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Garlic: care in spring, top dressing

Garlic: care in spring, top dressing


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Almost all gardeners grow garlic. Those who have been cultivating for many years know perfectly well that feeding garlic in the spring is a mandatory procedure. It is difficult to grow a good harvest without it. Feeding a spicy vegetable is not so difficult, the main thing is proper care and the choice of the right fertilizer.

After feeding, the plant gains strength, builds up not only greens, but also a large head with many vigorous aromatic cloves. Therefore, you should not forget, and even more so neglect the spring feeding of the spicy culture. Our article is intended for novice vegetable growers, but we also think it will be interesting for the "oldies".

Types of garlic

Garlic can be planted before winter or early spring, as soon as the soil is ripe. The planting method also affects the name of the species - winter and spring.

The cloves, planted in autumn, germinate very early, releasing green feathers. Spring garlic is only planted at this time. Naturally, the ripening of these types of spicy vegetables occurs with a difference of almost a month.

The first feeding of garlic, regardless of whether it is winter or spring, occurs in early spring. The first dose of trace elements and nutrients is obtained from a well-fertilized garden.

Attention! The growth of green mass takes out some of the fertilizers, so the garlic must be fed.

Spring fertilization of garlic, like all the previous ones, is combined with regular watering.

Top dressing of both types of spicy vegetables is carried out three times in the spring. The first spring feeding of winter garlic is carried out immediately after the snow melts, and spring garlic after 3-4 feathers appear. The second time after 14 days. Third time in June when heads are forming.

What to feed

The question of what kind of fertilizers to feed garlic in the spring often arises among gardeners, especially beginners. It should be noted that in the spring you need to fertilize the garden bed with humus or compost well, add wood ash to the soil. If gardeners do not neglect mineral fertilizers, then ammonium nitrate (20-25 g) is applied for each square meter to stimulate the growth of green mass.

When carrying out the first spring feeding, a solution of urea (carbamide) is used. One tablespoon is enough for a ten-liter container. Pour 3 liters of urea on each square.

For the second time in the spring, garlic is fed with nitrophos or nitroammophos. When preparing the solution, you will need two large spoons for 10 liters of clean water. Garlic beds need 4 liters of this nutrient solution per square. This beneficial garlic fertilizer will feed the plants with phosphorus.

Top dressing of garlic beds in early spring with mineral fertilizers does not end there. Superphosphate is used for the third time. The working solution is prepared from two tablespoons of fertilizer per ten-liter watering can. This portion of the solution is enough for two square meters of garlic beds.

How to care for garlic in spring, you can learn from the video:

Top dressing by leaves

Top dressing of garlic and onions in spring and summer is carried out not only under the root, but also on the leaves. In other words, foliar plant nutrition is one of the principles of proper care. Vegetable feathers are able to receive trace elements through the green mass. You can use any mineral or organic fertilizers, only the solution needs a lower concentration.

Spray the spicy vegetable in the evening or early in the morning, before the sun rises. Foliar dressing is carried out twice during the growing season. But in order to get a rich harvest of garlic, so that a large number of cloves form in the heads, you do not need to give up root dressings.

Feathers turned yellow, what to do

Vegetable growers who started growing garlic for the first time have a question why the leaves turn yellow, despite leaving, how to cope with the problem. To return the plants to their previous appearance, you must first find out what is the cause. Most often, the leaves can turn yellow due to a violation of the technology of growing a vegetable, an attack of pests, or you simply forgot to feed the garlic in the spring.

If the plants were not fed in a timely manner, root or foliar dressing of garlic can be used to eliminate yellowed feathers. For root watering, 1 tablespoon of fertilizer per bucket of water.

Attention! For sprinkling garlic, the solution concentrate is half the size.

Saline solution

Watering the plants with a saline solution saturates the soil with sodium and chlorine. Add 3 tablespoons to 10 liters of water. Pour up to three liters of solution onto one square. Salt is not only a top dressing for garlic in spring, but also helps to get rid of onion flies, aphids, and lurking proboscis. Salt solution is also used in case of yellowing and drying of feathers.

Folk remedies

Many vegetable growers use the means proven by the people for feeding garlic: wood ash, ammonia, yeast nutrient mixtures.

Wood ash

Previously, our grandmothers used ash for almost all garden crops. When planting garlic, they added it dry before digging up the earth, poured it under the plants. Ash solutions for feeding were also widely used: 100 grams of ash were added to a ten-liter bucket, mixed well and poured into the grooves between plantings. Then they covered it with soil.

Important! The ash contains a large amount of trace elements necessary for the growth of a large head of garlic.

Ammonia

Planting garlic is treated with ammonia not only as fertilizer, but also as protection against pests. It contains ammonia with a pungent odor. It scares off pests, primarily the onion fly and the lurker. And the plants get the nitrogen they need. It is easily absorbed by plants, but does not accumulate in them. Therefore, the ammonia solution can be safely poured under the garlic or sprayed with it. Add 3 tablespoons of solution to a bucket of water. Such procedures can be performed several times per season.

Chicken droppings

Chicken droppings are often used for yellow feathers or stunted growth. It contains a large number of elements useful for plants:

  • cobalt;
  • boron;
  • zinc;
  • sulfur;

Chicken droppings will improve the structure of the soil, and beneficial bacteria will develop better in it. And this, in turn, will have a positive effect on the yield. In addition, watering your garlic beds with chicken droppings in early spring will help your plants cope with temperature extremes.

One part of the droppings is poured with 15 parts of water and left to ferment. So that the unpleasant smell does not interfere with working in the garden, it is better to cover the container. The finished solution will turn dark. Add 1 liter of infusion to a bucket of water.

Warning! The proportion must be maintained so as not to burn the leaves.

Spring feeding of garlic with chicken droppings accelerates plant growth.

Yeast feeding

Meals for spicy vegetables can be made with wet or dry yeast. The main thing is not to overdo it, otherwise the effect may be negative.

Yeast (10 g), sugar (5-6 large spoons), chicken droppings (0.5 kg), wood ash (0.5 kg) are added to a ten-liter container. Fermentation lasts no more than two hours. The resulting composition is added one liter per ten-liter bucket and watered at the root.

Attention! Chicken droppings and ash are optional.

Let's sum up

Garlic planting care is not that difficult. Of course, novice gardeners will have to work hard, study useful materials. The main thing is to remember that you need to comply with agrotechnical standards.

Plant nutrition during the growing season should be not just the norm for gardeners, but a duty. Only in this case can you get large heads of a spicy vegetable.


Watch the video: 5 Pepper Growing Mistakes to Avoid (January 2023).

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