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Honey mushrooms are one of the most common forest mushrooms, the most common and have many varieties, both edible and poisonous. The lamellar honey fungus is referred to as false representatives of the family and is considered conditionally edible. Due to its mild taste after proper heat treatment and pleasant aroma, it has earned love and respect from mushroom pickers.
What does seroplate honeycomb look like?
Gray-lamellar pseudo-honey (other names - poppy, pine honey) belongs to the Strophariev family and has an external resemblance to their relatives. The color of the mushroom is yellow or light orange, diluted with reddish, brownish spots. The hymenophore in young individuals is white, later - bluish-gray, with a characteristic color for poppy seeds. False froth has a thin, light flesh that does not change color when cut. Its smell is mushroom, pleasant, with a hint of dampness in old specimens.
Description of the hat
The cap of the young honey mushroom of the gray-lamellar poppy is convex, hemispherical, with age it acquires a more outstretched shape. The diameter of the cap is from 3 to 8 cm, the color is from light yellow to light brown. The shade depends on the place of growth. In wet places, the color is rich, in dry places it is pale, dull. Remnants of the bedspread may be observed on the inside of the cap.
A straight, cylindrical leg acquires a slightly curved shape with age. It grows up to 10 cm and has an uneven color: the top is yellow, the bottom is darker, rusty brown. Its center is hollow, there is no ring, but the remains of the veil can be observed.
A useful video will help you learn more about seroplate mushrooms:
Where and how it grows
Gray lamellar honey fungus (hypholoma capnoides) grows in the temperate climate of the central zone of Russia, in Europe and in some places in the northern hemisphere. It is a tree fungus and settles on fallen stumps, rotting wood, and only coniferous roots hidden in the soil. Most often, this representative grows in the lowlands, but it is also found in mountainous areas.
When can you collect seroplate mushrooms
It is possible to collect seroplate false mushrooms from late spring to the very cold weather. In regions with a mild climate, they are collected even in winter - in December. The peak of fruiting occurs in September - October. Mushrooms grow, like all mushrooms, in large groups, concretions, but singly they are very rare.
Is the mushroom edible or not
The gray-lamellar pseudo-foam belongs to the conditionally edible mushrooms of the 4th category. It is eaten only after preliminary heat treatment - boiling for 15 - 20 minutes. For the preparation of various mushroom dishes, only the caps of young, not overgrown specimens are used. Legs are not suitable for food, as they are stiff, fibrous and have a rather unpleasant taste.
How to cook seroplate honey mushrooms
Second courses are prepared from seroplate false mushrooms. After the obligatory boiling, they are fried with the addition of onions, mushroom sauces are prepared, pickled or salted. The broth is drained and not used for food. For harvesting for the winter, the drying method is used.
How to pickle poppy mushrooms with garlic and horseradish
- 1 kg of mushrooms;
- 2 tbsp. l. salt;
- 1 tbsp. Sahara;
- 500 ml of water;
- 2 tbsp. table vinegar;
- spices - 2 - 3 cloves of garlic, 2 - 3 cloves, 2 leaves of horseradish, laurel and currant.
Pickled honey mushrooms are prepared only after preliminary boiling for 20 minutes.
- All these components are put into the marinade, except for vinegar and currant leaves, horseradish.
- Prepared mushrooms are poured into the boiling marinade and boiled for 5 minutes.
- Add vinegar.
- The bottom of the sterilized jars is laid out with horseradish and currant leaves, honey mushrooms are placed on top.
- Banks are poured with marinade and sterilized for at least 20 minutes.
- Then it is hermetically sealed and stored in a cool, dark place.
Cold salting of gray-lamellar mushrooms
Cold salted honey mushrooms are no less tasty. This will require:
- 1 kg of prepared mushrooms;
- 3 - 4 cloves of finely chopped garlic;
- 1 tbsp. salt;
- several dill umbrellas;
- spices - 3 pcs. bay leaf, cloves - optional.
- A layer of salt is poured into a glass or enamel container at the bottom, boiled seroplate honey mushrooms are spread.
- Layers alternate, shifting each with dill, spices, garlic.
- On top, with the last layer, pour salt and lay clean gauze.
- They put oppression and put them in a cool, dark place for 1 month.
After a few days, the brine should completely cover the container. If this does not happen, it is necessary to increase the oppression. To eliminate the risk of mold, it is important to rinse the gauze thoroughly every 4 to 5 days. After 25 - 30 days, salted mushrooms should be transferred to jars and refrigerated.
How to dry poppy mushrooms for the winter
Drying is the only way to prepare hypholoma capnoides that does not require pre-boiling. They are cleaned with a soft brush, but not washed. After that, they are strung on a thin rope and hung in a ventilated place where direct sunlight does not penetrate. Dried for 40 days. Dry mushrooms are fragile and brittle to the touch.
Mushrooms can also be dried in an oven at a temperature of 70 ° C for at least 5 - 6 hours. Fruit bodies are periodically stirred.
Growing seroplate honey agarics in the area or in the country
Poppy honey agaric is also grown in household plots: on coniferous sawdust or their mixture with straw and hay. In specialized stores, they buy mushroom mycelium, prepare the substrate and follow the algorithm:
- Coniferous sawdust is scalded with boiling water and allowed to cool.
- The substrate is squeezed out of excess liquid and mixed with mushroom mycelium in the proportions indicated on the package.
- The whole mixture is placed in a transparent plastic bag, tied, crumpled a little.
- Small cuts are made on the bag for oxygen supply.
- Hang it in the garden in the shade. You can grow seroplastic mushrooms indoors.
- During the 1st month, the mycelium does not need lighting. During this time, the substrate will acquire a whitish or yellow color and become dense.
- After another 2 weeks, the fruiting bodies will become clearly visible: now, light will be needed for the active development of the mushrooms.
- In the package, incisions are made for the growth of mushrooms and cut off as they grow.
Important! The mycelium bears fruit most actively in the 1st month after the designation of the fruit bodies. Between the 1st and the 2nd wave of mushroom appearance 2 - 3 weeks pass.
Doubles and their differences
The main difference between the seroplamellar false froth and other representatives of the Glofariev species is the color of the plates, which is characteristic of the color of poppy seeds. None of the twins have such a shade of hymenophore, so this characteristic should be taken into account when collecting mushrooms. The seroplastic pseudo-froth can be confused with the following related representatives:
- The brick-red pseudo-froth has a characteristic cap color and yellow plates. It grows mainly in deciduous forests, preferring beech and oak stumps. Conditionally edible.
- Summer honey agaric - has a lighter flesh and plates of gray or fawn color. Prefers deciduous forests, birch stumps. It is edible.
- Sulfur-yellow false froth has greenish plates, sulfur-yellow, uniform color of the cap and pulp. It is found in deciduous forests, but in rare cases it can also be found in coniferous thickets. Poisonous hemp-like representative.
- The fringed gallerina is distinguished by yellow or brown, depending on age, plates and a yellow-brown cap, which is evenly colored. It grows in both coniferous and deciduous forests. This variety is poisonous.
A seroplastic honey fungus, or poppy hypholoma, upon close examination, can be easily distinguished from the above-mentioned poisonous representatives of the Strophariev family. In taste and quality, it is close to summer honey.
The lamellar honey mushroom is a tasty and healthy mushroom that contains many vitamins and microelements. It bears fruit until late autumn, and therefore allows mushroom pickers to diversify the table throughout the season until cold weather or during the absence of other mushrooms. Quite often, lovers of "quiet hunting" collect poppy pseudo-foams together with summer honey ages, as one species.