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How to make a brooder for quail with your own hands

How to make a brooder for quail with your own hands


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Breeding quails on farms is quite a profitable business, so many people do this not only in private houses, but also in city apartments. The costs of keeping quails are small, and there is always healthy tasty meat and equally healthy eggs on the table. You can use the most common cages from a pet store to keep chicks, but chicks will grow much better in "houses" - brooders. The article is devoted to how to make a brooder for quail with your own hands. The drawings, videos and photos given in the article will help you build a good room with your own hands.

Bruder: what is it

This is the room where the chicks born are kept. Quails stay in the house until three to four weeks of age.

Important! The main purpose of a brooder for quails is to create an optimal regime for the chicks. Therefore, it is necessary to maintain a certain microclimate inside.

The device is equipped with infrared lamps, which serve both for light and room heating. In addition, the quail room is equipped with feeders.

The microclimate indicators in the brooder are as follows:

  • The initial temperature in the brooder is 35-37 degrees;
  • When the birds reach 10 days of age, the air temperature is lowered to 30 degrees;
  • Three-week-old adolescent chicks are moved into cages for adult birds.

Requirements for brooder

First of all, it is the presence of a good heat source. As already mentioned, the heat source is an infrared lamp. In addition, an automatic thermostat is also required. The infrared lamp also serves as a light source. For the first two weeks it is necessary to keep the lighting constantly on. Exposure to infrared radiation on chicks accelerates their puberty.

Feeders and sippy cups are also special. The feeding scheme used for adult birds is unacceptable. Otherwise, it will be rather difficult to maintain order in the brooder, and young livestock will die in a dirty room. It is necessary to equip drinking cups and feeders so that they exactly match the size of the room.

  • Convenience for putting things in order in the room.
  • Reliability, structural strength.

How to choose the right materials

The first thing you need to pay attention to before making a brooder for quails is the selection of materials. Since the structure is intended for reusable operation, it is necessary to select durable and good-quality materials for the brooder:

  • Board or plywood sheet with a thickness of 2-3 cm. The tree must first be treated with an antiseptic compound. The use of fiberboard sheets is permissible, but such a structure will last less than a board or plywood sheet.
  • Polycarbonate can be used to make a brooder. The material is durable and very hygienic. Washing the polycarbonate structure is a pleasure. But polycarbonate also has a significant drawback. It does not allow air to pass through, so the chicks will not be very comfortable, even if you establish high-quality ventilation.
  • The front wall of the brooder can be made of 10 x 10 mm metal mesh. While the quails are very tiny, they use a mesh with a mesh size of 5 x 5 mm.

Important! It is desirable to make a litter box from galvanized iron sheets. Metal is easy to clean, does not corrode and does not accumulate "odors".

Dimensions (edit)

It all depends on how many chicks you are going to keep in the “new home” and where you are going to place the brooder. A house with dimensions of 700 x 500 x 500 mm will comfortably accommodate a hundred quail. In about two weeks, the chicks will become cramped, and you will have to think about resettling the babies or about getting a more spacious quail house.

What is needed for construction

Consider what is needed to make a brooder for quails with dimensions of 700 x 500 x 500 mm. The internal height of the room is 400 mm. Here's an interesting video:

The construction of a brooder is carried out in the following sequence.

  • Container.
  • The bottom of the cage and the manure collector.
  • Installation of lighting system and heat source.

To make a do-it-yourself quail brooder, you will need it.

  • Plywood sheet 1520 x 1520 mm.
  • PVC panel.
  • Metal grid.
  • Self-tapping screws

The dimensions of the side walls of the brooder (2 pieces) are 480 x 800 mm. The dimensions of the ceiling, bottom and back wall are 700 x 500 mm. In addition, two bottom parts with a mesh (660 x 20 mm) and two pallet skids (640 x 50 mm) are made. Door dimensions - 400 x 445 mm.

Collect the brooder in the following sequence. To extend the pallet, the same principle applies as for furniture drawers. 2 end strips and 4 plywood strips for sidewalls are made.

For the stiffeners, a timber bar is used, in total 4 parts. Stiffeners are attached to the side walls with self-tapping screws. After that, three walls are connected together using self-tapping screws.

Before assembling the front of the brooder, make a frame. Hinges are mounted on the front of the side plates. Now you need to mount the doors. They can be done with or without mesh. Care must be taken to ensure that the doors open freely.

Now it remains to connect the ceiling and bottom of the brooder. The bottom is mounted according to the sandwich principle: the mesh is inserted between the slats and fixed with self-tapping screws. Care also needs to be taken to mount a fine-mesh bottom for newborn quails. It must be used so that the kids do not fall through.

The principle of installation of the manure collector is the same as for the bottom of the brooder (instead of the mesh in the "sandwich", galvanized metal or plastic is used). To the outer part of the pallet, you need to fix a strip of plywood sheet. The droppings will not spill out.

The last stage of building a brooder is the installation of infrared lamps. If the room turned out to be spacious enough, then they can be installed on the back wall. The thermometer for monitoring the air temperature is placed so that its scale can be seen through the door.

Brooder feeders are preferably of the hopper type, which are attached to one of the walls. For the manufacture of trays, a metal profile or a plastic pipe is used. End parts are equipped with plugs. To prevent chicks from littering with food, it is covered with a metal mesh. Drinking bowls in a brooder can be of these types.

  • Open.
  • Cup.
  • Vacuum.
  • Nipple.

The last option is the most preferred. Birds will not spray water.

Features of heating and lighting

The option with infrared lamps is not a bad thing, but for a very large number of chicks, this method can not be called economical. If you use a large number of these lamps, energy costs will increase. Therefore, for large brooders, it is advisable to use film elements for the "warm floor" system. And a low-power light bulb is enough to light the quail.

Tips for operating a brooder

  • It is necessary to populate chicks in new housing no earlier than six hours after birth. The chicks will have time to dry out and get used to their surroundings.
  • Don't forget to watch the young quails. If they lose their feather, then there are drafts. At the same time, we must not forget about ventilation. The brooder should be free of dust and hydrogen sulfide odor.
  • Quail is a rather nervous and shy bird, therefore it is important not to approach the brooder unnecessarily.
  • If by the time the chicks appear, you have not managed to build a high-quality "housing" for the young, you can use a cardboard box with ventilation holes and a light bulb installed inside for a temporary settlement.

Of course, a brooder can also be purchased ready-made. But doing it with your own hands is not at all difficult, interesting and not at all burdensome for the wallet!


Watch the video: Epic Quail Pen now on the homestead! (February 2023).

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