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Harvest varieties of zucchini for central Russia

Harvest varieties of zucchini for central Russia


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Zucchini is one of the most common crops. They are grown in almost all Russian regions. Although, in general, these vegetables are unpretentious to care for, it is preferable to use zoned zucchini varieties for the middle lane, the Urals or Siberia.

The fruits are versatile in use: they are suitable both for cooking casseroles or salads, and for canning. They contain a number of essential vitamins and minerals, so they should be grown in your own garden.

The best and familiar varieties for the middle lane

The presented zucchini varieties differ in taste, color, fruit shape, ripening speed. Choosing the best variety is not always easy.

Important! Zucchini are thermophilic, and the degree of yield will depend on the climate in the region.

In the suburbs and other central regions, summer is quite long and hot. We can say that all varieties of zucchini grow and bear fruit here. Some have won the special sympathy of gardeners. You can read about them further.

Iskander F1

This variety - the fruit of Dutch selection - falls into many zucchini ratings. It belongs to the early maturing and gives a bountiful harvest. It has a slightly greenish flesh. Forms a powerful but compact bush. Resists most diseases. To feed the whole family with fresh zucchini, it is enough to plant only three bushes.

Cavili F1

This hybrid is known for its high yields. Forms a bush with small spotted leaves. Even if the fruits hang on the bush for a long time, the flesh remains tender. As a rule, the crop is harvested when the zucchini has grown to 300 g.

Genovese

A hybrid obtained by Italian breeders. The first harvest can be obtained in just 35-40 days. Russian breeders have adapted it to the climate of the middle zone. Produces a bountiful harvest, resists powdery mildew and bacterial diseases. It grows both in the greenhouse and in the open field.

White Bush

Danish early ripe hybrid, fruits can be obtained in 40 days. Zucchini are elongated, the skin is usually white, but young vegetables sometimes have a greenish tint. The pulp is creamy, has a sweetish smell.

Roller

One of the cold-resistant varieties. In the middle lane, they can be planted without seedlings. Even if the seeds are immediately sown in the ground, there is no need to be afraid that they will freeze slightly. The variety has a high yield, from one bush you can get up to 9 kg of zucchini. Also, the fruits have a dense skin, so they are well transported and can be stored for a long time.

Gribovsky

This zucchini was bred by breeders decades ago, but is still popular among gardeners. Fruits with a white skin, oblong shape, weighing up to 900 g. Since this is a variety, not a hybrid, you can leave some of the zucchini for seeds and plant next year. Up to 4 kg of harvest is harvested from one bush. The advantage of this variety is its unpretentiousness to growing conditions.

Amber

An early variety, fruiting begins 40 days after seed germination. It belongs to the most unpretentious varieties. Yields zucchini weighing up to 1 kg with light green skin and tender pulp. Even mature vegetables do not lose their flavor characteristics. Plants tolerate cold snaps, transportation. Versatile to use.

Round zucchini for lovers of original vegetables

To work in the garden brings new sensations, you can plant round zucchini. They look more like a pumpkin in appearance. At the same time, the taste of the fruit is characteristic of a squash. They are planted mainly in open ground.

Important! Due to their unusual shape, round squash is suitable for both cooking and decoration.

The following are the varieties most common in the middle lane that produce round fruits.

Ball

Refers to early maturing varieties. Fruits in the form of a ball, small in size, weighing up to 500 g. The skin is greenish, the flesh is white and juicy. For culinary purposes, very young zucchini are often used, the weight of which has reached 100-150 g. Such "balls" are convenient for stuffing or canning as a whole.

Orange F1

This variety is distinguished by small fruits - 200-300 g. They grow in the shape of a ball, the peel is bright orange. Zucchini are actively used in the preparation of various dishes and for pickling.

F1 Festival

The bush bears round-shaped fruits weighing about 600 g. These zucchini are distinguished by their original appearance: stripes of yellow, green, white and black shades alternate on the skin. Fruits in color and shape are more reminiscent of a decorative pumpkin.

Pear-shaped

This variety of zucchini cannot be called round, but due to the original shape - in the form of a pear - it falls into the list of unusual fruits. The peel is yellow, the flesh is reddish, dense and juicy. Vegetables are versatile to use.

Zucchini - differences from zucchini and common varieties

Zucchini is a type of zucchini that grows in the form of bushes, does not form a whip. The color of the peel can vary and be monochromatic - green or yellow - or variegated. The zucchini themselves, in contrast to the zucchini, are mostly white or cream in color. In this case, the flesh of colored vegetables will be white or light yellowish or greenish.

Of the zucchini in the middle lane, the following varieties are most common.

Zebra

Early ripening variety suitable for the middle lane. It takes only 30-40 days from the detection of seedlings to the appearance of the first harvest. Produces abundantly, female flowering prevails. The fruits are oblong in shape, the peel is dense, striped in color. Zucchini are well transported.

Tsukesha

Also one of the earliest varieties. It grows actively after transplanting into the ground. It tolerates minor cold snaps, which are possible in early spring. The peel is a deep green color, even if not harvested on time, it does not coarse.

The pulp of this zucchini is rich in sugars and contains a large proportion of dry matter, therefore it is often used for preservation. In the middle lane, the variety is grown both in open ground and in greenhouses.

Aeronaut

Since the bush of this variety does not give lashes, it is compactly located in the garden. The first fruits ripen 50 days after seed germination. The pulp does not have a pronounced sweetness, at the same time it is very tasty and juicy. The fruits grow up to 1.5 kg, are well transported. The plant is not resistant to viral diseases.

Parthenon

One of the novelties of the Dutch selection. Refers to parthenocarpic varieties that do not require pollination. The bushes will bear fruit regardless of weather conditions - both in extreme heat and in heavy rain. The fruits have a dark green skin, with small light blotches. The main advantages of the variety are high yield, taste, disease resistance.

Moor

Another early maturing variety that yields a harvest within 40 days after seed germination. It is considered one of the most fruitful among the zucchini, which are grown in the middle lane. The rind is dense, dark in color. The fruits themselves are elongated, grow quite large - up to 1.2 kg. They are excellently transported, resist bacteria, and persist for a long time.

We plant yellow zucchini in the middle lane

Yellow zucchini occupies a special place in the list of an experienced gardener. Young fruits of these varieties have a very delicate taste. They can be used for a wide variety of dishes and for preservation.

Yellow-fruited

The fruits of this variety, as the name suggests, have a rich yellow color. Refers to mid-season, bears fruit for a long period. Zucchini elongated with light ribbing. They reach marketable maturity, growing up to 700 g. But even a 2-kg zucchini will not lose its taste characteristics.

Zolotinka

One of the early ripening varieties. Fruits are oblong with smooth skin, weight up to 1 kg. They have a rich yellow color. The variety gives a bountiful harvest, a small bush. Plants are resistant to cold weather, resist powdery mildew.

Helena

Another variety that produces bright yellow zucchini. Plants resist diseases well, but are capricious in terms of light and moisture in the soil. Zucchini has a yellowish flesh with a pleasant, slightly sweet taste.

Yasmin

The hybrid was originally developed by Japanese breeders. Zucchini are oblong in shape, technical maturity occurs when they reach 20-25 cm. The peel is smooth, bright yellow, the flesh is light yellow, rich in carotene. Has a sweetish taste. The plant resists diseases and putrefactive bacteria. This hybrid is characterized by a long fruiting period - up to two months.

Golda

An early hybrid with a high yield. The best taste characteristics are retained in young zucchini with a length of 20-25 cm. But even the fruits lying on the garden bed are quite suitable for eating. Their length can already reach 50 cm, and their weight is 2-3 kg.

Zucchini pulp contains a large proportion of sugars and carotene. It has a creamy shade. The fruits tolerate transportation well, they are stored for a short time.

Gold Rush

The result of the work of Dutch breeders. It belongs to early maturing hybrids, the first harvest can be obtained in 45 days. The variety has a high yield. Zucchini of a small size, weighing about 200 g. The peel is smooth, bright orange, the flesh is creamy, juicy, with a pronounced sweetish aftertaste.

Conclusion

After reading about the different varieties of zucchini that grow in the middle lane, it can be difficult to decide. They differ in color, size, ripening rate and flavor characteristics. Several different bushes are worth trying. The most suitable will become permanent inhabitants of the beds. At the same time, many gardeners are interested in trying new varieties every season.


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