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Decorative willow of the Ural selection in landscape design

Decorative willow of the Ural selection in landscape design


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Decorative willow is a plant that is almost perfect for creating any image in a landscape gardening ensemble. Ural breeding hybrids are frost-resistant and suitable for growing in temperate latitudes. The tree first began to be used in the landscape design of English parks. Due to its inherent moisture resistance, willow could grow in flooded places. Therefore, the British planted a tree along rivers, canals and artificial reservoirs to strengthen the coast.

However, Western European varieties of decorative willows are extremely photophilous and are not suitable for growing in temperate latitudes. The ivushka attracted the attention of Russian dendrologists thanks to the work of Sverdlovsk salikologist Veniamin Ivanovich Shaburov, a scientist and enthusiast who was keen on the idea of ​​introducing hybrid clones for landscaping cities in central Russia. Its hybrids are often called willows of the Ural breeding. Varieties bred by Shaburov have already been tested by time: many of them are about 50 years old, they feel great in areas with a climate that is risky for farming, while maintaining their decorative properties.

Decorative willow cultivars of Sverdlovsk breeding are viable, resistant to diseases and pests, and landscape designers' interest in them is steadily growing.

A variety of forms and types of decorative willows is not their only attractive feature for designers. The bark of willow trees has a very unusual color - from ocher-yellow and olive to dark red, and the transition from one color to another occurs on one branch and depends on the time of year. Therefore, ivushki in their own way are good at any time of the year, even in the deep of winter, and allow you to create unique images in gardens and parks.

Design of ponds

The design of reservoirs with willow trees and shrubs is a classic of the genre in landscape design. The romantic image of silver branches descending to the surface of the water still does not cease to amaze and delight. If the pond is large and has a rounded shape, then two weeping ivushas planted on opposite banks will harmoniously look. The protrusions of the banks of irregularly shaped bodies of water are often decorated with such trees - this creates the effect of a “tree in water” and helps strengthen the shape of the shore due to the properties of willow. A small park or garden pond can be a wonderful corner for meditation, relaxation, quiet contemplation, if you plant a tree with an umbrella-shaped crown (umbraculifera) on the shore, and put a bench under it.

For the design of ponds recommends planting the following varieties:

  • white, or silver (S. Alba);
  • purple (Salix purpurea);
  • Swiss (Salix helvetika).

Creation of garden and park images

Willows grafted on a stamb can become both a landscape dominant and a decor of secluded corners or outbuildings. The weeping crown on the stem of the desired height (pre-designed) grows with time, the branches fall. The height of the stem does not change. In this way, excellent tapeworms are obtained.

A neatly trimmed lawn with a similar willow-tapeworm or several asymmetrically planted willows creates the image of an English garden. You can increase the height of the stem by lifting one of the branches up and attaching a tire to it. Over time, the branch will become lignified, and the crown will take on a completely different look. So get cascading forms of trees that will decorate a corner of relaxation in the garden.

The following varieties are suitable for creating tapeworms:

  • Sverdlovsk willow;
  • whole leaf (S. Integra) Hakuro-nishiki;
  • rod-shaped - willow Schwerini (S. Schwerini).

Rock Garden Design

Some weeping trees without vaccination on the stambus become beautiful ampelous plants. For example, goat willow (Salix caprea Silberglanz), planted among boulders rock garden and weaving through them, will look much more spectacular than many other plants.

The following willow varieties will also be good:

  • polar (Salix polaris);
  • grassy (Salix herbacea).

Fencing decoration

Shrub willows are a great material for hedges. Views such as purple or Caspian, planted around the perimeter of a playground or recreation area and trimmed according to the designer's idea, at the same time decorate, obscure and protect from wind. A hedge of willow bushes can be created by planting their cuttings in a trench 40 cm wide at a distance of 15 cm from each other. As the branches grow, they intertwine, giving the hedge a diamond-shaped pattern. That is what French winemakers did, creating fencing in the vineyards.

The following hybrids of Shaburov are suitable for forming hedges:

  • "waterfall",
  • Olympic flame
  • "spherical dwarf".

Willows in the Arbarchitecture

Arboarchitecture is a special type of architecture in which plants are used as a base for building structures. To the designed frameworks of arches, arbors, pavilions, etc. Placinous plants are planted, grafted onto different sizes of stems. As the branches grow, they are tied in the right direction.

The result is architectural structures that even in winter will attract attention and delight the eye, given the diverse color of the willow bark.

The following varieties are suitable:

  • goat
  • fragile vesicular (Bullata);
  • Ural winding;
  • Matsuda willow.

Willow in landscaping

The design of park alleys

Willows are planted at intervals of 1.5-2.0 m along both sides of the alleys. In the second year of planting, the branches of the trees are connected by weaving at a height of about 3.0 m. The result is a lovely lace tunnel. If you plant willows in two rows on the sides of the alley and apply the same design method, you can get a hedge.

Willow is a plant that is underestimated in terms of its use in landscape design.

With a set of 15 hybrid trees bred by the Ural scientist Veniamin Shaburov, you can create beautiful garden and park ensembles. Bred specially for the mid-latitudes of Russia, the willow trees of the Sverdlovsk breeding (more correctly called Shaburov hybrid willows), frost-resistant, resistant to diseases and pests, have various forms: weeping, spherical, dwarf, tall - and are ideal for implementing the most daring ideas of a landscape architect.


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