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Chanterelles are healthy mushrooms valued for their easy preparation and nutritional properties. However, they have counterparts that are inferior to them in taste and useful qualities. Such mushrooms are called orange talkers. A photo and description of a false chanterelle will help distinguish them from other varieties. First of all, they study the appearance. False bellies are not hazardous to health, they can be used for cooking.
Are there false chanterelles
Chanterelle is a common type of mushroom that is found on the territory of Russia. The fruiting body consists of a cap and a stem, but they represent a single whole. There are no pronounced boundaries. The cap is concave, flat as it grows, it becomes funnel-shaped. The leg is dense, solid. The color of the fruiting body varies from light yellow to orange.
Chanterelles are prized for their rich composition and good taste. They never get worms and larvae. The pulp contains a substance that has a detrimental effect on insects. Mushrooms can be stored and transported without any problems. They contain amino acids, vitamins and other useful elements.
When hunting quietly in the forest, false counterparts are often found. These are mushrooms that look like a chanterelle in appearance. These include the Orange Talker and the Olive Omphalot. However, they do not taste so good and contain dangerous toxins. Talker is more common in the Northern Hemisphere. When eaten, it does not have a harmful effect, if you follow the processing rules. The most dangerous is the olive omphalot, which grows in warm southern climates. In order not to avoid poisoning, it is important to know the differences between these mushrooms.
What does a false chanterelle look like
In the scientific literature, red mushrooms, similar to chanterelles, are called orange talkers. Their caps ranging in size from 2 to 5 cm in a favorable climate grow up to 10 cm. In young specimens, the upper part has a convex shape, the edges remain curved. As it grows, the cap becomes flatter and more open. In adult representatives, it is funnel-shaped, with curved corrugated edges.
According to the description, the talker has an orange velvety surface. It stays dry under all conditions, gradually becoming rougher. The color of the false chanterelle is orange, with a yellow or brown undertone. In the center is a darker spot that becomes less noticeable with age. The edges of the cap are lighter, yellow, quickly fade to white.
The false chanterelle has private, powerful plates with ramifications. They are in descending order. The plates stand out against the background of a paler cap. Their color is yellow-orange. They will turn brown when pressed.
Important! The orange talker has no pronounced aroma. Its taste is rather unpleasant and hardly distinguishable.
A talker's leg is 3 to 6 cm long and reaches 1 cm in girth. Its shape is cylindrical, sometimes narrowing or bending towards the base. A distinctive feature of a false chanterelle is that the brighter coloration of the leg usually corresponds to the color of the plates. In young representatives of twins, it is homogeneous, as it grows, it becomes hollow.
The flesh of the false chanterelle is thicker in the central part of the cap. It remains thin at the edges. Consistency - dense, color - yellow or light orange. Inside the leg, the flesh is tough, reddish in color. Spore powder is white. The smooth spores of the fungus are elliptical in shape.
More about the false chanterelle - in the video review:
Where orange talkers grow
Chanterelle and false chanterelle grow in different parts of the forest. However, they prefer coniferous and mixed plantings, high humidity and warm conditions. The common chanterelle forms mycorrhiza with various trees - pine, spruce, beech, oak. The main ripening period is in early June, then from August to mid-autumn.
The orange talker is found on the forest floor. She does not need symbiosis with trees. The false chanterelle grows in deciduous and coniferous areas. Rotting wood and leaves become a food source. Often the yellow forest beauty is found in moss or near anthills. Mushrooms are harvested in the temperate climates of Europe and Asia.
The orange talker mushroom is actively developing after the rains. With increasing humidity and temperature, favorable conditions for growth are created. Fruit bodies are found near streams, lakes, rivers. In drought and after frost, the likelihood of meeting a false fox is lower.
The false chanterelle grows singly or in large groups. The mycelium bears fruit annually. Ripening begins in August and lasts until November. Most mushrooms are found in mid-August and September.
How to distinguish a false from an edible chanterelle
False chanterelles can be identified by a number of signs. Pay attention to the color, the shape of the cap and legs, and the smell. If you know the characteristic features of each mushroom, then you can easily find the difference between them.
The main differences between chanterelles and false chanterelles:
- The edible variety is more uniform in color: yellowish or orange. False - has a bright or light color, with copper, red, brown, ocher edges. In the false fox, the tone is paler, there are dark spots on the cap, in addition, there is a lighter edging.
- False species have thinner soft flesh. In this case, the plates are located more often. The flesh of the common chanterelle is firm and firm. It resembles rubber in structure.
- The cap of the common chanterelle is usually with ragged edges. In the false variety, it has a smoother shape.
- A real chanterelle has a thick leg, up to 3 cm in diameter. In a talker, it is thinner.
- False and real chanterelles differ in the structure of the fruiting body. In an edible species, it is a single whole. In a false fox, these parts are separated from each other.
- A real chanterelle always grows in groups. The false species is also found in large clusters, but there are also single specimens.
- Under pressure, the flesh of the edible mushroom turns red. In a false species, the fruit body does not change color when pressed. The exception is the plates, which turn brown.
- The common chanterelle is never wormy, unlike the orange talker.
- In the process of cooking, the flesh of the false double turns gray. Real chanterelles do not change color.
Advice! Another important difference between false and common species is smell. In a real chanterelle, it is more pronounced and pleasant.
The photo clearly shows common mushrooms and false chanterelles:
False chanterelles are poisonous or not
The orange talker was considered poisonous for a long time. Then it was included in the category of conditionally edible varieties. There is no consensus among scientists on this issue. It is nevertheless recommended to refuse to use the pseudo-mushroom if there is an increased sensitivity to mushrooms. Cases have been recorded when the talker caused an exacerbation of gastrointestinal diseases.
In many countries, the false chanterelle is considered inedible. In America, it is classified as a low quality mushroom. In France, it is allowed to use a gossip, but warn of possible eating disorders. However, the variety is considered edible in the UK. In addition, isolated cases of a hallucinogenic effect are known, which is caused by false foxes. However, no real confirmation of this fact has been received. Perhaps such a manifestation was caused by another double of the chanterelle - a hymnopil, or a fire rat.
Gymnopil is an orange chanterelle-like mushroom. It is of medium size and bright in color. Its cap is bell-shaped or flat, with a tubercle in the center. The color is uniform, yellow, brown or red. The leg is cylindrical, usually taking a curved shape. A thin ring is often left on it. The flesh, whitish or beige, tastes bitter. Because of this, the hymnopil is considered inedible. It contains substances that have a hallucinogenic effect.
Toadstools, similar to chanterelles, pose a great health hazard. This includes omphalot olive, growing in tropical climates. He is often found on the territory of the Crimea and the Mediterranean coast. Omphalot prefers dying wood and parasitizes oaks, olives and other deciduous trees.
Omphalot is distinguished from a real chanterelle by a hat measuring 4 to 12 cm. It is dense, fleshy, and outstretched. These are yellow mushrooms, similar to chanterelles, but with a brighter color. They also feature orange, red and brown colors. The plates, yellow or orange, descend rather low to the stem. They have a phosphorescent effect. The mushroom ripens in autumn, September or October. If ingested, it causes poisoning within 30 minutes.
Is it possible to eat false chanterelles
Orange talkers are allowed to be eaten. They are preliminarily cleaned of leaves, twigs and other forest debris. Then they are cut into pieces and immersed in cold water for 3 hours. The mass is boiled over low heat for 40 minutes.
Important! The broth that forms after heat treatment must be drained. It contains harmful toxins that have come out of the fruiting bodies.
Chanterelle twins are used in limited quantities. The norm for an adult is at least 150 g per day. False bellies are not recommended to be included in the diet for children, women during pregnancy and lactation.
What happens if you eat a false fox
The orange talker tastes significantly different from the common chanterelle. The false double has low gastronomic properties. Its pulp has no pronounced taste or smell. Sometimes there are unpleasant notes reminiscent of wood. The legs remain firm even after boiling.
If the mushrooms have been processed and cooked correctly, then they do not worsen the condition of the body. Lzhelisichki are not used in the presence of diseases of the stomach and intestines. An individual reaction is possible, which will lead to an exacerbation of diseases.
How to cook false chanterelles
After boiling, the false cheeks are used to prepare various dishes. They are added to soups, sauces, salad garnishes. Caviar and baking fillings are obtained from the mushroom mass. The product is combined with meat, potatoes, beans and various vegetables. After processing, the flesh of the false cheeks turns gray - this is a natural process that does not degrade the quality of the product.
False doubles are preserved for the winter. They can be pickled or pickled with salt, bay leaves, pepper and other spices. Boil the pulp first. Talkers go well with various mushrooms. They are often cooked together with chanterelles or russula.
Poisoning symptoms and first aid
Poisoning is possible with the use of orange talkers. It is caused by various factors:
- overeating in excess of the established norm;
- individual body reaction to the product;
- using old or stale false cheeks;
- violation of the technology and terms of storage of processed talkers;
- the pulp of the mushrooms has absorbed pollution from highways or industrial plants.
The main signs of poisoning are abdominal pain, vomiting, diarrhea, and weakness. When such symptoms appear, they call an ambulance. Before her arrival, the victim is washed with stomach, given activated charcoal and more warm liquids. Poisoning is treated in a hospital. The recovery period takes from several days to weeks.
A photo and description of a false chanterelle will help "quiet hunters" to easily distinguish it from other mushrooms. This variety is characterized by certain external features. It is also important to distinguish talkers from poisonous representatives. Lzhelisichki are used for food, they are cooked and canned. In case of poisoning, call a doctor immediately.