Advice

Pickled cucumbers with fermentation (stray, fermented) for the winter: the best recipes for a 1, 3-liter jar


Crispy fermented cucumbers for the winter in cans are a fragrant snack that allows you to diversify the menu when fresh vegetables are not available. They are a traditional harvest in Russia and Germany, more useful than pickled with vinegar. Herbs and roots allow diversifying the taste and smell, the main of which are dill, horseradish, black currant leaves.

Pickled cucumbers are delicious and much healthier than pickled ones

Salting and fermentation

Some people think that pickled and fermented cucumbers are made in different ways. But their preparation is based on one process - lactic acid fermentation.

The second name is not as widespread as the first, but arose, probably, due to the replacement of barrels with glass jars with a capacity of 1 and 3 liters. There fermentation processes are more noticeable, especially if vegetables are cooked in an ordinary living room.

When greens are made in barrels, oxidative reactions occur slowly. After laying the cucumbers, the container is left in a warm place for 1-2 days so that fermentation just begins, but does not enter the active phase. Then immediately transferred to a cool place. If they are left at normal temperature, the process will be stormy, and not all greens will be salted equally.

Cucumbers fermented in jars for the winter are prepared quickly. They are usually left in a warm place until the reaction is complete or stopped artificially so that the greens are not peroxidized at too high a temperature. Cucumbers are cooked in summer.

The jars are not closed with lids until the fermentation process stops. The containers are placed in deep bowls or basins so that the foam does not stain everything around, collect it as needed, first - several times a day. To prevent midges attracted by seductive odors from getting into the jar, the necks are covered with gauze or other fabric that allows air to pass through well.

Rules for pickling cucumbers by fermentation

Sometimes cucumbers come out tasteless, although the hostess tried them at a party and received the recipe first-hand. Of course, it happens that women keep the family secrets of salting. But usually the reason for failure is the wrong ingredients, sequence of actions, or other subtleties that are rarely paid attention to.

Important! Fermented cucumbers can turn out to be tasteless only because of salting in poor-quality water.

Selection of cucumbers

It is widely known that cucumbers must be fresh, and that those purchased at the market or in a store must be soaked in cold water before salting. But that some varieties are unsuitable for blanks, not everyone knows:

  1. The best fermented cucumbers are obtained from varieties with a "Russian" shirt - large rare pimples and black thorns.
  2. The "German" shirt is more suitable for pickling. But it is also suitable for salting. Cucumbers are distinguished by small, frequent pimples with black spines.
  3. Zelentsy with white thorns are best eaten fresh. They can be used in winter salads. As a last resort, make lightly salted cucumbers. But you need to eat them right away. The fruits become soft as soon as they are completely salted.
  4. Cucumbers with a smooth skin without pimples are eaten fresh. They are not suitable for blanks.

Important! For pickling, choose fruits of medium size, 10-12 cm long and up to 5.5 cm thick. Old gherkins or gherkins that are starting to turn yellow are best used for other blanks.

For pickling, fruits with rare large pimples and black thorns are best suited

Salting spices

It is wrong to assume that the more spices you put in a jar, the tastier the workpiece will be. In everything you need to know when to stop. Those who do not believe can cram as many greens into one jar as there are basic ingredients. Perhaps someone will consider them tasty, but most people will refuse to eat such fruits.

For all recipes for salted cucumbers by fermentation, traditional spices are:

  • salt;
  • dill;
  • black currant leaves;
  • horseradish root and greens.

Strictly speaking, there is enough water and salt for pickling in jars. The rest of the spices are added to add strength and aroma. Previously, cherry leaves were on this list, but now they are rarely remembered.

Additional ingredients include:

  • tarragon (tarragon);
  • hot red pepper;
  • thyme;
  • Bay leaf;
  • mustard;
  • black peppercorns.

Almost all aromatic herbs can be used. The main thing is to observe the measure, otherwise the preparation will knock out the taste and olfactory receptors.

Why cucumbers don't crunch

Garlic should be mentioned separately. For fermented cucumbers, it has become a traditional spice. But how rarely do they get crispy! Many housewives remember grandmothers with a sigh and assure that modern cucumbers are “not the same”. And the reason is in the garlic. It is he who makes the greens tasty, aromatic and soft. Grandmothers, if they wanted to make the cucumbers stronger, put horseradish root into the blank, not garlic.

Tips and Secrets

Water for fermented cucumbers should be taken from well or spring water. The liquid that flows from the tap in city apartments cannot be used. Better to buy bottled water. And bring it to condition by adding a tablespoon of calcium chloride for every 3 liters. This will make the water hard.

You cannot use a soft one for barrel cucumbers, the rules for cans with a capacity of 1 or 3 liters are more loose. But the preparation will turn out to be much tastier, and the pharmaceutical preparation is inexpensive.

In addition to carefully choosing water, spices and fruits, you need to adhere to these rules:

  1. Only rock or sea salt is taken.
  2. Fruits are placed in a jar vertically, "standing". When there is room on top, several fruits are placed flat.
  3. If fermented cucumbers are salted for the winter, the ends cannot be cut off. This speeds up cooking, but shortens the shelf life, makes the fruit softer.
  4. When soaking not too fresh greens, it is good to add ice cubes to the water.
  5. It is better to take dill old, with an empty stem and large umbrellas that have begun to turn brown.

Important! You can salt cut-off cucumbers, but it is advisable to eat it before the New Year or even earlier. And they will not crunch.

If you cut off the tips of cucumbers when pickling, they will not crunch and be stored for a long time.

The classic recipe for fermented cucumbers

Of course, the classic recipe for crispy stray cucumbers for the winter should be cooked in barrels. Now you can buy a not too large container, which is easy to knead even in a city apartment.

Ingredients for a 10 liter tub or barrel:

  • cucumbers in a "Russian" shirt - how many will fit;
  • black currant - 30 leaves;
  • dill - 5-6 old hollow stems with umbrellas beginning to ripen;
  • horseradish - 5-6 leaves;
  • rock salt - 2 tbsp. l. with a slide for 1 liter of liquid;
  • water.

For pungency, you can add 3-5 pods of red hot pepper, and for strength - a peeled and chopped or grated piece of horseradish root.

Preparation:

  1. Wash cucumbers with black, rarely located large pimples, cover with ice water for 1-2 hours.
  2. Rinse the herbs. Dill and horseradish leaves can be cut into large pieces or simply broken.
  3. Place some of the greens on the bottom of the prepared barrel. Lay the cucumbers flat.
  4. Place the remaining seasonings on top, or layering the fruits. Cover with cold brine.
  5. Seal the barrel and send it to a room with a temperature of 6-7 ° C for a month and a half. Then you can eat pickles.

Adaptation of the classic recipe for glass jars

But even the smallest barrel does not always have a place in a city apartment. And the low temperature can be provided only in winter on the balcony. And the preparations are made in the summer, at the same time intensive fermentation takes place, which is contraindicated for barrel cucumbers. Even villagers living in houses built several decades ago do not always have a cold cellar or basement.

You have to preserve fermented cucumbers in small glass jars and adapt the recipes to them.

Sometimes the hostess finds a description of the process of cooking vegetables in tubs or barrels, but she does not know how to make it in 1-3-liter jars. There is nothing complicated about it.

The next 4 points are devoted to adapting the classic pickle recipe to glass containers. Their taste will differ slightly from the barrel ones.

Fermented cucumbers: recipe for a 3-liter jar

If you simply divide the ingredients proportionally, cucumbers may not work. In cans and barrels, their preparation, although slightly, is different, there are certain subtleties.

Ingredients:

  • cucumbers - 1.7 kg;
  • horseradish leaf - 1.5-2 pcs.;
  • water - 1.5 l;
  • salt - 2 tbsp. l .;
  • black currant leaf - 7 pcs.;
  • dill - 1 old stem;
  • bitter pepper - 1 pod;
  • a piece of horseradish root.

If we compare recipes for how to salt fermented cucumbers for the winter in barrels and cans, it is easy to see that the amount of products is not always reduced proportionally. It should be so. Fast fermentation occurs at high temperatures. Less salt and herbs are required.

Preparation:

  1. Sterilize jars and lids.
  2. Soak cucumbers in cold water for 1-2 hours.
  3. Boil and cool the brine completely. Or stir well - the salt should dissolve. Fermentation is fast. If the preservative lies on the bottom, the cucumbers may become soft even before the salt is completely dissolved, and there is already less of it than in barrels.
  4. Rinse greens, chop coarsely. Immediately put a part on the bottom of the jar.
  5. Place the cucumbers vertically in a container. Place the rest of the greenery on top. Pour with brine.
  6. Place the jar in a deep, wide saucepan or bowl. Cover with gauze. Collect and remove foam as needed.
  7. When fermentation enters a calm phase, close the jar with a lid and put in a cool place. After a month, the cucumbers are ready.

Fermented cucumbers: 1 liter jar layout

The sequence of cooking cucumbers fermented in one-liter jars is the same as for containers of 3 liters. The layout is as follows:

  • cucumbers - 0.5 kg;
  • horseradish - 1 sheet;
  • red hot pepper - 1 small pod or large piece;
  • water - 0.5 l;
  • salt - 2 tsp;
  • black currant - 3 leaves;
  • dill - 1 umbrella;
  • a small piece of horseradish root.

It is not necessary to choose too large greens for pickling in liter jars. Otherwise, only a few pieces will fit into the container.

Fermented cucumbers under a nylon lid for the winter

This is one way to seal cold salted vegetables. When the fermentation process becomes almost invisible, the outside of the jar is rinsed. Remove the remaining foam from the neck with a clean cloth. Add cold brine if necessary.

The nylon cover (leaking) is poured over with boiling water. Close the jar. Put away for storage in the coolest place. At high temperatures, the fermentation processes will continue, and the cucumbers may oxyderate.

Important! Some housewives drain the brine and boil. The cucumbers and greens are washed. When capping with nylon caps, this is not recommended.

Fermented cucumbers for the winter under iron lids

To keep the workpiece better, some housewives prefer to close the cans with tin or screwed metal lids. They drain and boil the brine, immediately return it to the container. Cucumbers are rolled up.

Here it must be remembered that the fermentation processes, although slowly, continue in a warm room. If there is no cold cellar or basement, tin lids are likely to swell, even after boiling. The nylon ones will slowly release fermentation products, and the workpiece will remain intact.

It is not recommended to take the contents out of the cans in order to rinse it, and sterilize the container. But some housewives do it. The taste deteriorates from this, and in general the workpiece may be spoiled. Together with the ugly sediment, preservatives covering fruits and greens are washed off.

Cucumbers can be rinsed right before serving. If you do not put a jar in front of the guests, but use any saucer or plate for its intended purpose, everything will be beautiful.

Crispy fermented cucumbers for the winter

To make the cucumbers crunchier and stronger, you can add vodka to the brine. But they do it just before closing the can. Alcohol serves as an additional preservative and stops fermentation processes.

Ingredients for a 3L can:

  • cucumbers - 1.7 kg;
  • black currant - 7 leaves;
  • dill stalk without root with an umbrella - 1 pc .;
  • vodka - 75 ml;
  • salt - 2 tbsp. l .;
  • horseradish leaves - 3 pcs.;
  • water - 1.5 l.

Preparation:

  1. Wash greens and cucumbers. Chop horseradish leaves and dill into large pieces.
  2. Sterilize and refrigerate jars. Put some of the greens at the bottom. Fill the container with cucumbers, placing them vertically. Place the rest of the greenery on top.
  3. Cover with cold brine. Remove fermentation products regularly. When it stops, pour in vodka, close a nylon lid scalded with boiling water.

Important! Alcohol should be added just before the can is closed.

Stray cucumbers in jars for the winter with horseradish and dill

Horseradish leaves and dill are almost always added to cucumbers. This is one of the simplest recipes that will appeal to people who do not like the smell of black currant, even in blanks.

Ingredients per liter jar:

  • cucumbers - 0.5 kg;
  • horseradish leaf - 0.5 pcs.;
  • dill umbrella - 1 pc.;
  • salt - 2 tsp;
  • water - 0.5 l.

Preparation:

  1. Small elastic cucumbers are washed and soaked in cold water.
  2. At the bottom of a sterile jar, an umbrella of dill and half of a chopped horseradish leaf are placed.
  3. Cucumbers are placed vertically in a container. Place the remaining greens on top.
  4. Pour in cold brine. Cover with gauze. Fermentation products are regularly removed. When it dies down, rinse the outside of the can, wash the neck. Seal with a scalded nylon lid.

Fermented pickled cucumbers: recipe with cherry and currant leaves

Cherry leaves are rarely added to pickles now, but few old recipes could do without them. The main thing here is not to shift the spice. Cherry leaves, although they make the taste play with new notes, in large quantities can spoil the workpiece. Currants can not be spared.

Ingredients for 1 liter can:

  • cucumbers - 500 g;
  • black currant leaf - 3 pcs.;
  • salt - 2 tsp;
  • dill - 1 umbrella;
  • cherry leaf - 1 pc.;
  • water - 0.5 l;
  • horseradish - 0.5 leaves.

Preparation:

  1. Put greens in a sterile jar.
  2. Place washed cucumbers vertically on top and fill the container with brine.
  3. When fermentation subsides, drain the liquid, boil, immediately return to the jar. Roll up with a sterile tin lid.

Stray cucumbers for the winter with garlic

If you add garlic when pickling, the cucumbers will not crunch and will become softer. This spice is intended for pickling and hot pouring, not cold fermentation. But for many, a specific taste and aroma are more important than crunch and tough greens. This recipe is for them.

Ingredients for 3 L capacity:

  • cucumbers - 1.7 kg;
  • horseradish - 2 leaves;
  • garlic - 2-3 large cloves;
  • dill - 1 old stem with an umbrella;
  • black currant - 7 leaves;
  • horseradish root - a small piece;
  • red hot pepper - 1 small pod;
  • salt - 2 tbsp. l .;
  • water - 1.5 l.

Preparation:

  1. Wash cucumbers and herbs under running water. Soak vegetables if necessary. Peel the garlic and horseradish root.
  2. At the bottom of a sterile jar, put part of the herbs, garlic, a whole pod of hot pepper, chopped horseradish root at random. Place the cucumbers in a container vertically. Pour the remaining spices on top. Cover with cold brine.
  3. Cover with gauze. Remove foam regularly. When fermentation is over, seal with a nylon lid.

Fermented cucumbers in tarragon jars

Tarragon or tarragon is a spice that is not always put into cucumbers. The plant belongs to the genus Wormwood, has a strong specific taste and aroma. The seasoning is especially popular in France.

The smell of dry and fresh tarragon is noticeably different. Use them correctly in different dishes. When pickling cucumbers, take freshly plucked green twigs.

Important! Tarragon is not recommended for people trying to curb their appetite. It enhances the activity of the endocrine glands, including, increases the production of gastric juice.

Ingredients per 1 L can:

  • cucumbers - 500 g;
  • horseradish leaves - 0.5 pcs.;
  • tarragon - 2 branches about 10 cm long;
  • salt - 2 tsp;
  • vodka - 25 ml;
  • water - 500 ml.

Preparation:

  1. First put greens in a clean jar, then cucumbers. Pour with brine.
  2. Add vodka before capping.

Cucumbers fermented in sugar-free jars

Sugar is not needed when salting cucumbers. Recipes with it were invented recently and accelerate the fermentation process. It makes sense to use a sweetener in the cold summer, when pickles are cooked in the country, and they need to be made as quickly as possible.

The proposed recipe is used more often for lightly salted cucumbers. But you can also do winter harvesting this way. People who do not like the smell of spices will appreciate it.

Ingredients per liter jar:

  • small cucumbers - 500 g;
  • water - 500 ml;
  • salt - 1 tbsp. l.

Preparation:

  1. The cucumbers are washed, if necessary, soaked in cold water. Vertically stacked in a jar.
  2. The salt is dissolved in water. Pour cucumbers. Placed in a place protected from the sun. Regularly change the cloth to a clean one, collect the foam.
  3. When fermentation becomes almost imperceptible, drain the brine. Boil. Returned to the bank.
  4. Close with a nylon lid.

Stray cucumbers in a cold way

All recipes in which the brine is not boiled before closing the jar can be considered cold cooked. This is how especially tasty, crunchy cucumbers are obtained.

This cooking method is designed specifically for those who like to experiment, without dill and currant leaves, but with fragrant thyme. Hot pepper and horseradish root will give additional strength to the workpiece.

Ingredients for a 3 liter can:

  • cucumbers - 1.7 kg;
  • horseradish leaves - 1 pc .;
  • savory or thyme - 5 branches;
  • salt - 2 tbsp. spoons;
  • horseradish root - a small piece;
  • hot pepper - a small pod.

Preparation:

  1. Put herbs, pepper and horseradish root at the bottom of the jar. Place the cucumbers vertically in the container. Pour with brine.
  2. When fermentation is over, close with a nylon lid.

Spicy stray cucumbers in jars for the winter: a recipe with chili peppers

Many pickle recipes include red hot peppers. But if you put a lot of it, the fruits will become "thermonuclear". This recipe will surely be appreciated by guests when drinking spirits. The next morning, cucumbers cooked with chili will help relieve hangover symptoms.

Ingredients for a 3L can:

  • cucumbers - 1.7 kg;
  • horseradish - 2 leaves;
  • dill - 1 adult plant with an umbrella, without a root;
  • salt - 2 tbsp. l .;
  • chili pepper - 1-1.5 large pods;
  • black currant - 7 leaves;
  • water - 1.5 l.

Preparation:

  1. Wash cucumbers, if necessary, soak in cold water. Rinse the greens. Cut the pepper into pieces without removing the seeds.
  2. Put pepper and herbs on the bottom of the jar. Put cucumbers on top. Cover with cold brine.
  3. After the end of fermentation, close with a nylon lid.

How to close stray mustard cucumbers for the winter

Mustard will give the cucumbers additional strength, subtle specific taste and aroma. True, the brine will be cloudy, especially if you use powder, but the fruits can be washed before serving.

Ingredients per 3 liter container:

  • cucumbers - 1.7 kg;
  • black currant leaves - 5 pcs.;
  • garlic - 2 teeth;
  • dill - 1 stem with an umbrella;
  • horseradish leaf - 1 large or 2 small;
  • salt - 2 tbsp. l .;
  • mustard - 1.5 tbsp. powder or 2 tbsp. grains;
  • water - 1.5 l.

Preparation:

  1. First, the brine is boiled from water, salt and mustard. Cool completely.
  2. At the bottom of a sterile jar, place half of the chopped greens, garlic and horseradish root. The cucumbers are placed vertically. The rest of the spices are placed on top. Pour in cold brine.
  3. Leave to roam. When the reaction becomes almost imperceptible, the jar is sealed with a nylon lid.

Storage rules

Cooked cucumbers should be stored in a cool place out of access to light. If the jars stand at a high temperature, fermentation will continue, the cucumbers will over-acid, become soft and tasteless.

Conclusion

Crispy fermented cucumbers for the winter in jars are made simply, recipes allow for digressions and liberties. To make the preparation tasty, it is better to take hard water, not to be zealous with a variety of spicy herbs. Fruits will be firm and crispy only if garlic is not used in the preparation. Horseradish root can give strength.


Watch the video: How to Ferment ANY Vegetable. LACTO FERMENTATION GUIDE (January 2022).

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