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The vineyard has about 20 species growing in East, Central Asia, North America. This is a woody deciduous liana, rising along the support due to the twisting antennae. Leaflets are simple, 3-5 lobed, whole, cirrus or palmate, on long petioles. The flowers in the vineyard are dioecious, occasionally bisexual, greenish, small, form corymbose inflorescences, fork-branched. Fruits - berries, small, inedible.
The vineyard is not crossbreeding with grapes.
Common types of vineyard
Listed in the Red Book, the aconitol vineyard (A. aconitifolia Bunge) came from Northern China. This creeper is small, very elegant, woody. Will grow up to 3 m. Green leaves of this species are palmate-lobed, deeply dissected, glossy, with a bare top and a hairy bottom on reddish veins. Blades with large rare teeth, petioles long. Young foliage is very effective because of the colorful color: shiny leaves are bright purple or reddish-olive-green. The flowers are small, greenish, form inflorescences loose, bloom for 70 days.
The berries in this species are initially yellow or orange, when ripe - blue, sugary-sweet taste.
Seeds with hermetic packaging retain viability for 4 years.
The first years it grows slowly, then faster, about 3 m growth. Enough winter-hardy culture. In decorative gardening, it is appreciated for mosaic openwork leaves. It is good to use for decorating trellises, awnings, low structures.
Vineyard of Baudinier
This type of vineyard (Ampelopsis bodinieri) - Bodyguin - grows in Central China.
Liana up to 6 m in size, with a fast growth rate. Pretty winter hardy.
Short-flowered vineyard (Ampelopsis brevipedunculata) is also called Ussuri. It grows in nature in China, Primorsky Krai, Korea. This is a ligneous small vine growing up to 7 m. On the stems there is a light gray, sometimes slightly brownish bark. Young shoots of the vineyard are hard-hairy, yellowish-red. The leaves are leathery, usually five- or three-lobed, with sharp indentations between the blades. The foliage is dark green, the lower part of the leaves is slightly lighter. Ussuri vineyard vine leaves wrinkled. Flowers monoecious, dioecious, in thyroid wide panicles.
Flowering in this vineyard begins later than Amur, lasting 60 days. Berries are often bright blue, less often white.
A short-flowered vineyard does not tolerate dry air, heat, it is medium-hardy, therefore it is used for interior or container decoration. Propagated by cuttings, seeds, also layering.
The variety of this vineyard "Elegans" is very decorative - the small leaves of the vine are covered with white and pink spots, and in the fall they turn golden.
The fruit-berries of the vineyard are pale lilac, ripen by the fall and become turquoise.
Variegated vineyard (Ampelopsis heterophylla) is found in southern Sakhalin, Ussuriysk, the Kuril Islands, Japan, northeast China, and Korea. Usually it can be seen in the river valleys.
This vineyard is very interesting due to its beautifully dissected leaves and light blue berries. It looks like a short-flowered vineyard, but its leaves have rounded grooves and the leaves themselves are diverse in shape in one plant. Liana is quite powerful, grows up to 9 m. It is good to use with vertical decorative landscaping.
There is a garden form of this vine - a watermelon vineyard (f. Citrulloides hort.). He has berries of various colors: from blue to pale greenish-purple.
Japanese vineyard (Ampelopsis japonica) grows in addition to Japan in China, in the south of Primorsky Krai, in Korea. This vine is small, usually lying, ground cover, the shoots of the vineyard are flexible, thin, cling to a few simple antennae. When decorating, it is appreciated for long leathery leaves, which are very spectacular. Above they are shiny, the bottom of the foliage is bluish. The leaf blade consists of 5, less often 3 leaves, the outer ones of which are wedge-shaped or trilobate, and in the middle and at the top are cuneiform or cirrus dissected into trilobate parts, and the middle leaf has an intermittently-winged axis. Thanks to such a variety of foliage, the vineyard looks very elegant.
The flowers of the Japanese vineyard are green, a little more than half a centimeter in diameter. Up to 50 flowers are collected in inflorescences. Flowering lasts about 40 days.
When the vineyard ripens, it also looks spectacular because of the pale bluish-purple berries with black dots. Berries look great on the bright background of autumn reddish foliage.
A tree-like vineyard (Ampelopsis arborea) grows in North America.
Sometimes it has a bushy shape. This creeper has double-pinnate leaves, berries are bright, dark purple. This view is indestructible.
Large-leaved vineyard (Ampelopsis megalophylla) can be found in China. This liana is tall, up to 10 m, its berries are bluish-black, stand out beautifully against the background of openwork foliage.
This type of vineyard (Ampelopsis cordata) naturally grows in North America.
It is a high-climbing vine, the leaves of which are whole, and the berries are bluish-green.
Another type of ornamental vineyard is the poplar (Ampelopsis aegirophylla).
It grows in the west of the Pamir-Alai and Afghanistan. The vineyard has the shape of an erect shrub, it has no antennae, the leaves are simple, the berries are black and blue. Very similar to the neighboring species - vineyard vineyard (A. Vitifolia), growing in southern Iran and Afghanistan. We recommend that you familiarize yourself with the material of the interesting plant - the highlander.