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The tulip got its name from the word tulle ban which is translated from Persian as turban. The flower really reminds the specified headdress. Perhaps, there is hardly anyone who is not happy with the flowering of a tulip. And how many various forms and colors of the plant exist ...
Varieties and types
Once upon a time, tulip lovers were upset that the flowering period of the plants was short. Now this problem is solved, since at the moment there are more than 4 thousand varieties. However, some of them bloom for 1.5 months.
All varieties are divided into 3 conditional groups. The fourth group includes hybrids and natural species.
Varieties of tulips
Each group consists of classes that collect flowers of certain shapes, sizes and colors. So, what are the varieties of tulips?
Early flowering tulips
Only 2 classes belong to this group - these are terry early and simple tulips. These varieties were bred in the 17th century, but they have not lost popularity to this day.
- Terry Tulips start blooming in April. They are mostly liked because of the bright flowers and the fact that they do not fade for a long time. The diameter of the flowers can reach 8 cm. The height of the plant is 30 cm, so it is better to place them in the foreground on the flowerbed. The most famous varieties are bright red Miranda tulips, white-pink Murillo and red Electra.
- Simple tulips they have a small height - from 25 to 40 cm. Due to the fact that they have strong stems, they are not afraid of a gusty wind and rainfall. The color is mainly red or yellow. Blooming in April. Under the sun, the buds open wide. For cutting is not the best option, but for pots they are optimally suited. Famous varieties are yellow or pink tulips Ibis Mont Trezor and red Cooler Cardinal.
Mid-season tulips are a class of Triumph and Darwin hybrids. Let's consider them in more detail:
- in a separate class Darwin hybrids allocated in the 20th century. The diameter of the flowers is more than 10 cm, the shape is goblet, and the height is up to 80 cm. The main color is red, but recently the appearance of flowers with a two-tone color has been noted. Tulips bloom in the first decade of May, in appearance they resemble poppies. Spring frosts tolerate well. Popular varieties include red Parade, London, Oxford, yellow red Artist;
- the class Triumph received by crossing Darwin hybrids and simple early tulips. The stems are high - 70 cm, the flowers are large, goblet. Bloom from the end of April. The presented type is grown mainly for cutting and for decoration of flower beds. The most numerous class. Popular varieties - pure white or carmine red Alba soft purple Aviator Algiba.
Late ripe tulips
This group includes many varieties of tulips. These are as many as 7 classes, which are united by a late flowering period:
- Late terry tulips are similar in appearance to peonies. The color can be different - from white to black, there are also two-color varieties. Since these tulips are larger than even the first terry tulips, they can break in the rain.
- Despite the large numbers, fringed tulips are popular. Their distinctive feature is needle fringe. Flowers are used for distillation, cutting and decoration of the garden. The color is sometimes just amazing - bluish-purple with a bronze border, piercing red with a yellow stripe.
- Late simple tulips have powerful peduncles, the height of which reaches 75 cm. The flowers are large, goblet. Coloring can be two-color or one-color. Suitable for distillation or cutting.
- Parrot tulips are called so because their petals are somewhat reminiscent of the feathers of these birds. Widely used to decorate the garden.
- The smallest class is Rembrandt. A distinctive feature - strokes and spots on the petals of different colors. They are used on flower beds and for cutting.
- Greens have a green center and petals of red, pink or white. Brought the class in 1981.
- Lilia color remind a lily. Coloring may vary.
Best companions for tulips
Wondering what to plant tulips with? In order to answer this question, it is necessary to decide whether you plan to dig up flowers annually or will leave them in one place for 4 years.
- If you are going to dig up plants annually, daffodils, muscari and hyacinths will become their best neighbors. In spring, the flowerbed will look very beautiful due to simultaneous flowering. Then it will be enough to dig up flowers and plant new ones.
- Not going to dig tulips every year? Then it is worth placing annuals and perennials next to them.
- The most common option is a combination of tulips with hosts or bruners.
- The classic method is a combination with forget-me-nots.
- Tulips with ground cover perennials look successful: obrietta, awl-shaped phlox, arabis, sedum.
So, at the moment there are a huge number of different varieties of tulips.
They vary in shape, color and flowering time. Properly combining early and late flowering varieties, you can achieve continuous flowering flower beds. Do not forget that not all plants will become a good neighbor to the tulip.
What are the varieties of tulips