We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
The yellow-colored raincoat (Lycoperdon flavotinctum) is an edible mushroom of the fourth category. Included in the genus Raincoat, Champignon family. It is very rare, grows in small groups, more often singly. Fruiting periodically, not every year.
The fungus got its specific name because of its bright color.
Description of the yellow-colored raincoat
The color of the fruiting body distinguishes the mushroom from other members of the genus. Coloring can be all shades of yellow or orange. Fruits are small in size, spherical in shape, young specimens without a leg. In adults, a well-defined pseudopod appears up to 1 cm long, the shape becomes pear-shaped.
Yellow-colored raincoat with thick mycelium filaments
- The fruiting body is small: adult specimens do not grow higher than 3.5 cm, they reach 3 cm in width.
- At the beginning of growth, the peridium is covered with rounded protuberances and small thorns. Over time, under the influence of precipitation, part of the upper layer crumbles, the surface becomes smooth.
- The color is not monotonous, paler at the base, mature specimens brighten completely.
- Mycelium strands are thick, long, tightly attached to the base.
- Spores are located in the upper part, 1/3 of the fruiting body remains sterile.
- When they ripen, the upper part of the peridium cracks, opens up, and a rounded passage for ejection is formed.
- The pulp at the beginning of the growing season is white, as the spores mature, it turns yellow, then turns brown with a green tint.
- The structure of young specimens is dense, spongy; with age, it becomes loose, then in the form of a powder.
Important! The smell and taste of the yellow-colored raincoat is pleasant mushroom.
Where and how it grows
It is rare, grows in small groups or singly from mid-summer to late October. The main distribution area in Russia is a zone of temperate and temperate continental climate. They are found in the Moscow region, Siberia, the Far East and the Urals. Closer to the south, this species practically does not occur. Fruiting is unstable. Grows in forest glades, among low grass in mixed or deciduous areas.
Is the mushroom edible or not
The yellow-colored raincoat belongs to the category of edible mushrooms with a low nutritional value, it belongs to the fourth group. Fruit bodies are suitable for frying, cooking first courses. The raincoat is dried, processed for winter harvesting, and frozen. In cooking, young specimens with dense white flesh are used. Prepare in the same way as other edible raincoats.
Doubles and their differences
In appearance, it resembles a yellow-colored pseudo-raincoat ordinary. The double is inedible.
The mushroom is often found, fruiting - from August to frost. It differs from the yellow-colored raincoat in the following ways:
- the peridium is thick and hard, completely covered with dark brown, small and tight scales;
- the surface is lemon or ocher;
- the fruit body grows up to 6 cm in width and height, the shape is ovoid, resembles a tuber;
- the leg is absent, the filaments of the mycelium are thin and short;
- the color of the pulp is first white, then ink-black, at the site of the rupture of the shell for the release of spores, the pulp is red.
The common pseudo-raincoat has an unpleasant repulsive odor
The yellow-colored raincoat is a rare species with irregular fruiting. Edible mushroom with yellow or orange color. The fruit body is universal in processing, but only young specimens with white elastic flesh are suitable for gastronomic purposes.