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Buzulnik Przewalski (Ligularia przewalskii) is a herbaceous flowering perennial belonging to the Astrov family. The homeland of the plant is China. It grows in the mountains, at an altitude of 1.1-3.7 km above sea level, along the banks of rivers and lakes, in forests, in humid ravines and near streams. Buzulnik Przewalski is widely used as a medicinal plant, as its roots have antibacterial properties. Cultivated as an ornamental landscape plant throughout Europe, the USA and Russia.
Description Buzulnik Przewalski
A large, powerful plant has a dense stem up to 1.2-2.5 m high, rich green, reddish-brown, chocolate shade. The leaves are very beautiful, delicate. Large, from 15 to 30 cm in diameter, in the shape of a heart or maple leaf, gracefully serrated. Strongly or weakly carved, with pointed toes. Bluish or silvery green, light green. The color of the petioles corresponds to or slightly lighter than the color of the stem.
Buzulnik Przewalski has an inflorescence in the form of a strongly elongated ear, without leaves. Length from 30 to 70 cm, sometimes with a slightly curved, hanging tip. Small flowers of a sunny yellow color bloom sequentially, from lower to upper, as the inflorescence grows.
Buzulnik Przewalski is very hardy. Grows well in the shade, on sunny sides, but picky about watering. Blooms in June and continues to bloom for a month.
The best varieties
Buzulnik Przewalski is a very elegant plant. In Russia, it practically does not occur in the wild, but breeders have bred dozens of varieties that are magnificent in their external data.
Buzulnik Przhevalsky variety "Raketa" is distinguished by brown-bronze stems and large peduncles. The heart-shaped leaves are heavily cut around the edges, and the yellow flowers resemble miniature daisies in shape.
Powerful shrub withstand strong gusts of wind
The name of the variety - "Klenolistny", speaks for itself. The characteristic leaves are very reminiscent of carved maple leaves and grow up to 25 cm in diameter. The variety is tall, reaches 1.7 m. The flowers are light yellow, small, and the inflorescences are distinguished by slightly curved tips.
Buzulnik Przewalski "Klenolistny" is distinguished by amazing decorative qualities
A compact, undersized variety of Przewalski's buzulnik with leaves of a rich emerald hue, with large teeth. Their shape is round, triangular or arrow-shaped, and the tips are pointed. Peduncles are voluminous, long, abundantly covered with bright golden flowers. The color of the stem and petioles is very dark, it looks impressive against the background of rich yellow-green shades.
In addition to Little Rocket, breeders have developed the Rocket variety, which is distinguished by powerful bushes up to 2 m high
Buzulnik Przewalski in landscape design
Buzulnik Przewalski will serve as a decoration for any site. Magnificent bushes with sprawling unusual leaves and rich gold inflorescences draw attention to themselves. Looks great alone on flower beds and lawns. Serve as a wonderful central base for floral and green compositions. They can be planted both in partial shade, under the crowns of trees, next to buildings, and in open space.
Buzulnik Przewalski goes well with blue and blue delphiniums, purple aconite, tulips and primroses. Feels great next to artificial and natural reservoirs. Effectively surrounds decorative ponds and waterfalls with dense greenery. Used to create green screens and hedges, dense plantings, background for shorter plants.
Even a small area, decorated with bushes of blooming Przewalski's buzulnik, looks attractive
Buzulnik Przewalski can be propagated in two ways:
- planting seeds in soil or seedlings;
- dividing the bushes.
The division of the rhizome is carried out in early spring, carefully digging out adult, overgrown bushes. The resulting planting material must be planted with a distance of 0.5-1 m. The seedlings bloom in the same season.
Important! Buzulnik Przhevalsky, grown from seeds, blooms only for 3-4 years of life, while rarely retaining the qualities characteristic of the variety. Therefore, this breeding method is not very popular with flower growers.
Planting Buzulnik Przewalski
Planting a perennial in open ground is not difficult. The most important thing is to choose the right place and prepare the soil for planting.
Sowing seeds of Przewalski Buzulnik in open ground is carried out in early spring, as soon as the ground warms up. Autumn planting is recommended in November or December, depending on weather conditions.
Seeds can be planted on seedlings as early as January-February. The seedlings are placed in a permanent place in May. In April, before bud break, adult bushes can be propagated by dividing.
Attention! Planting seeds before winter gives a better effect than spring.
Site selection and soil preparation
In one place, Przewalski's buzulnik is able to grow up to 20 years, therefore, the choice of a site and fertilization of the soil must be approached with all care. The flower feels good in partial shade, on the western and eastern sides of buildings, fences, under tree crowns and next to gazebos and trellises. Too bright midday sun can burn delicate leaves and flowers. The soil should be sufficiently loose and rich in nutrients. If the bush lacks nourishment, flowers will be sparse.
The soil for Przewalski's buzulnik must be dug up by adding good humus and wood ash. Too acidified soil will have to be lime. Buzulnik Przewalski with its wide leaves inhibits the growth of weeds. Nevertheless, it is advisable to carefully select the roots of perennials when preparing the site, to destroy the weeds as they germinate.
Buzulnik Przewalski is planted at a distance of at least 50 cm from each other, ideally it should be 1 m.Thus, the bushes get enough space for growth without oppressing each other. Seedlings from the ZKS should be carefully transferred into the prepared holes. With an open root system, straighten the roots, falling asleep in layers and slightly crushing. The root collar should be at ground level.
After planting, you need to apply a complex mineral fertilizer, then shed well. Water should be watered daily, if there is no rain, until they take root. When planting with seeds, cover the soil with foil or covering material until germination.
If you need to plant a bush during the summer, it should be prepared. Remove one third of the leaves, starting at the bottom. Be sure to shade from direct sunlight and water so that the ground is constantly moist. Such a seedling takes root within a month.
Caring for an adult Przewalski buzulnik consists in timely watering and feeding. The soil should not be allowed to dry out, and there should be enough nutrients in it. The plant responds well to the introduction of humus and humus, watering with solutions of mullein and bird droppings. Usually, a garter is not required for the bushes, but during the flowering period or in areas with strong winds, it may become necessary.
Buzulnik Przewalski feels best on alkaline soils saturated with moisture and humus, delighting with green leaves and lush inflorescences
Watering and feeding schedule
An adult bush requires 3-4 liters of water daily, with the exception of rainy days. If the plants are planted on the shore of a natural reservoir, drip or automatic irrigation is carried out, this is great. In other cases, you will have to ensure a regular supply of moisture and spraying the leaves in the summer heat.
Fertilizers are initially applied at planting. At the beginning of summer, Przewalski's buzulnik can be spilled with a mullein solution at the rate of 1x10, or 5 liters of well-rotted compost and humus can be added under each copy.
Important! It is forbidden to make top dressing with strong changes in day and night temperatures. In this case, they negatively affect the beauty of the flower.
Loosening and mulching
Periodically, Przewalski's buzulnik requires loosening the soil to a depth of at least 8-10 cm with the obligatory removal of weeds. Then the soil must be mulched with a layer of peat, humus, sawdust, chopped straw or bark.
In autumn, after the seeds and leaves have dried up, the parts of the plants located above the ground should be cut off at the root. Remove fallen flowers, burn.
Preparing for winter
Spill the cut bushes with warm water, cover them with a layer of mulch 5-8 cm thick. Since Przewalski's buzulnik tolerates frosty winters well, no additional shelter is required. Only in the case of a thin snow cover and low temperatures, plantings can be covered with spruce branches, straw, several layers of covering material.
Diseases and pests
Buzulnik Przewalski is resistant to diseases and very rarely is attacked by insect pests. Sometimes weakened bushes can be affected by powdery mildew. Purchased fungicides or folk remedies will help get rid of it - treatment with solutions of soda and soap or mustard powder.
Another danger lurking Przewalski's buzulnik is garden slugs. To protect plants from these pests, you can scatter superphosphate granules at the roots without burying them in the ground, or treat them with appropriate preparations.
Przewalski's Buzulnik is a very impressive herbaceous perennial. Powerful, tall stems with large leaves and inflorescences elongated to a third of the length attract attention. The flower is an excellent element of landscape decoration for personal plots, parks, recreation areas. It goes well with various types of garden flowers, loves partial shade. For abundant flowering, the plant needs regular watering and feeding.