"Vegetable of long-livers", so respectfully called eggplant in the East. Those who have been to Turkey and the Caucasus know that eggplants are an obligatory dish on the tables in these countries. The national cuisine of the East has in its arsenal more than a dozen eggplant dishes. A varied vegetable tastes great. The benefits for the body are simply enormous, thanks to the rich composition of vitamins, trace elements, and fiber. The vegetable can be consumed without age and health restrictions. Particularly useful for the elderly and pregnant women.
Variety of varieties and hybrids
The work of breeders brings the result to gardeners in the form of an unprecedented number of varieties and hybrids of vegetables, various in properties, appearance, color and shape of fruits. And many are lost in the sea of varieties and hybrids. Choose vegetables that are suitable for growing in your climatic zone and with the properties you want to get, read carefully the descriptions of the varieties from the producers. There are varieties and hybrids that are completely uncharacteristic for eggplants in the shape and color of the fruit, and they have excellent taste. For example, white eggplant fruits do not taste bitter at all, since they have a low solanine content, do not have seeds. All of these properties are possessed by eggplant the Tender F1. The fruits of the plant are elongated, cylindrical, more than 20 cm long. That is convenient in cooking. The dense pulp of the most Delicate fruit has a pleasant delicate taste.
Eggplant Delicate - hybrid. Hybrids do not produce seeds, but they are more resistant to diseases and adverse conditions. The plant is suitable for growing in greenhouses, greenhouses, in the open field, if only you take measures for additional protection from temperature extremes. To do this, you need to put the arcs and stretch the covering material over them: agrofibre or plastic wrap. Otherwise, during the cooling period, the Delicate eggplant will freeze in growth, and it will be extremely difficult to wait for the fruits.
Selection and germination of seeds
Growing eggplants The most delicate begins with the selection of seeds. Producers claim that eggplant seeds remain viable for up to 8 years. The statement is not entirely correct, each year of storage reduces the percentage of germination. Therefore, when buying seeds, check the date of their production.
Calibrate the seeds before planting. Divide them, by visual inspection, into large and small. Or place it in a saline solution (1 tablespoon of salt in 0.5 liters of water). Sow those seeds that will sink to the bottom, but those that have surfaced, no, do not throw them away, but sow them separately. What do these manipulations give you? And the fact that your seedlings will turn out to be even, higher plants will not drown out lower ones.
And one more step in the pre-sowing preparation of seeds: their germination.
Advice! Under no circumstances place the seeds in a container with water, they will simply suffocate.
Place the seeds on damp gauze, cotton pads, or other non-woven fabric. Wait for the seedlings to appear, then the seeds can be planted in the ground. Do not let the seeds dry out. All pre-planting actions reduce the time of emergence of seedlings. Eggplants have a very long growing season, respectively, and the seedling period is also long. The older the eggplant seedlings are. The most delicate, the higher the yield of plants. If the seedlings are 80 days old, then the yield will be 50% higher than that of eggplants, the seedlings of which were planted at 60 days of age.
Advice! Plant seeds of the Tender variety on seedlings early. Better early February.
Planting and caring for seedlings
Eggplants The most delicate ones do not like to be disturbed. Therefore, it is better to do without picking seedlings. Plant the seeds directly into separate containers, such as peat cups. Place the germinated seeds of the Most Delicate in the ground to a depth of 0.5 cm. 2 seeds in one depression. Then, remove the least viable plant.
Seedling maintenance consists of providing light and regular watering of the plants. Seedlings of the Gentle hybrid develops correctly if the daylight hours are 10 - 12 hours. With more light, the green mass of seedlings develops violently to the detriment of the future harvest, with less light, the seedlings do not grow. Light up the plants with lamps if necessary. The lack of regular watering acts as stress on the plants, which, again, will not be reflected in the best way on the yield of the Tender variety. Take warm water +24 degrees for irrigation.
Landing in the ground
Before planting in the ground, prepare the plants for changing temperature conditions. Start hardening seedlings in 2 weeks. Plants can be treated with growth stimulants: "Bud", "Epin", "Etamon", "Kornevin" and others. Observe crop rotation. Eggplant grows best after: carrots, onions and cabbage. Bad harvest after: potatoes and tomatoes.
It is possible to plant the Gentle variety in the ground when the soil warms up to +20 degrees, and when the threat of frost has passed. Usually this is the period from late May to early June. Too late planting of seedlings leads to the fact that the seedlings of the Tender variety outgrow and immediately fall into extreme conditions of high temperatures. Which, again, does not work in the best way. Seedlings adapt for a long time, which significantly postpones the timing of the harvest.
Eggplant hybrid The most delicate has a bush height of 40 to 140 cm. In the open field, the plants are always lower than their counterparts grown in greenhouses. Follow the 40x50 cm planting pattern. So that the plants have enough room for development and do not shade each other. The development and fruiting of eggplants depends on the level of illumination. For tips on growing eggplant, watch the video:
Watering and feeding
Other factors for obtaining a rich crop of a hybrid The most delicate are regular watering and feeding. Do not let the soil dry out. To reduce the frequency of watering, it is recommended to cover the topsoil with mulch: straw, peat, sawdust or modern materials: black agrofibre or vermiculite.
Pay due attention to plant nutrition. Every 2 - 3 weeks feed the eggplants with the most delicate mineral fertilizers and organic fertilizers alternately. The first feeding of the planted seedlings should take place in 2 weeks. Before setting fruits, do not feed the plants with organic fertilizers, which cause rapid growth of green mass to the detriment of fruit formation.
The most delicate eggplants are harvested semi-ripe. In white eggplants, ripeness is determined by the size of the fruit and the presence of a glossy sheen. It is better to eat eggplants freshly harvested, since the fruits are not stored for a long time and some of the beneficial properties are lost during storage.
Try new eggplant hybrids and varieties. Most often they have better nutritional properties and are less capricious when grown.
Lyubov Mikhaleva, 55 years old, Mytischi
I plant eggplants exclusively for my husband. The culture is capricious. I definitely experiment every season with new varieties and hybrids. Although I do not completely abandon the cultivation of blue eggplants. I always prepare seedlings myself. There was an experience of growing white eggplants. Variety Delicate F1. The first fruits were removed overripe, then they got used to it. Very tasty. Convenient to make rolls.
Anastasia Tretyakova, 48 years old, Podolsk
Grew up delicate eggplants. Bad luck happened. The Colorado potato beetle attacked the Gentle one, he, as it turned out, loves eggplants even more than potatoes. I really didn't want to use chemistry, so the whole family was robbed by hand. I use herbal infusion to feed the plants. In a barrel of water I throw all the grass from weeding, nettles and grass that formed when the site was mowed. I insist for 3 days, dilute with clean water and water. My plants are happy and bear fruit very well. Eggplant Delicate pleased with its pleasant taste, the complete absence of bitterness in the fruits.