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When the main seasonal work is left behind, the most urgent question is what flowers to plant in the fall in the country. During this period, annual and perennial plants are planted. If you need to get a blooming flower bed in spring, then daffodils, tulips, primroses and other primroses are planted in the fall.
Preparing the beds
Before planting flowers, you need to carefully prepare the soil. The flower garden grows on any type of soil, however, it is recommended to use fertilizers to improve its composition. The addition of peat, sand, humus will help to make the soil lighter, water and air permeable.
Advice! The land under the flower garden should be dug to a depth of no more than 40 cm. This will help get rid of pests that will die during the first cold snaps.
Before planting flowers in the fall in the country, you need to find a suitable place depending on the type of plants. Most flowers prefer open areas that are constantly illuminated by the sun.
The material is planted to a depth of 2-4 cm, large seeds can be lowered by 5 cm. After planting, you need to level the beds and water.
It should be borne in mind that in the spring, with the active melting of snow, the seeds can be washed off with melt water. Therefore, the crops must be covered with a small layer of peat or humus (up to 5 cm).
Benefits of autumn planting
It is recommended to plant flowers in autumn for the following reasons:
- An excellent opportunity to reduce the amount of summer cottage work in the spring, when you need to plant vegetables, prepare the soil and greenhouses. In the fall, after harvesting, you can think over the design of the future flower bed and pick up seeds.
- Seeds that remain in the ground for the winter are highly resistant. During the season, such flowers develop rapidly and are able to withstand many diseases.
- Flowers planted in autumn can survive cold snaps in spring, which are often detrimental to other plantings.
- After winter hardening, the flowers form a powerful root system that will help the plants get moisture and minerals.
- In autumn, the soil contains a sufficient amount of moisture.
- The flowering of such plants will begin earlier than when planted in autumn.
For planting in the autumn, annuals are chosen that are able to withstand winter and spring temperature drops.
Planting work begins at the end of November, when the soil freezes. Furrows are made on the beds beforehand. More seeds will be needed in the fall than for spring work. In the spring, planting must be thinned out.
Planting is allowed in mid-December, when the thickness of the snow cover is 20 cm. To do this, you need to trample the snow and spread the seeds in rows. From above, the seed is covered with soil, after which a layer of snow is poured.
Choice of colors
The following annual flowers are planted in the fall:
- Chrysanthemum. These flowers are planted at the end of September to allow them to take root. Be sure to choose seedlings that have several basal shoots. Chrysanthemum prefers sunny areas with loose, neutral soil.
- Mattiola. Seeds are planted outdoors in November. These colors require constant sunlight. Mattiola does not tolerate stagnant moisture well.
- Iberis. One of the most unpretentious annuals, which is planted in sandy or rocky soil. Iberis grows well in sunny places and in the absence of dampness. The plant does not require fertilization.
- Delphinium. For planting these flowers, a sunny area is suitable, where partial shade is allowed. Tall shoots of the plant can be damaged by strong winds, so a place is chosen under the trees or next to the wall of the house or fence.
- Alissum. This plant forms powerful shoots that branch out and cover the ground. Alyssum is unpretentious to soil and other conditions, however, it blooms best in open areas. When caring for these flowers, you need to monitor the level of moisture in the soil. In wetlands, the plant dies.
- Kosmeya. The planting of the cosmos is carried out after the soil freezes. Seedlings do not require additional fertilizing for germination. The plant is not demanding on the soil and tolerates drought well. Excessive watering negatively affects the development of cosmos.
- Godetia. The plant grows on loam, which is recommended to be dug up beforehand. In the spring, the soil needs loosening to accelerate the germination of godetia.
- Annual asters. The main question for novice gardeners is when to sow asters, the answer is simple, the ideal time for sowing seeds is in the second half of April or early May, but not earlier than the air temperature warms up to +10 degrees. For sowing, sunny areas with drained soil are chosen. In the fall, you need to add compost and humus. Caring for annual asters includes regular watering and loosening the soil.
- Eschsholzia. The plant prefers dry sandy soil and sunny areas. When planted in autumn, seeds are mulched with dry foliage. Escholzia watering is carried out only in severe drought.
- Lavatera. Seeds are planted in any kind of soil. In this case, the soil should be characterized by a loose structure. Lavatera is drought tolerant, however, moisture stagnation can be detrimental to it.
Perennial flowers should be planted at the end of October, when the soil begins to freeze. Planting is done in the same way as for annual flowers.
Choice of colors
The following perennials are best suited for autumn planting:
- Phlox. For planting, large plots are chosen, including at least two stems. Landing is done with a lump of earth. After choosing the necessary material, you need to cut the shoots to a height of 20 cm. Phlox grows well in the sun and in partial shade.
- Rudbeckia. The plant does not require special care, it is enough to produce moderate watering. Tall stems are tied to a support. Rudbeckia prefers sunny places with a fertile soil layer. Before planting, sand and compost must be added to clay soil. Rudbeckia grows well in partial shade.
- Lavender. One way to propagate lavender is to plant its seeds outdoors in the fall. For this, well-lit and sunny areas are chosen. With a lack of sun, plant development slows down. High humidity is also detrimental to lavender.
- Hellebore. A hellebore can grow in one place for 10 years. For planting, choose places under trees where there is moist, well-drained soil. Wells are pre-prepared, which are filled with compost.
- Gentian. Before planting gentian, the soil is fertilized with rotted leaves, coarse sand, wood ash and dolomite flour. The gentian prefers sunny areas where a little partial shade is allowed. The soil should be loamy and well-drained. The blue gentian flowers among the stones look especially impressive.
- Lupine. This flower is highly winter-hardy and able to grow in one place for 5 years. Soil for lupines should contain peat, sand and garden soil. Old tubers can be used as fertilizer as they contain a high nitrogen content.
- Bell. The plant grows in sunny areas or in partial shade. When the water is stagnant, the bell freezes in winter and slowly develops in summer. If the soil is heavy, then fertilize it with sand or humus before planting seeds.
- Heicher. The plant prefers partial shade that other flowers create. It is best to plant the Heuchera on the west or east side. If heuchera grows in the sun, then it must be constantly watered. The plant is distinguished by the most abundant flowering when planted in loose and fertile soil.
- Aconite. This flower is planted in the fall in the country in any soil, with the exception of stony and sandy. Excess moisture negatively affects the growth of aconite. For planting, areas under trees or other places where there is shade are selected.
- Aquilegia. Flowers tolerate partial shade well, so they can be planted next to shrubs. Aquilegia soil should be nutritious and loose. In hot weather, the aquilegia is regularly watered.
- Primrose. The plant propagates by seeds, which are placed in open ground in the fall. Planting is done in areas under trees or shrubs, where there is no direct exposure to the sun. The soil must remain nutritious and loose. If a rhizome is planted, then it is placed in the prepared holes along with a lump of earth.
- Lily. The bulbs are planted in September in a well-lit area in the morning. Plants burn out with constant exposure to the sun. Excessive moisture will cause the bulbs to rot.
Flowers for a spring flower bed
To get a richly flowering flower bed in the spring, it is necessary to plant plants in the fall. Most of the plants that bloom in spring are bulbous. Planting of bulbs begins at the end of September. Plants need about a month to root, which should take place before the onset of frost.
What flowers to plant in the fall in the country to get a blooming flower bed in the spring? The following primroses are planted in autumn:
- Hyacinths. Plants prefer loose, neutral soil. Peat and sand will help improve the composition of the soil. The bulbs are planted in rows, leaving about 15 cm between them.
- Crocuses. For crocuses, they select sunny places where there is no stagnation of moisture. The soil is prepared with the addition of river sand, compost, phosphorus and potash fertilizers. Landing is done at a depth of 10 cm.
- Tulips. These flowers prefer sunny areas, well sheltered from the wind, with sandy or neutral soil. Small bulbs are placed at a depth of 7 cm, while larger ones can be immersed to a depth of 15 cm. A distance of 10 cm is left between the plants.
- Daffodils. You can start planting daffodils in the second half of August. The main condition for planting is the temperature of the soil, which should not drop below 8 degrees. Flowers prefer loamy soil. On sandy soils, daffodils gradually degenerate and can freeze out in winter.
- Muscari. Plants should be planted in groups by the end of October. In spring, flowers require watering only at an early stage of the growing season. The composition of the poor soil is improved with compost or humus, which is introduced in the fall during digging of the earth.
In autumn, annual and perennial flowers are planted, the seeds of which are able to withstand winter frosts. Such plants are highly resistant and able to resist adverse conditions.
Planting work begins with the preparation of the soil that needs to be dug up. If necessary, fertilizers, river sand, peat, compost are applied. Seed planting begins after the soil freezes. Bulbous plants are planted before a cold snap sets in. Spring flowers take time to take root.