Advice

Godetia Belle: growing from seed, when to plant


Godezia Beauty - "flower of passion" or California rose, belongs to the family of fireweed annuals. In its natural habitat, the plant grows in the Americas. The unpretentious culture got its name from the Swiss botanist-researcher Godet, who first classified Godetia. A favorite of many flower growers, the culture is considered a distant relative of the European Ivan tea.

In appearance, the satin inflorescences of godetia Beauty are similar to azalea or clarkia

Description of terry godetia Beauty

On the flowerbed, the terry godetia Beauty "lights up" the surrounding space with the play of bright highlights of scarlet and salmon, red-pink and red-cream silky petals under the rays of the sun. The plant is characterized by resistance to low temperatures, abundant and long flowering, unique appearance:

  • bush height - 30-45 cm;
  • branched, erect stems;
  • lanceolate leaves;
  • leafy inflorescences, brush-shaped;
  • cupped flowers;
  • flower diameter - 4-5 cm;
  • the color of the inflorescences is varied: bright red, scarlet, salmon, pink, red-pink, red-cream;
  • type of inflorescences - terry;
  • the fruit is a tetrahedral, cylindrical box with small seeds.

The decorative culture of the Beauty is characterized by a subtle aroma of vanilla.

Terry godetia variety Krasavitsa is distinguished by long flowering, which lasts until the first frost

Application in landscape design

With great success, the godetia of the Terry Krasavitsa variety is used for landscaping areas and for effective design of complex flower beds, mixborders, and flower beds of the same type. Due to its low growth, the plant is widely used for bordering borders that form the end of paths or lawns. Effectively scarlet and variegated inflorescences look on the slopes of alpine hills, in rabatkas, flowerpots, containers, hanging pots. The culture is quite hardy and unpretentious, therefore it is often used to decorate various landscape areas:

  • on prefabricated flower beds with godetia Beauty, white, blue, purple, pink shades of asters, irises, petunias are wonderfully combined;
  • in the original rabatki godetia Beauty "is friends" with other varieties of godetia and clarkia;
  • in mixborders, the Beauty plant perfectly "coexists" with ageratum, peonies, marigolds.

A beautiful and unpretentious ornamental plant can be grown on the balcony or loggia of a city apartment

Breeding features

The godetia terry variety Krasavitsa is propagated by seeds. A crop can be grown in two main ways:

  • sowing seeds for seedlings at the end of March;
  • sowing seeds in open ground in mid-April or autumn (for warm regions).

When sown in open ground (without growing seedlings), the seeds are treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate for 30 minutes. Well-lit areas with neutral loamy or slightly acidic soil are suitable for growing crops.

Before sowing, the land is carefully dug up, lumps are broken, fertilized with wood ash, mineral compounds, humus. Beauty godetia seeds are sown into the ground to a depth of 0.5 cm, at a distance of up to 25 cm.

Crops are covered with foil to accelerate seed germination in their natural environment. When 2-3 sheets appear, the seedlings are thinned out. Some growers note the benefits of sowing godetia seeds in open ground, as the percentage of seedling death is reduced when seedlings are transplanted into the ground.

In areas with a warm climate, seeds are sown in the fall, before winter. Florists note that such plants have more resistant immunity and resistance to sudden changes in temperature.

In places with a fairly warm climate, the seeds of the Krasavitsa variety can be sown in open ground before winter

Growing godetia Beauty from seed

Growing a crop from seeds at home is carried out in a seedling way. Unpretentious godetia is characterized by fast germination.

To grow seedlings, it is necessary to observe the sowing time and basic rules of care

Sowing dates of seedlings

Seedlings are sown in late March or early April. When several permanent leaves appear and a stable warm weather is established, young plant bushes are planted in the soil.

Flowering culture occurs in 1.5-2 months after the appearance of the first shoots

Capacity and soil for seedlings

Plastic, wooden containers of small height are chosen as containers. The container is pre-disinfected. A drainage layer is laid at the bottom of the box, filled with a loose, sifted soil mixture, fertilized with complex preparations.

The composition for godetia is prepared from garden soil, sand, peat, which is previously disinfected.

Before sowing, the substrate is thoroughly moistened

Sowing seedlings

Small godetia seeds do not require any special preparation. To disinfect the seed, the seeds can be treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate for several minutes.

Since the seeds are very small, the seed and sifted river sand should be mixed. The mixture of sand and seeds is evenly distributed over the surface of the soil and sprinkled with a thin layer of earth.

The seeds of the plant are distinguished by their hardiness and remain viable for 3-4 years.

Seedling care

Well-lit and warm places are suitable for containers with seedlings, without direct exposure to cold air and drafts. The container is covered with plastic wrap or glass to create a greenhouse effect. Every day, the container with the crops is ventilated, the film is opened for several hours.

The crop requires the most gentle watering from a spray bottle to evenly distribute the liquid. This will protect the seeds from being washed into the deeper layers of the soil. For irrigation of crops, warm water is used, which further stimulates germination. Godetia "prefers" moderate watering.

The first shoots appear in 10-12 days. After the emergence of sprouts, the shelter is removed. Plants are picked when 2-3 true leaves appear. The intertwined seedlings are separated with a spatula. Roots larger than 3 cm are trimmed to stimulate the development of strong and healthy lateral roots.

The sprouts are carefully removed and transplanted into separate pots or containers 9x9 cm in size, 2-3 seedlings each

Planting and care in the open field

Before planting the plants in open ground, the sprouts are hardened, gradually taken out into the street. The time spent outdoors is increased from 1-2 to 24 hours. To plant mature seedlings in open ground, you should follow some simple rules.

To transplant an ornamental culture, you must choose evening time or early morning hours

Timing

The Krasavitsa variety is planted in open ground at the end of May or at the beginning of June when the plant reaches a height of 5-7 cm. The bushes are moved together with a lump of earth from an individual container. In order not to injure the plants, it is best to choose a cloudy day for transplanting, earlier in the morning or after sunset.

Planting godetia of the Krasavitsa variety in open ground should be when stable warm weather is established

Site selection and soil preparation

For the culture of Godetia Beauty, sunny areas of the garden are suitable, without shading by trees and buildings. Plants "prefer" loamy, well-moistened, loose, breathable soils.

Godetia bushes Beauty should be planted away from places where weeds grow

Landing algorithm

When planting seedlings in open ground, a distance between individual specimens of up to 25 cm should be observed. The plants are carefully removed from the seedling container and, together with a lump of earth, transferred to a small hole. Sometimes white clay is added to the holes. The bush of the Krasavitsa variety is gently pressed to the ground, sprinkled with earth if necessary and moistened abundantly.

Godetia Beauty cannot be planted in open ground in a flowering state

Watering and feeding schedule

Plants require systematic fertilization (once a month) to stimulate profuse flowering. For dressing, mineral, nitrogen-containing fertilizers are used.

Before the flowers appear during the period of bud formation, the bushes can be fertilized with complex preparations with a high content of phosphorus and potassium.

Florists note that the most preferable for godetia of the Krasavitsa variety is a solution of nitrophosphate (prepared at the rate of 1 tbsp. L. Per 10 l of water).

In addition, wild flowering can be stimulated by the introduction of organic natural fertilizers (bird droppings, mullein) under each bush.

Excess nitrogen in complex preparations can lead to excessive growth of godetia foliage and inhibition of flowering.

Godetia of the Krasavitsa variety requires constant watering, since drying out of the soil can cause the death of plants. For this ornamental culture, drip, regular, but moderate watering is suitable.

The correct balance of watering should be observed: do not overdry or overmoisten the soil around the godetia Beauty

Loosening, weeding, mulching

During the period of growth and development, Beauty plants need complex care:

  • periodic loosening;
  • weed removal;
  • mulching.

When creating favorable conditions for the growth and development of godetia, the plant will "respond" with more lush, long flowering

Installation of supports

Since the height of the godetia bush of the Krasavitsa variety reaches 45 cm, the plant requires support. As they can be used wooden, metal or plastic rods, pegs. Supports are necessary, since fragile stems can break off under the weight of numerous inflorescences.

Fragile stems of godetia Beauty can break off under the weight of abundantly flowering brushes

Flowering care

The flowering of an ornamental culture lasts about 1 month. After that, in place of the inflorescences, boxes with seeds are formed. The darkened boxes are carefully cut, dried, opened and the seeds are removed. They are stored in paper bags until sowing. The material has excellent germination for 4 years.

If there is no need to collect seeds, dry inflorescences and leaves are removed

Diseases and pests

Among the most common diseases in representatives of the flora world, the godetia of the Krasavitsa variety is infected with root rot and powdery mildew:

  1. Root rot affects flowering godetia bushes during the period of prolonged rains. The disease is manifested by wilting of flowers, the appearance of brown spots on the leaf plates. Affected plants should be removed immediately to prevent infestation of healthy bushes.

    After burning a plant affected by root rot, the soil should be disinfected and working tools should be disinfected.

  2. Peronosporosis, or powdery mildew, is characterized by the appearance of a white bloom on the leaves. The plant gradually withers and loses its vitality. To combat the disease, fungicides are used.

    Affected bushes are sprayed with special solutions of fungicides

The beauty is especially dangerous for godetia. The insect draws juices from the stems and buds. As a result, the plant withers and “discards” its color. In order to prevent the reproduction of aphids, it is necessary to weed the weeds in a timely manner, not to place the godetia near the melons.

To combat aphids, universal insecticides are used

Conclusion

Godezia Beauty is an amazing, luxuriantly flowering plant that can delight with the long flowering of satin inflorescences all summer and autumn, before the first frost. Knowing the basic techniques and rules for breeding and growing crops, you can arrange magnificent, bright and stylish flower beds and flower beds, as well as decorate the local area with flowerpots or hanging pots with bright scarlet spots of delicious double flowers.


Watch the video: Godetia flower - grow and care Clarkia amoena (January 2022).

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