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Bakchar Giant is one of the most common varieties of honeysuckle. The popularity of the berry shrub is due to its resistance to frost and disease. A distinctive feature of the variety is large berries. Honeysuckle is unpretentious in care and can bear fruit up to 18-20 years.
This variety of honeysuckle was obtained in the Federal State Unitary Enterprise "Bakcharskoe", which is located in one of the villages of the Tomsk region. The authors of the new variety were I.K. Gidzyuk, N.V. Savinkov and A.P. Pavlov.
Honeysuckle Bakchar Giant was bred for cultivation in harsh winter conditions. It is recommended for planting in Siberia and the Central European part of the Russian Federation, which is characterized by a moderate continental climate.
Description of the variety
Honeysuckle Bakchar Giant is characterized by an average ripening period and large, juicy berries. The plant has a powerful and vigorous shrub that can reach two meters in height. The crown is round and elongated. Frame branches are straight and thick, stretching up to 0.6 m in length. The bush is abundantly covered with large, dark green leaves with a gray tint and a matte surface.
The honeysuckle of this variety gives large berries, the average weight of which is 1.8 grams, the length is 4-5 cm, and the diameter is 1.3 cm. Some specimens reach 2.5 grams. The fruits are cylindrical in shape and have a slightly lumpy, waxy surface. The thin skin is colored deep blue. Sometimes small voids are found under it.
The pulp is tender and dense, the bones are almost not felt. Taste - dessert, sweet, with a slight sourness. Tasters estimate it at 4.8 points out of 5. Honeysuckle is consumed fresh and frozen. Berries are used to prepare compotes, jellies, jelly, juices, various wines and jams.
Honeysuckle The Bakchar Giant begins to bear fruit in the second or third year after planting. The first berries can be tasted in June. On average, one bush bears from 1.8 to 2.5 kg of large fruits. Under favorable conditions, up to 4.5 kg of berries can be removed from one plant. Gardeners harvest from 8 to 15 tons of crops per hectare.
Pollinators for the Bakchar Giant
The flowers of the Bakchar Giant are self-fertile, so they require cross-pollination. To get a bountiful harvest and large berries, you need to plant several different types of honeysuckle in the garden. Recommended pollinating varieties of the Bakchar Giant: In Memory of Gidzyuk, Pride of Bakchar, Nymph, Amphora, Azure.
Advantages and disadvantages
According to the reviews of summer residents, a number of positive aspects of the Bakcharsky Giant honeysuckle can be distinguished:
- bountiful harvest;
- large fruits;
- dessert taste that will appeal to any gourmet;
- the fruits are easy to pick, since the branches are widely spaced;
- good resistance to diseases and pests;
- increased cold resistance, the honeysuckle of this variety can withstand frosts up to - 35 degrees;
- fruits tolerate transportation relatively well.
The disadvantages of this variety include the shedding of ripe fruits. But experienced summer residents and gardeners can easily solve this problem. Under the bush, they spread a film or cloth on which the berries fall. A little trick helps in harvesting.
It is not difficult to grow the honeysuckle Bakchar Giant. But in order for the seedling to take root and begin to develop rapidly, you need to adhere to some of the planting features.
Planting of this variety of honeysuckle is best done in September-October. After winter, the plant will wake up and begin to develop. Planting a bush in the spring is not recommended. Since honeysuckle wakes up very early (at the end of March), it is undesirable to disturb it. She can weaken and die. If the need arises, then dig up the bush along with the soil. This way, damage to the root system will be minimal.
Honeysuckle Bakchar Giant is propagated by several methods:
- Layers. In June, they dig up the soil around the plant. Then several lower branches are bent to the ground and, sprinkled with soil, are fixed with a wire. After a year, they take root and can be separated from the shrub.
- Green cuttings. At the end of May, a part of an annual shoot with 3 buds is cut from the plant. Its length should be within 10-15 cm. The stem is soaked in a growth stimulant solution and placed in a container with soil. Using a plastic bottle, they create a greenhouse effect.
- Seeds. This is a laborious and time-consuming method of growing, so it is rarely used. The seeds are harvested from ripe fruits. They are planted in boxes, covered with snow and left until spring. With the arrival of heat, the container is covered with a film and wait for the emergence of seedlings. Before planting, the seeds must be stratified.
The photo shows cuttings of honeysuckle.
Attention! When propagated by cuttings, only about 30% of cut shoots take root.
Honeysuckle of this variety does not like strong winds, so it is recommended to plant it along a fence or any other fence. The Bakchar Giant does not tolerate excessive moisture. Groundwater should be no closer than 1.5 meters to the surface of the earth. For planting a bush, it is not recommended to choose a low-lying area, since cold air and moisture accumulate there.
The Bakchar Giant loves sunny areas, but the lower branches should be in the shade. Therefore, honeysuckle should be planted interspersed with other shrubs. So the crown will be well lit, and the root zone of the plant will be shaded.
Honeysuckle is not picky about the land, but grows best on fertile and loamy soil. The composition of the soil should be neutral or slightly alkaline. If it is sour, then dolomite flour or ash must be added to the planting pit.
Seedlings must be purchased from trusted sellers. Before planting, the roots of the plant are soaked in a solution of any growth stimulant. Then the following sequence of actions is performed:
- the territory is cleared of weeds;
- humus, rotted manure, peat or compost are scattered over the surface of the earth at the rate of 10 kg / 1 m2;
- the site is carefully dug up;
- pits are prepared with a depth of about 0.4 meters and a width of 0.4 meters;
- drainage is placed on the bottom and 50 g of superphosphate and 50 g of potassium salt are added to each well;
- straighten the roots of the seedling and lower it into the hole so that its root collar is at ground level;
- cover the hole with soil and slightly compact it;
- planted honeysuckle is watered with a bucket of water.
Important! If there are several bushes, then at least 2.5 meters are left between them. The row spacing should be about 1.5 meters.
Bakchar Giant is a picky variety of honeysuckle. But regular maintenance guarantees a healthy appearance of the plant and abundant fruiting.
The shrub should be watered every 4-5 days. It is recommended to pour a bucket of water (10 liters) on one root. If there is not enough moisture, the berries will become bitter. If over-watered, the roots of the plant will rot. Therefore, you need to focus on the weather conditions of a particular area. In case of drought, increase the amount of watering, and during rains, decrease. In the fall, it is minimized.
After each irrigation, it is advisable to loosen the ground around the bush.
The honeysuckle of the Bakcharskiy Giant variety is fed in three stages. In the spring, nitrogenous fertilizers are used to grow fruits. For example, ammonium nitrate. 15 g of the substance is enough for one plant.
To recover after fruiting, the bush is watered with a nitrophoska solution (25 g per bucket of water). If it is not at hand, phosphorus-potassium fertilizers are applied to the soil.
To store nutrients for the winter in the fall, the soil is fertilized with organic matter. To do this, the manure is diluted in water in a ratio of 1 to 4. 10 liters of solution is enough for one bush.
Young honeysuckle does not need to be pruned. The first procedure is carried out three years after planting the seedling. Remove broken, frozen and dried branches. Also cut off the curved, growing inward and inclined to the ground shoots. Depending on the age of the bush, about 9-15 strong branches should remain on it. The more light penetrates the middle of the bush, the larger the berries will be.
Important! If the shrub is old, rejuvenating pruning can be done. To do this, cut off all branches at a level of 30-35 cm from the ground.
Diseases and pests
The honeysuckle variety Bakcharskiy Giant has good resistance to many diseases. But the shrub can be attacked by pests: caterpillars, ticks, aphids and scale insects. Therefore, preventive spraying is carried out in early spring. The following drugs have proven themselves well: Mavrik, Konfidor, Eleksar and Inta-Vir.
The photo shows honeysuckle affected by aphids.
Honeysuckle Bakcharian Giant deserves attention. This is a godsend for gardeners living in the northern regions of the country. It is a frost-resistant variety that is intended for cultivation in harsh climatic conditions. To get a rich harvest and a healthy plant, it is enough to adhere to simple rules of agricultural technology.
Elena, 50 years old, Omsk
I have two honeysuckle bushes of the Bakcharsky Giant variety growing in my garden. The harvest depends on the place of planting. In an open area, the plant freezes up, so it gives much less berries. For 3 years after planting, she removed about 0.6 kg of fruits from the bush. The second seedling was planted next to the gooseberry, so it is well protected from cold winds. There are no frozen branches on it and the yield is much higher - 1.8 kg per bush. The difference is palpable. The berries are large, the taste is sweet and sour. This is the only variety that suits me in everything.
Mikhail, 35 years old, Moscow region
Several years ago I ordered a seedling of the Bakchar Giant from the nursery. The honeysuckle was packed in a bag and lined with moss. There were already berries, but small ones. It grows very weakly, the shoots are up to 40-50 cm long. The name of the variety does not justify itself, I expected more.