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It's hard to find a garden that doesn't have tropical plants. Most often these are vines, which decorate gazebos, fences, walls of buildings - an excellent option for masking shortcomings. Plants are unpretentious, but very decorative. One of these cultures is Ipomoea Kvamoklit. Varietal variety, photos of plants, features of growing and care in the open field further.
General description of the species
Liana Ipomoea Kvamoklit is a tropical plant, Mexico is considered its homeland. The beauty is so attractive that landscape designers have long paid attention to it for creating various flower arrangements.
The height of the climbing stems during the summer reaches 1.5-4 m, depending on the species and variety. The leaf plates are dissected, feathery (hence the name), light green shades. The diameter of the leaves is 5-12 cm, and at the base they are large, closer to the tops of the vine they become smaller.
Attention! Some varieties of the cypress liana Kvamoklit have reddish-brown leaves, which makes the planting even more decorative.
Ipomoea flowers attract with their bright colors of different tones of red. There are also white gramophones. The buds have an unusual tube shape. The corolla resembles an asterisk with sharp, slightly bent petals. The diameter of the flowers is up to 3 cm.
It should be borne in mind that solid flowers on a plant bloom only when certain varieties are purchased. Morning glory with red petals usually prevails in variety mixtures.
Morning glory begins to bloom early and pleases with its green leaves and bright phonographs throughout the summer. Flowers bloom at sunrise. In hot times of the day, the buds fold their petals. Shortly before sunset, the vine opens up again.
Attention! If it is cloudy in the morning, it is raining, then the liana will not please with its multicolor.
Morning glory Kvamoklit pinnate refers to unpretentious garden crops, grows on any soil. When choosing a place, it is important to consider that you need to plant a plant in well-lit areas, in extreme cases, in an openwork shade. But the absence of the sun makes the plantings faded, Ipomoea Kvamoklit practically does not form flowers.
In place of the buds, seed boxes are formed. At first they are green, by autumn they turn light brown. In each box of Ipomoea Kvamoklit, 4 seeds ripen. They can be collected in order to have their own seed for the next year.
Morning glory Kvamoklit develops quickly. Numerous lateral shoots appear on the main lashes. If you do not install the supports, then the bindweed will intertwine. The result is an unkempt lump. Therefore, when planting a garden culture, this feature must be taken into account. The vine looks great on trellises, arches, threads.
The brightest representatives of the species
Many species and varieties of Ipomoea are bred in the world. But only a few of them grow in the gardens of Russians:
- Cirrus Kvamoklit;
- Morning glory Red Kvamoklit;
- Ipomoea Kvamoklit "Cardinal";
- Lobed Kvamoklite;
- Ipomoea "Twinkling Stars" Kvamoklit;
- Slaughter's Kvamoklit.
All these varieties are amazingly beautiful, so there are many difficulties when choosing. To figure out what is better to buy for a garden, you need to know a short description, see a photo of Kvamoklita varieties.
This variety of morning glory Kvamoklit is distinguished by carved openwork leaves of dark green shades. The buds of the plant are small, they can be red, white, pink. The vine grows quickly, the main shoot reaches 2.5 m. The morning glory Kvamoklit begins to bloom late, only in late July - early August, but pleases with its buds until the first frost.
Morning glory Red kvamoklit
Ipomoea Red or fiery Kvamoklit has a special relationship. This cypress liana is distinguished by long, thin liana-shaped shoots, reaching a height of 3 m. The plant has large heart-shaped leaves. The diameter of the scarlet tubular buds is about 1 cm. Flowering begins in early June and lasts only a month. Then the buds turn black.
Advice! Planting plants at different times allows you to extend flowering.
Morning glory kvamoklit "Cardinal"
Kvamoklit "Cardinal" Climber is an annual morning glory. She has decorative pinnately dissected leaves. The height of the plant by the end of the growing season is about 2 m. The star-shaped flowers have long tubes. The diameter of the red petals is within 4-5 cm. Flowering begins in July-August and continues until frost.
Attention! This variety of Ipomoea was created by Dutch breeders.
Kvamoklit lobed for the unusual color of the buds is often called the Spanish flag. The Kvamoklit plant stands out for its powerful shoots, which are distinguished by their red color. The height of the morning glory is within 3 m. There are stipules on the heart-shaped leaves. Flowers are somewhat reminiscent of a droplet up to 2 cm long.
Once the buds have formed, they are bright red in color. Over time, they turn pale, turn first orange, then lemon. One inflorescence contains buds of different colors. Long flowering.
Ipomoea Twinkling stars quamoclite
"Twinkling Stars" is not a variety of Ipomoea Kvamoklit, but a mixture of different varieties. Flowers with white, red, pink buds can be grown from the seeds of one packet. Having planted Ipomoea Kvamoklit, you can get a mixture of colors in one place against the background of green carved leaves, which is clearly seen in the photo below.
Compared to other varieties, the hybrid of morning glory Kvamoklit Slaughter is low - only 1.5 m in height. Red tubular inflorescences are pleasing to the eye in the early morning, before the sun is high. It should be noted that the flowers are of a deep red hue, like a cardinal's mantle, therefore Kvamoklit is often called the Cardinal vine.
To obtain new plants, it is necessary to purchase seeds of Kvamoklite pinnate. The seed can be used to grow seedlings or immediately sow seeds in a permanent place when the soil and air warms up.
Planting and caring for morning glory kvamoklit
Morning glory Kvamoklit, according to gardeners, is an unpretentious climbing plant. As already noted, it can be grown through seedlings or sown directly into open ground. It should only be understood that with the second method of reproduction, flowering will come later. But in fact, it is better to use both methods, then the Ipomoea feathery Kvamoklit will bloom in the garden continuously until the frost.
Seedlings are planted in late May - early June (depending on the climatic characteristics of the region), at the same time the seeds are sown. The distance between plants is 35-50 cm. The thing is that all varieties branch well, so a small distance between the bushes will reduce the growth rate, the plants will not receive sufficient watering and nutrition. As a result, the leaves will begin to turn yellow, and the formation of buds will decrease.
Attention! The exotic plant can be grown as a hedge. In this case, the morning glory is placed at a distance of 20 cm.
Morning glory Kvamoklit develops well in well-fertilized soil. Therefore, before preparing the flower bed, be sure to add humus, sand (mineral fertilizers if desired).
Growing kvamoklite from seeds at home
The seedling method of growing cypress liana Kvamoklit pinnate is used by gardeners of those regions where special climatic conditions: spring comes late, and autumn - early. Only in this case, you can count on full flowering and obtaining seeds.
Planting is planned for the last decade of March or for the first days of April, depending on the time of the onset of a stable temperature, then the seedlings can be planted in open ground. 1.5 months is quite enough for the development of the root system and the aerial part of the plant.
Seedling growing process:
- For sowing, you can take containers, cups, peat pots. Many gardeners believe that with a single sowing, seedlings develop better and take root faster in the open field, since the root system is not injured.
- Prepare the soil in advance, which includes sod land, peat, sand, humus. You can buy ready-made seedling soil in the store. Any soil before sowing seeds is scalded with boiling water. You can add to the water how many crystals of potassium permanganate.
- To accelerate germination, seeds are soaked in water for 24 hours. The next day, they are slightly dried and placed in the soil by 1 cm. After watering, the planting containers are covered with cellophane and removed to a room with a temperature of 18-20 degrees.
- From time to time, the film is lifted and aired. If the ground is dry on top, water it.
- Seedlings appear in 2 weeks. After that, the film is removed and the seedlings are exposed to a well-lit window.
Important! If the seedlings were grown in a common container, then they will have to be transplanted into separate containers with soil of the same composition as when sowing seeds. This operation is planned when 2-3 true sheets appear.
In open ground, seedlings are planted after the onset of stable heat. By this time, Kvamoklit grows to 10-20 cm.Seedlings are planted, depending on the variety, at a distance of 35-50 cm.
Growing kvamoklite from seeds immediately in the open field
In the south, gardeners do not need to grow seedlings, since the weather conditions make it possible to obtain flowering cypress vines by sowing seeds directly into the ground. It is prepared in advance, preferably in the fall. But you can apply organic fertilizers in the spring, before digging the site.
Seeds are also soaked and sown at the end of April at a distance of 35-50 cm into moist soil. The seeding depth of the seed is 2-3 cm. To speed up the emergence, the area is covered with a film.
Caring for kvamoklite after planting
Morning glory Kvamoklit red is an unpretentious plant, planting and caring for it are simple. The plant does not require special attention to itself. Agrotechnical measures are traditional:
- watering and loosening;
- weeding and mulching;
- feeding and protection from pests.
The main activity that should not be forgotten is regular watering of the plantings. If there is no precipitation, then Kvamoklit is irrigated after 3 days. For one plant, 5 liters of warm, settled water is enough. To improve decorativeness and increase immunity in dry weather, morning glory must be sprayed.
After watering, the soil is loosened, weeds are removed. Any top dressing is combined with watering. To retain moisture and facilitate maintenance, the root zone is mulched with dry grass, peat, sawdust.
How to feed morning glory kvamoklit
If the soil was well fertilized before planting, then organic fertilizers can be used as top dressing. It can be infusion of green herbs (nettle and plantain), mullein. Complex fertilizers designed for flowers are also suitable.
Attention! Fertilizers with a high nitrogen content are not recommended to be used, since they start a rapid growth of green mass, and the formation of buds slows down.
Disease and pest control
Most often, morning glory Kvamoklit affects spider mites. First aid can be carried out without chemicals: apply cold water spraying after 3 days. If the pest infestation is serious, use chemicals.
To avoid yellowing of the leaves, indicating a low iron content, in addition to fertilizers, you can dig old rusty nails into the soil.
Application in the design of the site
Most often, Kvamoklit is used for landscape gardening. The plant is able to get along with many garden crops, including kampsis, wild grapes, ivy. The multicolored tubular stars of the morning glory are originally combined with the leaves and cones of hops.
Plants can be planted under deciduous trees, as morning glory can twine around the trunk. But most often Kvamoklit is planted around gazebos, arches or hedges are created.
Attention! With the help of climbing plants, you can hide any imperfections in the garden, create unique flower arrangements.
Morning glory Kvamoklit is an amazing plant that can be grown in a pot culture. In this case, lattices and rods will serve as supports.
Svetlana Gennadievna Sviridova, 34 years old, Novosibirsk.
I really like climbing plants. But I prefer the "Twinkling Stars" mixture. Buds of three colors bloom on one bed: white, red, pink. I plant plants around a trellised gazebo. No additional supports are required. Already at the end of June, my gazebo was braided with carved leaves. Morning glory begins to bloom at the end of July. Asterisks on long tubes delight the eye until the first frost. The seeds have time to ripen.
Victoria Andreevna Glazkova, 55 years old, Moscow region.
I am a big lover of flowers. At the dacha, I mostly have flower beds. Different morning glories are planted around the gazebo, at the porch of the house and at the fence. There is also Kvamoklit. But I plant it separately, since the usual morning glory has large leaves, they simply cover all the beauty of Kvamoklit. The plant does not require special care, the main thing is to water the flower beds in a timely manner. By the middle of summer, the walls of the house, fences and details of the gazebo are almost invisible. The carved leaves have beautiful white, red and pink buds in the shape of stars. All my acquaintances are simply amazed at the beauty of my morning glories.