Advice

Plum Ussuriyskaya


Plum Ussuriyskaya is a popular fruit crop among gardeners in many countries of the world. She is far from whimsical to growing conditions, which greatly facilitates her care. Subject to all the necessary rules and recommendations, the gardener will certainly receive tasty and healthy fruits. A distinctive feature of the Ussuriyskaya plum variety is its ability to withstand severe cold. Because of this, it is grown even in the regions of the North.

Breeding history of the variety

There are a huge number of varieties of the Ussuri plum. And almost all of them resulted from the selection of Chinese and Japanese varieties of plum fruits. One of these procedures was carried out by M. G. Isakov and N. I. Gvozdyukov. The name of the resulting plant is Selenite.

Description of the Ussuri plum

This variety belongs to one of the varieties of East Asian plums, which have long been appreciated by the inhabitants of many countries of the world. It is also called Manchu or Chinese. The formation took place under the influence of conditions unfavorable for growth: excessive dryness in the autumn, winters with little snow, wet and cold summers. It is especially common in the Ussuriysk and Khabarovsk regions.

This variety has an average fruit size. The height of an adult tree can reach 3 meters, which in no way affects fruiting. In any case, it will only be stable and intense with proper care. The amount of the crop, which is usually harvested from one tree, reaches 20 or more kilograms.

The diameter of the crown of the Ussuriyskaya plum is about 3-4 meters. It can be discharged and thickened. The latter in shape resembles a kind of bowl, ball or something like an elongated panicle. Home plum varieties are small trees that look like a bloated ball.

Attention! The color of the branches and the trunk itself is close to brown or grayish. Over time, the shine of the wood is replaced by roughness.

The ovaries are placed in groups on perennial branches. The leaf is green and smooth to the touch.
Flowering occurs only at a time when there is still no foliage on the tree. The flowers are medium-sized in size, have a white color. It is necessary to plant pollinating plants next to the Ussuriyskaya plum, otherwise there will be no fruiting, the plum is not capable of pollinating on its own. Usually the crop is harvested in the third year after planting the seedling or 6 years after planting the seed. Life expectancy is approximately 23 years, with proper care.

The varieties of the Ussuriyskaya plum differ from each other in appearance, period of flowering and fruiting, and taste. Fruit weight varies from 2 to 30 grams. In shape, they resemble an oblong oval, the top of which is pointed.

Almost every variety has a different color. The fruits are burgundy, lilac or yellow in color. There are also motley specimens. The skin of the plum is covered with a whitish bloom. Depending on the variety, the taste of the pulp also changes. Sometimes, when consumed, a slight bitterness can be felt.

To improve the taste and external characteristics of the plant, breeders quite often resorted to crossing different varieties. Thus, a large number of various types of the Ussuri plum were obtained.

Ussuriyskaya plum varieties

They are especially appreciated in the northern regions of Russia for their ability to withstand prolonged low temperatures, and for their excellent taste. Pollinators are required for the Ussuri plum.

Ussuriyskaya late

The fruits of this variety are juicy and sweet. Sometimes, when consumed, a slight sourness is felt.

The ripening period is the second half of August. Fruiting is abundant and periodic. It prefers to grow in damp and clayey soil, does not tolerate acidified soil. Possesses high frost resistance.

Vesta

Ussuriyskaya plum Vesta mid-early is ideal for growing in cold regions of Russia. The fruits of this variety are round in shape, with a touch of a whitish or grayish hue, and have a red color.

Important! The pulp tastes tender, sweet, very juicy. Separating the bone from the inside is not so difficult.

The period of full maturation is the end of summer. Fruiting well. High frost resistance.

Covenant

The rounded fruits of the plant are yellow in color. They taste juicy, with sourness. It grows in the regions located near the Volga. The covenant is able to withstand severe frosts. Resistant to various types of diseases. The variety does not like an arid climate. Nearby, it is imperative to plant the pollinators of the Covenant plum, namely the Chinese plum.

Zolotaya Niva

The height of this tree is about 2 meters. The crown and branches form a kind of deep basket. It bears fruit every year, at the end of summer. Pollinators of plum Zolotaya Niva - varieties Red ball, Skoroplodnaya, Russian plum.

The skin of the fruit, like the pulp, has a beautiful yellowish color, reminiscent of the color of small nectarines or apples. It tastes juicy, tender and sweet. The bone is easily separated. Reviews of the plum Zolotaya Niva are positive.

Ural prunes

The crown of the plant is quite sprawling and large. The height of the tree is 1.8-2 meters. Despite its size, it bears fruit well and a lot. The plum tastes very sweet. Frost resistance is above average.

Ussuri early

The tree has a spreading crown with branches. It is often grown in regions with prolonged low temperatures. The fruits are in the shape of a small ball, the flesh is yellow, fibrous. When consumed, no bitterness is felt.

Yolk

There are many positive reviews on the Internet about the Yolk plum. Just like the Testament, the fruits of this variety have a yellow color and a rounded shape with a slightly flattened top. The pulp tastes sweet, juicy.

Important! It tolerates frost well. It has a high immunity to various diseases and withstands invasions of pests.

Chinese Ussuri plum Yolk variety is quite popular among many gardeners.

Festive

One of the most frost-resistant varieties of the Ussuriyskaya plum. It is able to withstand extremely low temperatures, down to -40ABOUTC. Fruits are of medium size and beautiful yellow color. Abundant flowering and fruiting. One tree can be harvested up to 20 kilograms.

Early prunes

It has the ability to withstand severe frosts, which makes it possible to grow this variety in the regions of the North. Full ripening of the fruit occurs quickly enough. Does not tolerate strongly acidic soil.

Plum contains a large amount of nutrients.

Yellow Hopts

This variety bears fruit well and abundantly. Capable of withstanding extreme cold. The pulp is sweet in taste and has a pleasant smell. Do not store the fruits of the Yellow Hopta for a long time, they quickly deteriorate.

Ural yellow

Plum of this variety is very often grown in the northern part of Russia, as it has high frost resistance. The skin peels off easily from the inside. The pulp tastes sweet, juicy, and has a yellow color.

The height of the tree reaches 2-3 meters. Productivity - up to 15 kilograms of berries from one tree. The fruiting period of the Ussuri yellow plum is in August.

Snow White

The height of the tree is 2.5 meters. The crown diameter reaches 4 meters. The yield is high, up to 30 kilograms per season. The color of the peel is pale yellow with a greyish tinge. The pulp is sour.

Dawn of Altai

The height of the tree can be up to 2 meters. The crown does not thicken. Has the ability to withstand severe frosts. The fruits look like small balls. Plum Ussuriiskaya Zarya Altai has a red color.

Pioneer

The tree reaches 2-2.7 meters in height. The fruits are covered with a beautiful raspberry-colored skin. Their weight is about 20 grams. The pulp tastes tender, juicy and very sweet.

Modest

This plum variety is not self-pollinated. That is why it is advisable to plant pollinating plants next to it, namely: another variety of the Ussuri plum. It adapts well to different types of soil.

Attention! Up to 23 kilograms of fruit are harvested from one tree per season. The plant has an approximate lifespan of 18-20 years.

Vika

One of the most popular varieties of the Ussuriyskaya plum. It is appreciated for the fact that it can withstand low temperatures, and bears fruit stably and intensively. The berries are yellow, sweet and quite aromatic. It is not recommended to store it for a long time.

In which areas can the Ussuri plum be grown

It is grown in the northern regions, where temperatures are very low, and not only. The Ussuriyskaya plum is considered one of the best options for planting in such places.

Ussuriyskaya plum varieties for the Urals

Most suitable varieties:

  1. Ural yellow.
  2. Ural prunes.
  3. Uiskaya.
  4. The pearl of the Urals.
  5. Kuyashskaya.
  6. Snow White.
  7. Ailinskaya.
  8. Krasnoselskaya.
  9. Uvelskaya.
  10. The pride of the Urals.
  11. Shershnevskaya.

Ussuri plum varieties for Siberia

The following varieties take root quickly:

  1. Burgundy.
  2. Yellow Hopty.
  3. Altai Jubilee.

Ussuriyskaya plum varieties for Buryatia

In the conditions of Buryatia, they take root well:

  1. Pioneer.
  2. Vika.
  3. Covenant.

Advantages and disadvantages of varieties

pros

Minuses

Able to withstand low temperatures.

It blooms during the period when insects practically do not fly.

Decorates the garden.

Does not pollinate on its own.

It is immune to many diseases.

Short-lived.

Brings great harvest.

It is difficult to separate the stone from the pulp, which is typical for some varieties of plums.

Landing features

So that the plant does not die the next year, it is necessary to adhere to several important rules for planting and care.

Recommended timing

Plum is best planted in spring. You can start as early as April after warming up the soil.

Choosing the right place

Plum prefers to grow in warm climates. For good and intense fruiting, the ambient temperature should be at least 8-15ABOUTC. It is not recommended to plant a plant that does not tolerate cold, where it is constantly frosty and strong winds blow.

What crops can and cannot be planted nearby

It is undesirable to plant hazelnuts, poplar, fir, pear, nut crops, cherries next to the Ussuri plum. This neighborhood negatively affects both plants.

Apples, black currants, thyme, and many flowers (daffodils, tulips) coexist favorably with plums.

Selection and preparation of planting material

Before planting a seedling, it is recommended to thoroughly prepare the soil. For growing plums, a neutral soil rich in minerals and other useful elements is suitable.

Attention! Experienced gardeners say that exactly one year before planting the plant, it is advisable to start adding a little lime to the soil, about 200 grams per 1 m2.

It is preferable to choose exactly frost-resistant varieties.

Landing algorithm

The planting scheme for the Ussuriyskaya plum consists in proper soil preparation and further tree care. The main thing that a gardener should remember is that the plant should not be planted in places that are constantly blown by northern winds and non-melting snowdrifts.

The roots self-adapt to the new place. They just need to provide favorable conditions for growth, plant exclusively on low mounds.

Plum follow-up care

In order for a plant to quickly adapt to new conditions, several rules must be followed. They consist in timely watering and monitoring the condition of the plum.

Diseases and pests, methods of control and prevention

Most often, the Ussuri plum suffers from moths, which cause severe damage to the plant. To get rid of them, special means are used in early August: Decisom, Karbofos, Alatar.

Plum varieties that do not tolerate frost poorly are recommended to provide the most favorable conditions for growth and to be planted only in warm places.

In order to prevent the invasion of pests, it is necessary to carefully care for the plum:

  • water periodically;
  • feed the tree;
  • cut branches every 2-3 years;
  • treat the site with drugs to prevent the reproduction of pathogens.

Conclusion

Plum Ussuriyskaya is a fairly popular culture among many summer residents. It is cultivated in the northern regions of the country. She perfectly adapts to different environmental conditions, and already at 3-4 years old begins to actively bear fruit.

For a more detailed acquaintance with the variety, the following videos are recommended for viewing:

Testimonials

Arsenyeva Marina Viktorovna, 64 years old, Ryazan

Hello. I would like to express my opinion about such a beautiful plant as the Ussuriyskaya plum. Several years ago, I constantly looked at various articles on the topic of growing plums, cherries, apples and several other crops. But I wanted to plant a plum on my site. On the Internet, many people left laudatory reviews about the Ussuriyskaya plum of the Early Prune variety. And I still decided to try to plant it on my site. A couple of years later, she received a huge harvest of tasty and juicy fruits. I recommend to everyone!

Markov Anatoly Alekseevich, 55 years old, Zelenograd

I would like to tell you a little about my experience of growing plums. For many years I have dreamed of planting such a wonderful plant on my site, but I still couldn't do it. And now 7 years ago I bought the Zavet variety. The price for it was low, since the action was in action. I returned home and after 10 days planted it in the garden. After a couple of years, I received wonderful results. I have never regretted a purchase!


Watch the video: our plum harvest and thoughts on varieties and uses (January 2022).

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