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Sedum is a prominent - unpretentious perennial, delighting the owners of the garden with its bright appearance until late autumn. Variegated inflorescences will be an excellent decoration for any flower bed or alpine slide, and the simplicity of planting and care will allow even a novice gardener to work with this culture.
Description of a prominent stonecrop
"Sedum prominent" is a perennial widespread in eastern China, Korea and Japan. He received the addition "prominent" due to his luxurious appearance and bright color.
The root of the plant is tuberous, has thickenings. The height of the central shoots is 35-80 cm. The stems are straight, powerful and fleshy. The leaves are gray-green, framed by a jagged edge, are arranged alternately on the shoot. The buds of "Sedum of the prominent" are collected in inflorescences up to 25 cm in diameter.
Fertilizers for sedum are applied 3-4 times a year
The plant is characterized by high survival rate. The culture can grow successfully in both mountainous and arid areas. "Sedum prominent" is frost-hardy, hardy and drought-resistant.
When and how the stonecrop blooms
Blossoms "Sedum prominent" from mid-July to the first frost (depending on the variety). A small compact bush is covered with multi-colored caps of flowers, so landscape designers often use it to create bright accents in a garden composition.
The color of the inflorescences depends on the variety. Most plants bloom in shades of pink. Fiery red and variegated varieties of sedum are noteworthy.
Types and varieties of prominent sedum with a photo
"Sedum prominent" is referred to as succulents. On its basis, many varieties have been bred, which are successfully used in home gardening and landscape design.
Stonecrop prominent Brilliant
The hybrid "Sedum of the prominent" - Sedum spectabile Brilliant was bred more than a century ago (1913). The main features are high (up to 50 cm) thickened stems and a developed root system. Leaves are fleshy, light green. It blooms in large fluffy inflorescences, muted pink and pale lilac shades. The color of the inflorescences "Sedum of the prominent" is uneven: pale at the edges and more intense closer to the center.
The diameter of the variety's caps varies between 22-25 cm
Sedum prominent Stardust
Low bushes "Sedum of the prominent" (40-50 cm) delight gardeners with inflorescences with small snow-white flowers. Outwardly, it resembles a snowdrift among a flower bed. Sedum spectabile Star Dust looks especially impressive with single plantings of bright irises.
Sedum spectabile Star Dust is often found in rockeries
The period of appearance of the first peduncles of the hybrid is the end of August. The peculiarity of the species is shade tolerance and frost resistance.
Sedum prominent neon
Sedum spectabile Neon is a moderately spreading shrub, reaching a height of 50-60 cm. Photophilous and drought tolerant. Speaking of the nuances, it is worth noting that the leaf plates of the "Sedum of the prominent" by the beginning of September can change the color from muted green to reddish.
Sedum spectabile Neon is often planted along the paths
This variety blooms in August-September. The caps of the inflorescences look like umbrellas of small "sharp" buds of a pale purple or pink color.
Sedum prominent Novem
The light-loving Sedum spectabile Novem takes on a brighter color in the sun. Blooms from June to September. It stretches strongly in low light conditions. The shoots are reddish. The leaf plates are dark green with burgundy blotches.
Inflorescence caps are pale pink. It is organic in terms of rocky and rocky compositions. Designers often use this hybrid to decorate ridges, decorate borders, and create carpet compositions.
Sedum hybride Novem blooms for about 40 days
Sedum prominent Karl
Sedum spectabile Karl are straight shoots and large oval leaves, the main function of which is to store moisture and nutrients. Blossoms "Sedum prominent" in August-October. Grows well in illuminated areas.
The dark pink inflorescences attract insects, especially butterflies. Gardeners often plant it in rockeries, decorate borders with it. A distinctive feature of "Sedum prominent" is frost resistance.
Sedum spectabile Karl grows well in soil with a small amount of humus
The name of the species in translation means "purple emperor". Sedum spectabile Purple Emperor got its name because of the leaves of an unusual reddish-purple color, which, when cultivated on the well-lit side, acquire a more saturated color.
The flowering period begins in the last decade of July. Inflorescences are large, lush, pink. The hybrid bush is one of the largest. Growth width - 80-90 cm.
Sedum spectabile Purple Emperor resistant to low temperatures
Sedum spectabile Matrona is distinguished by a red-pink color of inflorescences with a large "umbrella" size - 20-25 cm. Another feature is dense glossy leaves "framing" the caps and a long flowering period (until the first frost). The frost resistance of the hybrid is high.
Sedum spectabile Matrona is one of the most frost-resistant varieties
The name of the variety means "frosty morning" in translation. The height of the bush is small (up to 40 cm). Growth is moderate. Pastel green leaves with light edging are in harmony with snow-white or pale pink small flowers "Sedum of the prominent", collected in the caps of inflorescences. The beginning of the flowering period for Sedum spectabile Frosty Morn is the last decade of August.
Sedum spectabile Frosty Morn is often planted next to conifers for contrast
Dense "fleshy" stems, large brown leaves with light edging and pale pink inflorescences - this is Sedum spectabile Diamond Edge. The plant reaches a height of 40-45 cm, blooms from July to October. The diameter of the “caps” does not exceed 15 cm. The variety prefers open, sunny places and moderate watering.
Sedum spectabile Diamond Edge is used in the design of alpine slides
In bloom, this hybrid resembles its "brother" - Sedum spectabile Frosty Morn. The name comes from its appearance, which resembles small blocks of ice in the "sea" of light green foliage. Unlike most motley sedum Sedum spectabile Iceberg blooms with white buds, collected in "umbrellas". The flowering period is the first weeks of autumn. The average height of the bush is 35 cm.
Sedum spectabile Iceberg looks like snowflakes
Hybrid Sedum spectabile Red Cauli - it is tough erect shoots with gray-blue leaves and bright red small buds of inflorescences, collected in shields. Blooms "Sedum prominent" in the middle of summer (July). Despite the preference for sunny places, the hybrid shows good growth and development even in partial shade.
Sedum spectabile Red Cauli in mixborders is often combined with cereals and tall grass
Sedum spectabile Autumn fire
One of the brightest and most spectacular types of sedum. Sedum spectabile Autumn fire is a variety with gray-green foliage and carmine inflorescences with hints of copper. The hybrid is a real decoration of the garden, blooms for a long time and therefore is in demand among landscape designers. It does not require pruning before wintering, it tolerates frost well.
Sedum spectabile Autumn fire has a long flowering period
False sedum 40-45 cm high. Small fleshy variegated leaves harmonize well with the flowers of a pale pink or purple palette. The plant is ground cover, frost-resistant. Does not require frequent watering and prefers well-lit areas. The flowering period of "Sedum prominent" is July-August.
Sedum spectabile Variegata has good immunity, but does not tolerate stagnant water
Prominent sedum in landscape design
High drought resistance and frost resistance, as well as a bright and varied color palette, allow Sedum Vidnoy to take pride of place among the decorative means of landscape designers.
Sedum hybrids are used to decorate paths and borders, decorate lawns, flower beds, rockeries and alpine slides. To decorate the borders, tall varieties are used, which create the illusion of a compact living fence on the sides of the path.
In the conditions of rocky rockeries "Sedum Vidny" is the most organic, since such an environment is very similar to its natural habitat. When creating an alpine slide, ground cover or tall perennials are selected as neighbors for "Sedum Vidnogo".
Designers love to combine this plant with other types of succulents, planting them on hillsides and rocky areas. Due to the long flowering period, "Sedum Vidnyi" looks great both in spring and late autumn.
Reproduction of a prominent stonecrop
Sedum has a good adaptation. It takes root in most cases, it can multiply in a variety of ways: by dividing the bush, by seeds or by cuttings.
Propagation by cuttings is the easiest way to increase the number of bushes of this plant on the site. The best time for the procedure is July.
Cuttings of "Sedum of the prominent" are carefully cut and left to dry in a cool, not very shaded place. Then the prepared material is buried in the ground to a depth of 1-1.5 cm. Young plantings are shaded and watered with a small amount of water.
Transplanting seedlings rooted in the ground is carried out in the fall, before frost, no later than September. In winter, the aboveground part of a young plant dies off, while the root system remains working.
Sprouted cuttings are planted in May-June
With seed reproduction, the sowing of the material is carried out in the spring. For this, the seeds are planted in boxes filled with soil. Most often, gardeners use peat cardboard containers, which can be immediately dug into the ground. In this case, you can once again not disturb the root system of the plant.
For the emergence of the first shoots, "Sedum Vidniy" requires diffused lighting and heat. As soon as 1-2 leaves appear on the seedling, it can be dived. Sedum is planted at a distance of 25-40 cm from each other.
By dividing the bush
Another popular breeding method among gardeners is dividing the bush. A 5-year-old bush "Sedum prominent" is taken as a mother material, the rhizome of which is divided into 4 parts and planted in different places, after drying and processing with growth stimulants.
Planting and caring for a prominent stonecrop in the open field
Landing "Sedum of the prominent" is a series of simple procedures. However, their competent implementation and subsequent care will speed up the adaptation period and guarantee a bright and spectacular flowering of the bush.
The optimal time for planting "Sedum Vidnoy" is spring. At this time, most plants begin an active growth period. However, it is possible to transplant or divide the bush in the fall. The main thing is to be in time before the first frost. In the winter season, replanting "Sedum prominent" can only be done at home.
Site selection and soil preparation
Despite the unpretentiousness of the culture, "Sedum Vidny" is recommended to be planted in well-lit areas. The presence of a permanent shadow discolours the foliage and dulls the brightness of the inflorescences.
"Sedum prominent" grows well in sunny areas
The plant appreciates a nutritious loose soil that will provide air circulation and good moisture permeability. A good option is a self-prepared substrate from 1 part of river sand and compost and 2 parts of sod soil. When planting "Sedum prominent" in pots, it is necessary to form a drainage layer of expanded clay.
Important! Too dense soil will inhibit development and affect the decorative qualities of the plant.
Algorithm of landing "Seduction of a prominent" is the following list of actions:
- A soil or substrate of fertile soil and sand is placed in the container.
- Seeds of "Sedum of the prominent" are sown at a distance of 4-5 cm from each other.
- Without deepening, sprinkle on top with a thin layer of soil.
- Sprinkle with a little water and cover with foil or glass.
- The container is removed to the refrigerator (the temperature range should vary from 0 to +5 ° C).
- The plantings are aired daily for 40-45 minutes.
- After 2 weeks, the container is transferred to a room with an average temperature of + 18-20 ° C.
- After 15-30 days, you can observe the first shoots of the "Sedum of the prominent".
In the middle of spring, seedlings are picked.
The agrotechnics of culture is elementary and this is primarily due to the unpretentiousness and adaptability of the "Sedum of the prominent". Caring for a plant does not require a lot of time and effort.
Watering and feeding
Fertilization is not a vital necessity for the growth and development of Sedum Vidnoye. Feeding with organic matter in the spring will allow the plant to quickly gain green mass and go into active growth. However, an excess of fertilizer can lead to root rot and stagnation of water at the root system level.
In open field conditions, plants practically do not need watering. "Sedum prominent" can accumulate moisture both in the leaves and in the roots. The soil is moistened only if it is very dry. Moreover, abundant watering will lead to stagnation and decay of the root system.
Loosening and weeding
The first weeding is carried out a couple of weeks after planting "Sedum of the prominent", since it is difficult for a young crop to deal with weeds. It is recommended to loosen the soil before each watering procedure. This will allow moisture to reach the roots of the plant faster. It is possible to increase the permeability of the soil by adding river sand to the substrate.
Pruning of a prominent stonecrop
The trimming of the "Sedum of the prominent" is decorative in nature. When forming a bush, cut off too long and damaged shoots. Old and diseased stems are also removed. Pruning "Sedum of a prominent" is carried out only when the plant reaches five years.
Formation is carried out in spring or autumn. Another difference between Sedum prominent is the rapid growth of roots. The problem is solved simply: the space around the stonecrop bush is added dropwise.
Despite the frost resistance, in the northern regions "Sedum Vidny" is prepared for wintering. Anything above the growth points dies in severe frosts. In order for the plant to endure the cold as easily as possible, "Sedum Vidny" is cut off in the area of green shoots (no higher than 2 cm from the ground), and the rest is covered with any mulching material.
Sedum Vidnoy has high frost resistance
Once every 3-6 years "Sedum prominent" is transplanted. This is necessary to rejuvenate the culture. The transplant is carried out by means of cuttings or dividing the rhizome. Before that, the soil in the new place is fertilized with wood ash and diluted with clean river sand. The optimal time for the procedure is spring.
Diseases and pests
"Sedum prominent" has strong immunity to most diseases. An excess of mineral or nitrogen fertilizers can weaken its qualities, therefore, feeding the crop must be carried out very carefully.
Of the insects, the following species are the most dangerous for the "Sedum of the prominent":
- spider mite;
- green leaf roll.
In most cases, you can use insecticides such as Actellik, Prestige or Antichrushch. To combat powdery mildew and fungus, "Skor", "Horus" and "Maxim" are used. For the prevention of diseases of "Sedum Vidnogo" gardeners recommend the preparations "Match" and "Aktara".
Collection and storage of seeds
When self-collecting seeds of "Sedum of the prominent" for subsequent sowing, it is necessary to understand that they will not preserve the varietal characteristics of the parent crops. At the same time, collecting them is very simple.
To do this, you need to wait until the inflorescences are completely dry and, putting them in a paper envelope, shake them. The seeds of the "Sedum of the prominent" will easily separate from the fruits. Store the seed in the refrigerator for a year.
The healing properties of a prominent stonecrop
"Sedum prominent" has long been used in folk medicine as an anti-inflammatory, antineoplastic, regenerating and tonic agent.The juice from the plant promotes blood clotting and is a natural biogenic stimulant, surpassing even the well-known aloe vera in its properties.
With the help of the "Cleansing of the prominent" it is possible to improve the condition of the gastrointestinal tract
The broth is recommended for bronchitis and pneumonia, kidney and urinary system diseases. When combined with other means, "Sedum Vidny" has cleansing properties, removing toxins and other harmful compounds from the body.
Sedum is prominent - an unpretentious and persistent perennial, capable of bringing bright colors to the design of a personal plot, flower bed or garden for a long time. His agricultural technology and planting are simple, and a pleasant bonus is the medicinal properties of the plant, often used in the framework of traditional medicine.