We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Almost all gardeners grow tomatoes. They try to plant varieties, the fruits of which can be used both for conservation and for salads. Anyuta is just that tomato that looks great in jars and is delicious fresh in salads.
Characteristics of the variety
Anyuta bushes grow up to 65-72 cm, tomato belongs to the determinant varieties. The stem of the tomato is quite strong, so it is not necessary to tie it up. However, experienced gardeners recommend using additional supports, because the bushes can bend and break under the weight of ripe fruits. Anyuta F1 hybrid is characterized by high resistance to some diseases: tobacco mosaic, top rot. You can protect tomato beds from harmful insects and parasites with the help of wood ash and tobacco dust. Slightly flattened ripe Anyuta fruits do not crack, they are distinguished by a bright red color as in the photo. When ripe, a tomato gains an average weight of 96-125 g, 2.3-2.8 kg can be removed from a bush Anyuta F1 tomatoes are well transported, have an excellent presentation and can be stored in room conditions for about one month.
Already 85-95 days after sowing the seeds, you can start harvesting. Therefore, Anyuta's tomato is considered ultra-early. Some summer residents manage to get two crops per season.
Advice! If the seeds are sown for the first time in the last days of March, then by the end of June ripe tomatoes appear.
The second tomato sowing is done in early May and from the second half of August you can start harvesting. If warm autumn weather persists, then tomato bushes continue to bear fruit until mid-September.
The advantages of the tomato Anyuta include:
- compact form of bushes;
- early ripening;
- the possibility of growing in greenhouses and open ground;
- excellent keeping quality of Anyuta tomatoes for long-distance transportation;
- resistance to disease;
- excellent taste.
Gardeners do not distinguish distinctive shortcomings in the Anyuta tomato variety.
Features of growing seedlings
Some gardeners do not like to tinker with seeds - they believe that it is very troublesome and costly. However, adhering to the rules of growing seedlings, it is quite possible to get excellent seedlings on your own and without much effort.
In order to start picking ripe Anyuta tomatoes early, you should not skip the sowing time. The optimal period is the last decade of March (but it is better to focus on the climatic features of the region).
- The highest quality tomato seed material Anyuta F1 is pre-selected. To do this, the grains are dipped in a saline solution (a teaspoon of salt is dissolved in a glass of water). Empty and small seeds float up and are not suitable for planting. The rest of the seed is washed well.
- To increase germination and yield, the grains are pre-soaked (no more than 12 hours) in special solutions (nutritional mixtures Virtan-Micro, Epin). Then the seeds of tomatoes of the Anyuta variety are placed in a damp cloth and stored in a warm place. For germination, it takes from 1 to 3 days. As soon as the first shoots appear, the grains are planted in a special soil.
- It is recommended to prepare the land in advance - the soil should be nutritious, loose. A thin layer of drainage (small pebbles or wood chips) and a nutrient mixture are poured into the container. You can prepare the soil yourself, but it is better to use a store-bought special soil mixture.
- In the moistened earth, even shallow (1-1.5 cm) grooves are made, where the tomato seeds Anyuta F1 are carefully laid out and sprinkled. The entire soil surface is compacted (effortlessly). The sown area is lightly watered with water with the addition of a growth stimulator (Previkur Energy). To preserve soil moisture, it is recommended to cover the box with plastic wrap.
As soon as the first seeds germinate, the container is opened and placed in a warm, well-lit place.
When the second leaves appear on the seedlings, you can start planting the Anyuta tomato in separate containers (special mini containers or plastic cups). About two weeks before planting the plants in open ground, the seedlings begin to harden: the containers are taken out into the open air for a certain time.
Attention! Before planting a tomato on the site, the seedlings should be outdoors for a whole day.
If the temperature outside at night does not drop below 13-15˚ C, then you can plant the sprouts of the Anyuta tomato in open ground. By this time, the seedlings usually have a powerful stem, about 25-30 cm high.
Since the tomatoes of the Anyuta variety are medium-sized, it is recommended to place the holes in a checkerboard pattern, at a distance of 30-45 cm between bushes in a row. 60-70 cm is left on the aisle. Sometimes manufacturers recommend a planting scheme on the packages.
How to care for tomato beds
The plot for tomatoes is prepared in advance: in the fall, the earth is dug up and fertilized. In the spring, just before planting the plants, the soil is loosened and weeds are removed. For tomato Anyuta, lands of a special composition are not required; timely feeding is sufficient.
Transplanting tomatoes into the garden is best done in cloudy weather or in the evening. You need to remove the seedlings from the containers just before planting, after moistening the soil in the cups.
Important! On the eve of planting (several days before), nitrogen fertilizers are applied to the ground at the rate of 20-33 g per square meter.
After planting, the first watering is done in 2-3 days. Water should be poured under the root of the tomatoes, avoiding liquid getting on the leaves.
Important! It is impossible to water Anyuta F1 tomatoes by sprinkling, as this technique leads to a decrease in air and soil temperature. This can cause shedding of flowers and fungal infections of tomatoes.
In sunny, dry weather, watering is recommended in the evening so that the water does not evaporate quickly and soaks the soil well. Before the appearance of the first ovary, it should not be frequent with watering - it is enough to maintain the soil moisture at the same level. As soon as the fruits of Anyuta's tomatoes begin to gain weight, it is necessary to increase the amount of watering. But at the same time, the soil should be moistened regularly, sharp contrasts should not be allowed. A strong drop in soil moisture can lead to cracking of the tomato, slowing down the growth of the ovary.
After moistening, the soil must be loosened. At the same time, weeds are carefully removed and attention is paid to the roots of the Anyuta tomato variety. If the adventitious roots are exposed, then the bushes should be spud.
Three weeks after transplanting the seedlings of Anyuta's tomatoes into open ground, the first top dressing is carried out. It is recommended to use the liquid fertilizer "Ideal" and nitrophosphate (10 liters diluted with a tablespoon of each component). 500 g of solution is added under each bush.
When the flower brushes begin to bloom, the next portion of fertilizer is applied. To make a nutrient solution, a tablespoon of Signor Tomato fertilizer is diluted in 10 liters of water. For one bush of tomato variety Anyuta, a liter of mixture is enough. After two to three weeks, you can apply a superphosphate solution (a tablespoon per 10 liters of water).
Lovers of organic fertilizers can use bird droppings. To create a solution, take in equal amounts of droppings and water. The mixture is infused for 3-4 days. In order not to burn the roots of the tomato, the resulting concentrate is additionally diluted with water in a ratio of 1:15. About 2-2.5 liters of fertilizer are poured under each bush.
If there are weak bushes, it is recommended to carry out foliar feeding - Anyuta's tomatoes are sprayed with a solution of urea (for 5 liters of water - a tablespoon of fertilizer).
Tomatoes of the Anyuta variety are very popular among summer residents and gardeners because of their early ripening and resistance to diseases. This tomato is great for growing both in small summer cottages and on reputable farms.
Reviews of summer residents
Svetlana Fedorova, Belgorod
I have been planting the tomato variety Anyuta for a long time. I buy seeds from one manufacturer and the sowing material never let me down. Anyuta's tomatoes grow vigorous and ripen together. The fruits ripen beautiful, even. I plant seedlings in the greenhouse and on the street.
Stepan Chudovsky, Taganrog
I love experimenting with new tomatoes, but I plant the Anyuta variety all the time (about 10 years). An excellent tomato - never cheated with the harvest, did not suffer from late blight. And the early ripening of the fruits allows you to add vitamins to the table at the beginning of summer. Almost all neighbors also grow tomato Anyuta F1.
Sergey Veselov, Lutsk
An amazing variety. The first time I planted the tomato quite late - in mid-May, so I sowed the grains already in the greenhouse. The bushes did not require special attention. The yield of the Anyuta tomato variety is simply amazing - in the middle of summer, the bushes were simply sprinkled with elegant tomatoes. I really liked the taste of the fruits, the even shape (it is convenient to roll it into jars).