When to collect boletus: in which forests, places and time of collection in Russia

When to collect boletus: in which forests, places and time of collection in Russia

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Butterlets grow almost everywhere in Russia, since the climatic conditions of the northern hemisphere suit them for almost the entire summer-autumn period. For a successful collection, you need to know the places that this species loves and, after waiting for good rain, go out on a quiet hunt.

When the boletus grows, what time of the year

The period of growth and collection of oil is quite long and falls on almost all summer months - June, July, August, and autumn - September and October. The exact time depends on the climatic and weather conditions of the area.

When the first boletus appears

It has been noticed that boletus yields a crop during the season in waves. The first wave occurs in the second half of June, when it is time for haymaking. In July, after the rains, the boletus will actively grow. This is the second wave when you can go to pick mushrooms. The most mushroom time is August-September. At this time, hiking in the forest for mushrooms is always crowned with success, especially if it has recently rained and the weather is warm.

What weather do boletus mushrooms grow in?

Boletus grows best after rain. On the 2-3rd day after the rainfall, you can go on a quiet hunt for mushrooms. For the rapid growth of mycelium, heat and sun are also needed. If it is raining, but the weather will be cool, cloudy, then the mushroom will not rush to grow. Autumn specimens are considered the most delicious.

At what temperature do boletus grow

Butterlets prefer cool weather so that the average daily temperature is not higher than + 180C. Fluctuations in night and day temperatures do not affect the growth of mycelium. But if the night temperature drops to -50C, then the mushrooms stop bearing fruit.

Until what time can you collect boletus

You can pick mushrooms until the end of autumn, when frost sets in. If the soil is frozen 2 cm deep, then the mushrooms stop multiplying. But if suddenly it got very cold, and the earth did not have time to freeze, and it became warmer again, then they will continue their growth again.

When does the season of boletus begin in Russia

In the Moscow region and central Russia, the first boletus appears in early June and delights mushroom pickers with their appearance all summer. And since the second decade of August, their most abundant growth has been noted. At the end of September, their activity subsides, but you can still collect them until the first decade of October.

In the Leningrad region and northern parts of Russia, boletus also begins to grow in early June. But the most active growth occurs in August-October. In November, you can still collect them, but they may be slightly frozen.

Siberia does not indulge its inhabitants with long and hot summers. Even at the end of May, there are recurrent frosts, and in early October the first snow falls. The main collection time for boletus is in August-September, when it is still warm enough and rainy weather.

In the Urals, the climate is slightly milder than the Siberian one. Therefore, you should go to the collection in June, when the boletus are already growing quite actively. The growth of mycelium continues until the first frosts, which are usually established in the second decade of October.

Growth time of boletus

It is better to go for picking mushrooms on the second day after the rain, or more precisely, after 12-18 hours. They appear very quickly. They become ready for culinary processing within a few hours. But for this, in addition to rain and abundantly moistened soil, you also need warm air, as well as good sunlight. All this should be taken into account in order to correctly determine the time for going out for mushrooms.

Important! Mushrooms grow quickly, but also quickly deteriorate. Therefore, you need to collect boletus before the worms attack, which also like to eat the sweet pulp of these mushrooms.

Where do boletus mushrooms grow

Butterlets are widespread throughout Russia, especially in its northern part, as they love cool weather and pine forests. Each type of mushroom is adapted for living in certain natural conditions and in cohabitation with specific neighbors. There are many varieties that differ not only in appearance and taste, but also in their place of growth.

In which forest do boletus grow

This fungus prefers to form mycorrhiza (mutually beneficial cohabitation) with conifers. Therefore, you need to look for it in pine or larch forests. Boletus grows less often in mixed pine forests with a predominance of birch or oak.

But you can find mushrooms not in the thick of the forest, but on the edges, clearings, clearings and the sides of forest roads, as they like well-lit places and open space. If the planting of trees reaches a height of 8-10 m, then the mycelium under them does not form. But in young spruce forests, you can conduct a successful quiet hunt for their whole families.

Under what trees do boletus grow

The choice of location depends on the trees under which certain types of mushrooms prefer to live, and on the composition of the soil. Of the conifers, boletus most often appear under five-coniferous and two-coniferous pines, larch trees and cedars. In mixed forests, they are more likely to appear under pine or cedar trees. Different types of fungi prefer their own suitable soil, but most of them live on sandy soil. And on the limestone, you can find such varieties as larch, granular and gray.

How to properly collect boletus

The mushrooms should be picked early in the morning before the sun warms them. So, they will last longer. If you managed to spot one copy, then you need to carefully look around. There is a good chance that a whole group is hiding under a moss or a blanket of pine needles nearby.

The mushroom should not be uprooted. It needs to be cut with a knife in order to preserve the mycelium, which will give growth for the next year. It is better to fold cut specimens with a hat down or on its side in a basket of twigs. In this position, they are better preserved. No need to pack them in a padded bag or backpack. There they will be crumpled and crumbled.

Immediately after returning home from a quiet hunt, the mushrooms should be cleaned of debris, washed and processed for further use. You cannot store them.

Is it possible to collect large boletus

Caps of adult mushrooms can reach a diameter of 4-10 cm. They can be collected, cooked from them in different dishes, if they are not wormy. But mushroom pickers are advised to give preference to young mushrooms with caps of 2-4 cm. They are tastier, you can cook them whole.

Is it possible to collect dried boletus mushrooms

You should not collect old and dried oil, as well as those that grow near enterprises with chemical emissions. They managed to accumulate in themselves many substances harmful to the human body.

Processing of oil after collection

This type of mushroom is suitable for any cooking method. They are boiled, fried, baked, canned for the winter, dried, frozen. The most delicious are autumn young specimens. Before cooking, they need to be peeled, rinsed and the brown skin removed from the cap. Otherwise, she will spoil the whole appearance of the dish with her dye. If the skin does not come off well, you should hold the mushrooms in boiling water for a couple of minutes and then pour cold water over them.

Important! It is necessary to clean and process mushrooms immediately after collection, using gloves. Otherwise, the dye from the skin on the cap is difficult to wash off your hands.


Butterlets grow quickly and, under favorable conditions, in just a few hours, they turn into full-fledged adult mushrooms, from which you can prepare various culinary dishes. The right time and place to collect these gifts of nature is crowned with a successful hike. And the pleasure that the mushroom picker gets at the same time cannot be compared with anything.

Watch the video: Foraging and Cooking Wild Mushrooms in the Swedish Forests! Earth Cycle (January 2023).

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