
- height of tomatoes up to 80 cm;
- compact bush;
- average foliage.
Features of the fruits of the Tolstushka variety:
- flat-round shape of tomatoes;
- pronounced ribbing at the stalk;
- Red color;
- the average weight of tomatoes is 200-250 g;
- sweet delicate taste;
- fleshy pulp.
According to the description and photo, Tolstushka tomatoes are intended for inclusion in the daily diet, canning in pieces, making mashed potatoes, juices, lecho. Up to 6 kg of fruits are removed from one tomato bush. The fruits have a good presentation, which is preserved during short transportation.
To obtain a high yield, Tolstushka tomato seeds are germinated in room conditions. The resulting seedlings are transferred to the site at the end of spring. The seedling method is reliable and effective, however, in the southern regions, planting seeds directly into the ground is permissible.
Planting work begins with soil preparation. It is obtained by combining peat, sod land and sawdust in a ratio of 7: 1: 1.5. The soil for tomatoes is fertilized with humus or rotted manure.
An alternative option is to purchase ready-made soil for growing tomatoes. It is convenient to plant seeds in peat pots containing a complex of nutrients.
Advice! The seeds of the Tolstushka tomato variety are placed in salted water. Grains on the surface are removed.
The remaining seeds are wrapped in several layers of gauze and placed in a light pink solution of potassium permanganate. After half an hour, the gauze together with the seeds is washed with warm water, then left in a plate for 3 days. The fabric is constantly moistened with water.
The soil is moistened and poured into containers. The prepared seeds of the Tolstushka variety are planted with an interval of 2 cm and covered with a 1 cm thick layer of black soil. The containers are covered with glass or polyethylene, and then kept warm without access to light.
When tomato sprouts appear, the containers are rearranged to a window or to another illuminated place. For half a day, the seedlings should be illuminated by the sun or phytolamps. Lighting devices are placed at a height of 30 cm from the shoots and are turned on with a short light day.
Seedlings of tomatoes Fatty provide other conditions:
- daytime temperature 21-25 ° С, at night 16-18 ° С;
- watering with warm water;
- airing the room.
For watering the Tolstushka variety, they take settled water. It is more convenient to spray plants from a spray bottle. It is enough to add moisture 1-2 times a week, when the soil begins to dry out.
When 2 leaves appear in seedlings, they are transplanted into containers of larger volume. If tomato seeds were planted in peat bogs, then transplanting is not required. Before picking, the tomatoes are watered, and then carefully transferred to a new container along with a lump of earth. Use the same soil as when planting seed.
Tomatoes are hardened 3 weeks before being transferred to the site. In a room with seedlings, the window is opened for several hours, but the tomatoes are protected from drafts. Then the containers are moved to the glazed balcony. Tomatoes should be kept outdoors for 24 hours before planting.
Tolstushka tomatoes are ready for transplantation, reaching a height of 25 cm. They have a developed root system and 5-7 leaves. The landing is performed in May, when the ground and air warms up.
A place for growing tomatoes is selected in the fall. Be sure to take into account the predecessors. Tomatoes are grown after carrots, beets, cereals, melons or legumes, onions, green manure. After any varieties of tomatoes, peppers and potatoes, planting is not performed, since crops are characterized by common diseases and pests.
Advice! The soil for tomatoes is fertilized with wood ash and humus.
In the spring, the soil is loosened and planting holes are made. Fat tomatoes are placed every 40 cm, rows - every 50 cm. The optimal seating scheme is a checkerboard pattern. This will give the tomatoes maximum illumination and are much easier to care for.
Fatty tomatoes are transferred along with a clod of earth. Soil is poured onto the roots, which is compacted. The last step is to water the plants abundantly. For the next 10-14 days, tomatoes do not disturb, do not apply water or fertilizers.
Fatty tomatoes need constant care. The plantings are watered and various types of fertilizers are applied.
According to its characteristics and description, the Tolstushka tomato variety belongs to undersized. The bush does not need shaping, which makes it easier to care for the variety. Tomatoes are tied to a support. To prevent the brushes with fruits from sinking to the ground, a net is pulled between the tomatoes.
Fatty tomatoes are watered regularly. Tomatoes require a certain amount of moisture at different stages of development. Before use, water is poured into barrels, where it should warm up and settle.
After planting and before flowering, 5 liters of water are added weekly under the root of the tomatoes. In young plants, the root system is still underdeveloped to extract moisture from the deep layers of the soil.
Advice! Lack of moisture is evidenced by curling and wilting of the tops.
When buds and ovaries begin to form, fatty tomatoes are watered more often. Every 3-4 days, 3 liters of water are added under the bushes. When fruiting, you need to reduce watering to 3 liters of water weekly. Excess moisture provokes cracking of tomato fruits.
Top dressing promotes the development and fruiting of fatty tomatoes. After planting, the tomatoes are fertilized with a solution of poultry manure diluted with water 1:15. The fertilizer contains nitrogen, so in the future it is better to choose fertilizing with other microelements.
Advice! During the formation of ovaries and fruiting, tomatoes are fed with potassium-phosphorus fertilizer.
You can get a tool for processing tomatoes Tolstushka by dissolving superphosphate and potassium sulfate in 10 liters of water. Each substance is measured in 40 g.
Processing tomatoes on a leaf helps to replace root dressing. Then 10 g of mineral fertilizer are taken on a large bucket of water.
Fat Tomatoes respond positively to organic feeding. Wood ash is a universal fertilizer. It is added to the water 2 days before watering. Ashes can be embedded in the ground to a depth of 5-8 cm, and then water the plantings.
The Tolstushka tomato variety has an average resistance to pathogens. Plants rarely get sick with fusarium and verticellosis. If the rules of agricultural technology are violated, the spread of the top rot of tomatoes is possible. When dark spots appear on the leaves and stems, the affected plant parts must be eliminated. Landings are treated with means that contain copper.
To protect against diseases, watering norms are observed, the greenhouse or greenhouse is regularly aired, and excess tops are cut off. Every 2-3 weeks, prophylactic treatments with Fitosporin or other biological products are carried out.
Diana, 28 years old, Moscow region
Every year we plant tomatoes in our parents' dacha. Of the new tested varieties, I was impressed by the Tolstushka tomatoes. Planted in a film greenhouse, when it gets cold, you can close it and not worry about the safety of the crop. Fat has large fruits, moderately dense, with fragrant and juicy pulp. The plant is low, takes up little space in the greenhouse. Care for the variety is minimal: enough watering and dressing. There is no need to grow the bushes.
Alexander, 35 years old, Saratov
I am constantly in search of high-yielding large-fruited tomatoes. I grow different varieties for sale. I really liked the Fatty tomatoes according to the description and photos, so I allocated a separate bed for them. The bushes are not tall, but the fruits are large and heavy. I install a grid on the garden bed at a distance of 0.5 m from the ground. Tomatoes sprout calmly through it, and the fruits do not fall off and stay without tying. As a result, I collected about 5-6 kg of fruits from the bush.
Ekaterina, 47 years old, Stavropol
I have been looking for a good large-fruited tomato variety for a long time. The store advised a tomato Fat, decided to plant a few bushes. In March, I planted it on seedlings, almost all the seeds sprouted. During cultivation, there were no problems with tomatoes. No special pinching was required. At the end of the season, the bushes grew greatly, so I removed the branches without fruit. The Tolstushka tomatoes taste very sweet, the pulp is fleshy and juicy. An ideal variety for salads, it has become one of my favorites.
Fatty tomatoes are compact and do not need pinching. The fruits are large in size and rich in taste. Tomatoes are looked after by watering and feeding. Be sure to carry out preventive treatments to prevent the spread of diseases.