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Avocado: allergenic product or not

Avocado: allergenic product or not


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Avocado allergies are rare. The exotic fruit has become commonplace for consumers, but there are times when people are faced with fruit intolerance. The disease can be found unexpectedly in adults and even young children.

Could you be allergic to avocado?

Allergy is an inadequate immune response to substances with which a person interacts. One of the varieties of this ailment is food allergy - a condition when allergic reactions occur when eating certain foods. In Russia, the incidence of food allergies ranges from 15 to 35%. And studies by the American Foundation for Allergy, Asthma and Immunology have shown that about 2% of US residents suffer from food intolerances. Of these, 10% are allergic to avocado.

Avocado is not a strong allergen. But people prone to seasonal reactions to pollen (hay fever) or some fruits may have an allergic reaction to these fruits. In some cases, the disease is quite serious. You need to know its signs in order to prevent the appearance of unpleasant consequences.

Causes of an allergic reaction

The causes of avocado allergy are found in the fruit itself. The pulp of the fruit contains proteins, glycoproteins. This substance is a "provocateur", and with a weakened immunity is perceived as foreign, which causes a negative reaction of the body. However, the heat treatment of the fruit degrades the substance and makes the fruit safe.

Naturally grown fruits do not contain harmful chemicals. But for safety during long transportation, green avocados are still treated with ethylene on plantations. This is a special gas that penetrates the fruit pulp and promotes ripening. At the same time, the enzyme chitinase is produced - a strong allergen, which also provokes an adverse reaction of a weakened immune system.

Cross-allergy is a condition in which a person who has an intolerance to certain foods reacts to others that contain the same allergen. So, an allergy to kiwi, bananas or papaya is likely to cause a similar response of the body to the consumption of avocados.

The final cause of avocado allergy is heredity. Studies have shown that if one parent is prone to allergies, the child has a 30% chance of developing an allergic condition. If the mother or father has the disease, then with a probability of 60 - 80% the child will also be susceptible to it. Avocado allergies are very difficult to detect at an early age, as the fruit is rarely included in baby food. However, at the first use of the fruit, it will make itself felt.

How does avocado allergy manifest?

The symptoms of an avocado allergy are completely similar to those of a food allergy. The reaction may appear immediately or within a few hours after eating the fruit. Allergies often appear after a few days. Adults may not notice the first symptoms of avocado allergy:

  • tingling sensation in the mouth and nasopharynx;
  • sore throat;
  • tingling and peeling of the skin;
  • cough.

After a while, if you leave everything unattended, the situation will worsen and more pronounced signs will appear:

  • redness and rashes on the skin;
  • nausea and vomiting, flatulence, diarrhea, or constipation;
  • redness of the eyes, conjunctivitis;
  • numbness of the tongue;
  • inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth and nose.

Important! A late allergic reaction tends to be easier than an immediate one.

The manifestation of allergies in children is similar to the symptoms of an adult. The child becomes restless, naughty and crying. Constant itching of the skin can lead to sores and sores. In this case, you should immediately consult a doctor.

In severe cases of avocado allergy, edema appears, similar to those shown in the photo. They begin in the lower part of the face and, if you do not start treatment, rise to the nose, eyes, gradually covering the entire face. Sometimes the situation is aggravated so much that angioedema occurs, or Quincke's edema. With such a reaction, the patient's eyes stop opening. The edema spreads to the laryngeal mucosa, which causes wheezing and makes breathing much more difficult.

Attention! When the first signs of puffiness appear, do not postpone a visit to a specialist.

Diagnostic methods

Diagnostic methods for detecting avocado allergy are used after the patient has been examined by an allergist. In most cases, symptoms appear with a long delay. To identify the allergen, the doctor directs the patient to a laboratory analysis of venous blood. The study requires preparation: 3 days before donating blood, it is necessary to exclude any emotional and physical stress. Such a test has no contraindications, it is allowed to be carried out for children from 6 months. The results are not affected by the intake of antihistamines.

The second method for finding out the presence of an allergen is an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. With its help, specific antibodies are detected in the patient for a variety of pathologies. This will help the doctor more accurately determine the cause of the allergy and identify not only allergenic foods, but also other substances to which a negative reaction occurs.

How to treat avocado allergies

You cannot completely recover from allergies - this is a chronic disease. However, if you take a course of medication and follow an appropriate diet, you can achieve a stable remission.

The patient should draw up a dietary menu with a dietitian doctor. First of all, avocado and any dishes containing it are excluded from the diet. In addition, foods with a high level of allergenicity and other fruits that can cause cross-allergies are removed from the menu - kiwi, banana, mango, papaya.

If a food allergy occurs, the menu must contain products with an average allergenicity: lean meat (veal, lamb, turkey), cereals (rice, buckwheat), legumes, corn. The diet also includes fruits and vegetables with low levels of allergenicity: apples, watermelon, zucchini, salad.

As a rule, drug treatment is carried out to relieve the consequences of a mild allergic reaction: swelling, redness and itching. The most popular antihistamines are Suprastin, Loratadin, Tavegil. To relieve acute reactions, drugs based on epinifrin are used.

Folk remedies are ineffective in the treatment of pronounced food allergies, since most medicinal herbs are themselves strong allergens. But to relieve puffiness, redness and itching, you can take baths and treat the skin with decoctions of chamomile, string or mummy solution.

For medicinal infusion from the mummy, 1 g of resin is dissolved in 1 liter of water. The liquid is used for lotions and rinses. This way you can reduce itching and redness of the skin without the use of medication. To prepare an infusion from a string or chamomile, you need to take 2 tbsp. l. herbs, pour boiling water and leave for 30 minutes. Add the resulting solution to the bath.

Important! With severe allergies, you should not rely only on folk remedies. It is better to see a doctor and take a course of medication.

Can you eat avocados for allergies?

If a child or adult is allergic to avocado, then the fruit is excluded from the diet. If this is not done, mild manifestations of the disease will eventually be replaced by more severe ones, which can lead to Quincke's edema or anaphylactic shock. In this regard, in order not to risk your life, you need to completely abandon the consumption of avocados.

If you have an allergic reaction to an avocado, you should be careful about eating foods that can cause cross-allergies. These include mango, kiwi, banana, and papaya. If these fruits also cause unwanted symptoms, then it is best to eliminate them from the diet.

Preventive actions

An avocado allergy can appear out of the blue. If such a problem already exists, it is necessary to completely abandon the use of fruits. However, there are times when avocados are not listed as an ingredient in dishes. To avoid unpleasant consequences, you should always clarify their ingredients, as well as carefully study the composition of the products in the store. In addition, you should pay attention to the composition of cosmetics and hygiene products. In some of them, manufacturers use oils or avocado extract. Additionally, it is recommended to take care of the state of immunity:

  • do exercises daily;
  • perform breathing exercises;
  • temper, take a contrast shower;
  • give up cigarettes and alcohol.

You should not give an exotic fruit to a child if he is under 1.5 years old. The immune system is a complex structure, at such an early age it is just being formed, so it can often inadequately respond to unfamiliar foods. If a negative reaction occurs, then the allergy can remain for life.

Conclusion

Avocado allergies can be caused by a weak immune system, a tendency to seasonal fever, or intolerance to related fruits. This must be taken into account in the treatment and the correct formation of the diet. This is necessary so as not to cause a resumption of allergic reactions and not to aggravate their course.


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