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California is considered the birthplace of the remontant strawberry Diamant. It was there that the variety was bred by university specialists. On the territory of Russia, strawberries have spread among many gardeners from different regions. Strawberry Diamant became famous for its taste, high yield, and quick adaptation to climatic conditions.
The main characteristics of the variety
An overview of Diamant strawberries, a description of the variety, photos, reviews of gardeners, let's start with the characteristics of the culture. The remontant strawberry belongs to the group of large-fruited crops. The berries grow in a conical elongated shape. The skin is shiny, bright red. In technical maturity, it has an orange tint. The berry weighs about 32 g, but it all depends on the growing conditions. Ripe diamond fruit is dense. Light red pulp accumulates a large amount of sugar, but does not differ in juice saturation. Thanks to such indicators, the crop can be transported over long distances.
Important! For processing strawberries, Diamant is used very rarely because of its low juiciness and light pulp.
The strawberry variety Diamant has three main advantages:
- high productivity;
- presentation of berries;
- good taste.
Continuing to consider the garden strawberry Diamant, a description of the variety, photos, reviews, it is worth paying attention to the plant itself. Strawberry bushes grow sprawling, tall with large leaves. The inflorescences are firmly held on the peduncle and protrude above the level of the foliage. With the onset of an active fruit ovary, the formation of a whisker occurs. Diamant strawberries are grown in open and closed ground. Strawberries bear fruit well in flower pots suspended from planters.
Important! The Diamant variety is rarely affected by leaf spot, mildew, and also resists spider mites.
To grow a variety of remontant strawberries Diamant, you need to know the peculiarities of crop care. Strawberries are resistant to diseases and pests, but not as much as common garden strawberries. Additionally, the crop is very sensitive to soil composition and irrigation frequency. Because of these features, gardeners have to follow the following care rules:
- Regular watering of Diamant strawberries is carried out only with warm water. For this, a large storage tank is placed on the site. Watering is best early in the morning or late in the evening.
- Loosening of the soil is mandatory after rain or every watering. When the roots are visible, the strawberries are hilled.
- Weeds should not grow between bushes and between rows. Weeding regularly will get rid of diseases and get a good harvest.
- Strawberry Diamant responds well to soil mulching. A layer of sawdust, peat, pine needles or straw will prevent moisture from evaporating during drought, and also free the gardener from unnecessary weeding.
- Diamant strawberry loves root dressing and leaf. Strawberries respond well to manure and poultry droppings. For spraying on a leaf, infusions of herbs, for example, nettle, are prepared.
- Strawberry plantations Diamant must be subjected to preventive spraying. Usually gardeners use copper oxychloride or fungicides.
- In the fall, after harvesting, the foliage is cut from the strawberries. Sick, as well as weak bushes, dig up and discard. Bare roots are piled up, a thick layer of mulch is scattered. For the winter, they are covered with spruce branches or non-woven fabric.
If you look closely, there is nothing complicated and new in caring for Diamant strawberries. Standard requirements must be followed, as with most other strawberry varieties.
Planting and breeding features
Continuing the review of Diamant strawberries, descriptions of the variety, photos, reviews, we will consider ways of propagating culture. Gardeners are used to growing mustache strawberries. If the Diamant variety does not grow at home and there is no place to buy seedlings, the only option to start a crop in your garden is to purchase seeds.
Diamant strawberries will grow on any soil, but the amount of harvest, size and taste of berries depend on its composition. The variety loves light soil. The optimal acidity index is from 5.0 to 6.5.
Growing strawberries from seeds occurs in the following order:
- For sowing strawberry seeds, prepare containers with a height of about 8 cm. Any boxes, glasses, flower pots are suitable. When grown in a common container, seedlings will have to be dived before planting.
- It is better to buy a substrate for sowing strawberry seeds in a store. The soil mixture is disinfected from harmful microorganisms and has all the nutritional supplements. When self-preparing the substrate, take 3 parts of sand and 5 parts of humus. You can use compost, peat or, in the worst case, ordinary soil from the garden.
- The containers prepared for sowing are disinfected with a steep solution of manganese. A drainage layer is laid at the bottom. Any small stones will do. A soil mixture for strawberries is poured onto the drainage and slightly moistened with a spray bottle.
- In each cup, 1-2 pieces of Diamant strawberry seeds are placed on the surface of the soil. Grain grooves are not made. The seeds are simply pressed into the ground with your finger. It is also not necessary to crush it from above with earth. If the sowing of strawberries of the Diamant variety is carried out in a common container, then the seeds are thrown in bulk.
- After the end of sowing, the soil from above is moistened again from the sprayer. Crops are covered with foil or transparent glass. Airing is done daily, raising the shelter for a short time. When the soil dries up, a sprayer is used to moisten.
If you come across high-quality Diamant strawberry seeds, then at an ambient temperature of +20aboutSeedlings will appear in 1-2 weeks. After pecking the sprouts, the film is removed from the crops. If necessary, picks begin the procedure after the appearance of two full-fledged sheets.
Advice! The process of hardening crops has a positive effect on the growth of strawberry seedlings. Immediately after sowing the seeds, the containers are taken out into a cold room for two days with an air temperature of + 7 ° C. After hardening, the boxes are returned to a warm room.
Gardeners determine the time of sowing strawberry seeds individually according to the weather conditions of the region. However, strawberry seedlings do not outgrow as some garden crops, so you can sow from January to March.
At the time of planting seedlings, strawberries should form at least two strong leaves. With the onset of heat, diamond seedlings are planted in the garden. A distance of about 30-50 cm is maintained between the seedlings. After planting and watering all the strawberries, the soil surface in the garden bed is covered with mulch.
Any strawberry, especially large-fruited varieties, needs feeding. The procedure should be regular and dosed. The best fertilizer is a solution of poultry manure or manure. The most useful is considered to be dung from chickens, and cow dung.
A good feeding for strawberries is watering with an infusion of freshly cut grass. Organic dressings must be alternated with the introduction of minerals. Usually saltpeter or special complexes for berry crops are used. In small quantities, ash is poured under the bushes. In addition to feeding, organic matter prevents the reproduction of pests.
Important! An increased dose of top dressing can burn the strawberries or cause increased foliage growth. The fattening bush will bring little harvest.
Disease and pest control
Concluding the review of the description of the strawberry variety Diamant, it is necessary to dwell on the problem of diseases and pests. Most often, strawberries are destroyed by leaf beetles, strawberry mites or nematodes. Pests and pathogens can spread with purchased seedlings. Before planting, the seedlings are poured over with hot water. Onions or garlic scare away pests well from strawberries. Marigolds can be planted next to the garden bed.
Gray rot is very dangerous for remontant strawberries. The disease is more often observed in beds with dense planting of bushes. Weed grass is also a rot distributor. Keep the strawberry bed clean and well-ventilated. A free passage is arranged between the bushes. In the spring, darkened and frozen leaves are removed. Preventive treatment with fungicides helps well against gray rot.
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Despite the slight difficulties in growing and care, gardeners' reviews of strawberries Diamant are more inclined towards the positive side.
I have been growing remontant varieties of strawberries for six years. I really like diamond in terms of large-fruited. The berries are sweet, not hollow, but there is one drawback - little juice. Fruits are good for decorating cakes and use for pastry baking. The jam is good. Care is needed as usual, as with any strawberry.
The Diamant variety was grown from seeds. Strawberries are large, subject to good feeding and low thickening. You need to cut off the mustache in time. The berries are sweet, aromatic. They don't go for juice. You can eat fresh, cook compote or jam.