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The purple sap is one of the many ornamental garden herbaceous shrubs. It is well known to landscape designers and is often used for landscaping and decorating parks and adjoining areas. Experts especially note that this perennial practically does not get sick and is not affected by pests, is easy to care for and at the same time has a very attractive appearance.
Purple stew (lat.Eupatorium purpureum) is a perennial herbaceous shrub. He belongs to the Asteraceae or Astrov family. In the wild, it is found in Europe, Asia, America. It got its modern name "poskonnik" for its resemblance to hemp, which in Russia used to be called "poskonnik".
Skeleton purple - a modest handsome man
The main parameters of the purple stethosis are presented in the table:
Hemp, repnik, horse mane, sedach, shaposhnik
Herbaceous perennial shrub
A dense, highly leafy, medium-spreading bush up to 2 m high and up to 1 m wide, with time it can form continuous thickets
Erect, not branching, powerful, reddish-purple
Opposite or whorled, elongated lance-shaped, slightly curved with a boat, bright green with reddish-purple veins, the edge of the plate is slightly serrated, the petiole is short
Well developed rhizome
Pink-purple, small, with a tubular corolla, collected in inflorescences-baskets, forming bulky caps at the ends of the shoots up to 30 cm in diameter
Small, dark, rough, are in seed capsules
The purple bush blooms in the middle of summer. At this time, the plant emits a delicate pleasant aroma that attracts many butterflies and other insects. Flowering lasts about 7 weeks and usually ends in September, although individual specimens may continue to bloom until the first frost.
Growing from seeds
In the wild, the purple bush breeds by self-sowing, due to which the plant forms dense thickets over time. The seed method can also be used for growing seedlings and then planting them on the site. However, if you plant the seeds of the steak directly into the open ground, the grown plants will bloom for only 3 years. Therefore, it is recommended to use the seedling method.
Before sowing planting material, it must be stratified for 1 month. Better to do this in February-March. Purple steak seeds are mixed with sand and removed for this period in the refrigerator, where they are stored in a vegetable tray at a temperature of about + 2 ° C.
When to plant
At the end of the stratification, the seeds of the stethoscope purple are sown in containers filled with special soil. The optimal time for this is the last decade of March. By this time, you need to prepare wide and shallow containers for growing seedlings, as well as stock up on soil, purchasing it in a store or independently mixing sand, peat and turf soil in equal proportions.
It is very convenient to use special cups or cassettes for growing seedlings.
Important! Before use, the soil must be disinfected by spilling it with a solution of potassium permanganate or calcining it in the oven for at least 0.5 hours at a temperature of + 200 ° C.
How to grow seedlings
The stratified seeds of the stethoscope purple are kept for 1 day in a weak solution of potassium permanganate, and then planted in containers filled with soil without deepening. The planting material is evenly distributed over the surface, lightly pressed or sprinkled with a thin layer of soil, and then moistened with water from a spray bottle. The container is covered with glass or foil and then placed in a warm, dark place.
Important! Periodically, the shelter must be removed by airing the soil. If it dries up, it is moistened with warm, settled water.
It takes 2 to 3 weeks to germinate the seeds of the stethoscope purple.
The seeds of the stethoscope purple germinate in 2-3 weeks. After the first shoots appear, the shelter should be removed, and the container should be transferred to a well-lit place. After the appearance of 2 pairs of permanent leaves, the seedlings are picked in separate pots. She will stay there until the end of May, at which time she is transplanted into open ground. Approximately 10-14 days before, the containers begin to be taken out into the air, while the holding time is increasing each time. This is how the plants are hardened.
Important! The soil temperature at the time of transplanting seedlings should be at least + 8-10 ° С, there should be no threat of recurrent frosts.
Landing in open ground
The purple stew is undemanding to growing conditions. The procedure for planting it is simple, as is the subsequent care for it.
How to choose a seat
The purple rose has no special preferences, it does not impose increased requirements on the site and grows well both in the sun and in partial shade. The soil is preferable fertile and loose; this plant feels uncomfortable on clay and sand. The acidity should be close to neutral.
How to prepare the soil
Before planting young seedlings of purple stethosis, the soil on the site should be dug up, cleared of debris, old grass and at the same time compost into it (3-5 kg per 1 sq. M). Planting holes are prepared based on the size of the seedling root system. In group plantings, the intervals between neighboring plants should be at least 0.6 m. The seedlings are removed from the cup together with a lump of earth on the roots and carefully placed in a hole, sprinkled with earth and compacted. After this, the young seedling must be watered abundantly.
Peat cups will eliminate the need to remove the plant before planting
Important! If you immediately use peat cups for growing seedlings, then the pick is not done, and planting in open ground is carried out together with the container, without removing the plant.
Stem rose purple loves moist soil, but excess water is harmful to it. Excessive moisture can lead to decay of the roots and death of the plant, so watering is required, although regular, but moderate. Freshly planted seedlings, as well as the separated parts of the rhizomes, which are in the process of rooting, need additional watering. At such a time, you need to be especially careful to ensure that the soil does not dry out.
Frequent regular feeding of the stethoscope purple is not required. In early spring, nitrogen fertilizers are applied, stimulating the growth of shoots, and during the period of budding and flowering, you can use any complexes for flowering shrubs, for example, Kemira-Universal.
Do I need to tie
The stems of purple stew are strong and tough, they can easily withstand the weight of a large cap-shaped inflorescence. The bushes themselves are also quite dense and resist the wind well. Therefore, you do not need to tie them up.
Features of care during flowering
There are no peculiarities in the care during the flowering of the stethoscope purple. During this period, you need to ensure that the soil in the root zone does not dry out, and also remove weeds in order to maintain the decorative effect of the bush. It is better to postpone all other procedures until the flowering ends.
It is possible to propagate the purple steeple both by seeds and vegetatively. The second method is preferable to use, since in this case all varietal characteristics of the plant are guaranteed to be preserved. In addition, when using vegetative methods, a full-fledged flowering bush can be obtained much earlier.
By dividing the bush
This method of propagation is suitable for purple stew bush that is at least 5 years old. Its essence is as follows.
- In early spring or autumn, all shoots of the bush are cut at a height of 0.2-0.3 m.
- The rhizome is dug out of the ground.
- With the help of a sharp bayonet shovel or ax, the rhizome is divided into parts containing several shoots with their own lobe.
- Sections are treated with a solution of potassium permanganate or brilliant green.
- Delenki are immediately planted in pits prepared in advance.
Each section must have at least 3 growth points
Important! Next time, it will be possible to divide the purple bush only when it reaches the age of 5 years or more.
This method is similar to the previous one. For reproduction, young shoots of the stethoscope purple with a height of at least 5 cm are used, which are cut off along with the root. For growing, they are placed in special containers or boxes filled with soil for seedlings. In such comfortable conditions, the plants are kept for about a month, providing them with good care and regular moderate watering. Then, the matured seedlings of the stethoscope purple are transplanted to a permanent place in the open ground.
Bone sap can be propagated by green cuttings, which are harvested in June. They are cut from annual shoots, the length of each should be at least 10-15 cm. Green cuttings are rooted in containers filled with a mixture of peat and sand. The landing is carried out obliquely, the deepening should be about 5 cm.
Rooted cuttings should be covered with a glass jar or a cut plastic bottle
A film cover is necessarily mounted on top, or each stalk is closed with a cut plastic bottle or glass jar. It will take about 1 month to form its own root system, after which the seedlings are transferred to a permanent place.
Important! During the entire period of rooting, cuttings of the stethoscope purple must be ventilated, and the soil substrate must be moistened, preventing it from drying out.
Pruning the bushes of the purple bush can be done in order to increase the decorative effect of the bush as a whole, or to get rid of improperly growing, weakened or diseased shoots. And you can also remove dried inflorescences, this will lengthen the flowering period of the entire bush as a whole.
Before wintering, the bush is cut off completely, leaving hemp 10-15 cm high. Young first-year plants can be filled with spruce branches. Older bushes, as a rule, do not suffer from cold weather and do not need any shelter.
Diseases and pests
Stem rose purple has excellent immunity to diseases and pests. It belongs to poisonous plants, so neither insects nor other animals touch it. From viral diseases, curly leaves may occasionally appear, in this case, the affected areas of the bush must be cut out and burned.
Photo of a sap in landscape design
A lush purple bush can be a good accent in a landscape gardening composition. In addition to individual plantings, you can also use group plantings, for example, to create a hedge or a color background for less tall plants.
Two-level hedges provide excellent wind protection
Purple rosewood looks great as part of a mixborder
The bushes of the stethoscope purple can decorate a wrought-iron fence
Stemwood bushes harmoniously combine with water bodies
In combined flower beds, the steep is planted in the background, it serves as a background for other, less tall plants.
Bouquets in floristry
The flower hats of purple stews look good in bouquets. Often they are placed separately in a vase, while the plant retains its decorative effect for a long time and remains attractive even after drying. When combined with more expressive flowers, the stem can be used as a background.
Application in traditional medicine
Stem rose purple is included in the list of medicinal plants in Russia. It has long been used in folk medicine as an anti-inflammatory, expectorant, diuretic. Currently, its medicinal value has been greatly lost, since much more effective drugs have been synthesized. It should also be borne in mind that all parts of the purple stethoscope contain toxic substances - alkaloids, therefore, any homemade remedies based on this plant should be used with caution and only after consulting a doctor.
Stem rose purple is not often found in gardens and in personal plots. At the same time, it is one of the most unpretentious plants that can decorate even remote corners of the garden. The agrotechnology of growing purple rosebone is extremely simple, so we can safely recommend it for growing even the most inexperienced gardeners.