Advice

Greenhouse long cucumber varieties


Few people know that we deliberately eat a cucumber unripe, except that gardeners are well aware of this issue. The greener the fruit of the cucumber, the tastier it is. Cucumber is a special vegetable. Love for him in Russia is great, since only here are popular both fresh salads and all kinds of pickles and marinades. Let's talk about long-fruited cucumbers, which are often found both in stores and in the garden.

Growing cucumbers in a greenhouse

Greenhouses are becoming more and more popular with us every year. Their spread is due to the instability of the weather in many regions. If in the spring it can be hot enough, then in the summer during the period of flowering and the formation of the ovary, torrential rains and some cooling are quite possible. How familiar to many! You won't wait for any bees at this moment for pollination, which can affect the quality and quantity of the crop. That is why greenhouses are increasingly appearing on dachas, houses and just outside the city.

All greenhouses can be divided into two types:

  • heated, where the harvest is obtained all year round;
  • unheated for planting seedlings in the warm season.

Cover modern greenhouses with various materials:

  • polycarbonate;
  • glass;
  • special greenhouse film.

A source of irrigation water is placed next to it. Why not use a greenhouse for cucumbers? They are quite unpretentious, requiring high-quality watering and heat. The homeland of cucumber is India, and conditions such as in this warm country are easiest to create in a greenhouse.

Selection of seeds for greenhouses

In order to choose a variety for growing a cucumber in a greenhouse, you need to know some of the nuances. It is very difficult to make a choice just by looking at the colorful packaging. Before going to the store, it is important to study the following questions:

  • pollination of cucumbers;
  • what the variety is intended for;
  • terms of fruiting;
  • the yield of the variety.

This is the minimum amount of knowledge. First of all, remember that all varieties of cucumber are divided into two types:

  • varietal;
  • hybrid.

When buying a hybrid, do not try to grow new offspring from its seeds, waste your time. This is possible only when buying and growing varietal cucumbers, their traits can be inherited. In addition, you will need to take into account some of the nuances.

Features of choice

When going to the store to buy long cucumber seeds, remember that growing in a greenhouse will cause difficulties with insect pollinated species. Bees are reluctant to enter greenhouses, so many gardeners prefer self-pollinated species.

On the packaging in the column "Pollination Type" will be indicated either self-pollinated or parthenocarpic.

As for the taste characteristics, here everyone should be guided by their own taste. Please note that not every variety is intended for pickling and preservation. Additionally, you will have to decide which variety is preferable from the proposed ones:

  • early;
  • mid-season;
  • late.

Today, ultra-early varieties are very common. Please note that they yield in a short period and do not bear fruit for a long time. Mid-season and late cucumbers can delight the gardener with fresh fruits for a long time.

As a rule, more than one variety of cucumbers is grown in a greenhouse at the same time, but several. Small gherkins are combined with long-fruited. Special care for different varieties is not provided, at the same time the gardener can conduct an experiment with a certain variety, try how it behaves in the beds. This is how the choice of the most preferred varieties for growing in greenhouses is carried out. Here is a list of long-fruited varieties that are best suited for protected ground.

Long-fruited cucumber varieties

Long-fruited cucumbers are not entirely familiar to our table, but over time we got used to them and appreciated their taste. Most often, they are more watery, less bitter and wonderful when eaten fresh. It is difficult to preserve them due to their large size. Long-fruited varieties include those from the seeds of which a cucumber is obtained with a length of 16 to 25 centimeters. There are real giants in this line too.

We have included only the most popular cucumber varieties in the comparison table:

  • hybrid "Zozulya";
  • variety "Chinese miracle";
  • grade "Phoenix 640";
  • hybrid "Regal";
  • hybrid "April";
  • hybrid "Relay";
  • hybrid "Chinese heat-resistant";
  • Stella hybrid;
  • hybrid "Mustafa";
  • grade "Manul".

Variety / hybrid name

Pollination type

Purpose

Productivity and fruiting period

Note

Zozulya

parthenocarpic

fresh, for pickling and preservation

up to 16 kilograms per sq. meters, fruiting in 45 days

the length of the greenery is on average 17-18 centimeters, the weight is up to 200 grams

Chinese miracle

bee-pollinated

fresh, for pickling and preservation

high yield, fruiting occurs in 50-55 days

the length of the greenery is 45 centimeters, when grown in a greenhouse, you will need to artificially pollinate the plant

Phoenix

bee-pollinated

fresh, for pickling and preservation

average yield, no more than 3.7 kilograms per sq. meter, fruiting occurs in 55-65 days

the length of the greenery is 16-18 centimeters, when grown in a greenhouse, you will need to artificially pollinate the plant

Regal

parthenocarpic

fresh, for pickling and preservation

high yield - 16 kilograms per sq. meter, early harvest (fruiting in 40-45 days)

the length of the greenery is 16-18 centimeters, the weight is no more than 120 grams

April

parthenocarpic

fresh, for pickling and preservation

high yield, up to 24 kilograms per 1 sq. meter, fruiting no later than 50 days

the length of the greenery is 15-25 centimeters with a weight of 200-250 grams

Relay race

bee-pollinated

fresh, for pickling and preservation

high yield - 25-35 kilograms per sq. meter, fruiting at 53-69 days

greenhouse length - on average 21 centimeters, when grown in a greenhouse, you will need to artificially pollinate the plant

Chinese heat resistant

parthenocarpic

fresh and in salads

High yield, fruiting occurs on the 54th day

the length of the greenery is 30-50 centimeters, these are real giants

Stella

parthenocarpic

fresh, for pickling and preservation

high yield - from 1 sq. m you can collect 11.5 kilograms, fruiting occurs after 56-65 days

the length of the greenery is 20-25 centimeters with a fruit weight of 150-270 grams

Mustafa

parthenocarpic

fresh, for pickling and preservation

average yield (3.5 kilograms per square meter), fruiting in 40-45 days

the length of the greenery is 18-20 centimeters with a weight of up to 200 grams

Pallas' cat

bee-pollinated

fresh, for pickling and preservation

the yield is very high, up to 37 kilograms per sq. meter, fruiting no later than 58 days

the length of the greenery is 18-22 centimeters, the weight is up to 220 grams; when grown in a greenhouse, you will need to artificially pollinate the plant

The video shows a brief description of the "Green Jade" variety. He's also Chinese.

Unfortunately, most of the varieties with the name "Chinese" belong to the bee-pollinated species. This means that when growing them in a greenhouse, you will have to resort to artificial pollination. This task is not so much difficult as it is long-term.

Features of growing long-fruited cucumbers

Long cucumbers are especially popular among our gardeners. They give a plentiful harvest, and the taste suits the majority. Whichever variety is ultimately chosen, you need to try to adhere to some rules when growing cucumbers:

  • often the germination of seeds of long-fruited cucumbers is very uneven, therefore it is recommended to germinate them before placing them in the ground or in a glass;
  • not every variety of long-fruited cucumbers is well stored, so you should carefully study the packaging, give preference only to trusted manufacturers;
  • when the plants grow tall, they need to create conditions for the growth and ripening of fruits: they must be suspended from trellises.

Important! If long, heavy fruits are allowed to lie on the ground, they will grow ugly and may rot.

Conclusion

Long-fruited cucumbers are very convenient to grow in a greenhouse. They are quite unpretentious and are able to decorate any feast. Many housewives advise not to pickle especially long whole cucumbers, but to use them to prepare complex salads for the winter. But for salting, both standard long-fruited and giants are suitable. Grow them yourself!


Watch the video: Best Cucumber Varieties For Growing Indoors, Outdoors u0026 Hydroponics (January 2022).

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