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Almost every summer cottage is divided into certain zones - well-lit and shaded. Zone areas in the shade often remain empty and look inorganic, but because we decided that it would be quite relevant to study shade-tolerant plants for summer cottages.
To tell you the truth, almost every second cottage has buildings or mature trees that cast a lot of shadow on a young garden, vegetable garden and flower beds. Partial shade does not scare plants, because they receive their share of solar heat and light during the day in any case. But what to do with areas that are not illuminated by the sun at all or are minimally illuminated? What crops can be planted behind a country house, under an old apple tree or on the side of a new garage for a car? These questions are answered by experts who carried out painstaking work on selecting the necessary information, as well as studying forums and collecting a wide variety of opinions.
Today we will try to describe in detail the zones of plant growth, to choose annual and perennial flowers, shrubs, berry and vegetable crops for shaded areas.
Such formation of zones and the selection of plants for growing in the shade are especially relevant for owners of standard summer cottages of 6-9 acres, where, frankly, there is not enough space, and you just have to plant everything!
Spot shading and plant selection
You should seriously approach the study of the site for planting crops and the time of its shading throughout the daylight hours. Many of us already know the agricultural technology of popular country plants, and therefore it is not difficult to understand that not every one of them will be able to develop normally in complete shade. In such an environment, only certain types of ornamental plants feel normal. For the rest, it will be necessary to choose zones with partial shading, where the sun is at least half a day.
Distribution of shade-tolerant crops in the garden
The problem of the correct distribution of plants in the country is very serious, because in small areas it is very difficult to figure out where and what will grow, how to plant correctly. Particular difficulties are faced by beginners who just bought a cottage and decide where exactly there will be a garden, garden, flower garden.
Often trees are planted along the fence, so as not to occupy the usable area in the country. But here you should choose the right side so that the shade of trees does not occupy large areas of the site. They can be distributed evenly in the country, taking into account the requirement of distances. Thus, it will be possible to form areas with partial shading and leave some areas with the greatest lighting for those plants that prefer a maximum of light.
Summer residents also used to plant shrubs along fences and hedges, but here it is worthwhile to understand that some of them will be in complete shadow from the fence or trees planted earlier. Therefore, the most appropriate solution would be to plant berry or ornamental shrubs closer to the center of the summer cottage, for example, to divide the territory into certain zones.
For flowers and berries, a place can be found everywhere, since we have long studied the technology of vertical gardening and high beds. Besides, there are always such small architectural forms that involve growing flowers on higher ground. You can also consider unique decorative flower beds, special garden sculptures, original pots in the country house and other products, thanks to which the plants are provided with the most correct conditions for growth and development.
Names of shade-loving plants
We are used to seriously confusing these concepts, believing that both plants easily cope with dark areas in the country and endure conditions without sunlight. We recommend differentiating concepts and when buying a particular crop, it is imperative to study agricultural technology, the requirements for choosing a planting location for a plant in the country. Remember, the shadow is stable throughout the day, partial (a certain part of the day due to the movement of the sun) or diffused (sunlight through the branches and foliage of plants with high growth).
What plants to plant in shady areas
Shade and Soil
It should be understood that for the development of plants, not only lighting conditions are necessary, but also certain soils and other conditions. Thus, in the dense shade cast by country houses, dense plantations of bushes or trees, they will feel good stonecrop, shoots, bought, magnificent elecampane, tiara hearty, European hoof.
If you combine these summer cottage areas with well-moistened soil, then you can plant black cohosh, primroses, hellebore, astilbe, dark geranium.
In areas with a scattered shadow, such as under nuts or old apple trees, it is quite possible to plant a spring umbilical, fragrant woodruff, lupins, daylilies. Some medicinal and fragrant plants will also grow there - peppermint, medicinal lemon balm, and others.
You also need to know that not only the soil moisture determines the possibility of the growth of some plants in shading, but also its composition. Thus, in sandstones and sandstones in partial shading, bought, lily of the valley, periwinkle, violet, creeper, and others feel fine in partial shading.
Shrubs that can be planted at partial shade
It is considered interesting that in the shade of the orchard or on the fences of the demarcation of summer cottages, you can often find shrubs that do not feel any negative from the shade. They grow and develop quite normally, without requiring special treatment.
In partial shade rhododendrons grow very well, which, by the way, do not like the sun at all. But it is advisable to plant them in partial shade, scattered shade, under the trees, since the complete absence of the sun seriously affects flowering.
The penumbra is also suitable for hydrangeas, it will not harm the viburnum, elderberry. In the same areas, you can plant ivy, girl's grapes, clematis.
Examples of flowers and ornamental plants in the shade
In this section, we will present a short list of crop names that normally belong to shaded areas, and some are generally ready to live without sunlight.
The largest number of plants that love shade is among perennials. Due to the abundance of species, it is possible to create not single plantings, but entire long-level flower beds that will adorn the shady landscape.
Badan prefers medium and dense shadow. In such conditions, only flowering can suffer, but the incense goes perfectly.
Early flowering daylily prefers partial shade, in a strong shadow, flowering noticeably weakens. Modern daylily varieties are best planted in the sun.
Hosta not only not afraid of the shadow, but simply loves it. The only requirement is moist soil.
Aconite He feels rather well in shaded areas, but like most, he prefers moist soil.
Astilbe hardy, but prefer partial shade or partial shade.
For dicentres partial shade and shade with well-moistened soil is also the best place of existence in the country.
Brunner - A cute and absolutely picky plant that will survive in any shadow. But you should be careful with it, as Brunner grows rapidly.
In the scattered shadow of a young garden blooms beautifully doronicum.
Lily of the valley and cyanosis - almost classic plants for shade and partial shade in the country.
In addition to this list, in different shades they feel great lupine, leotard, fragrant violet, periwinkle, arisema, tiara, chistous majestic, ostrich, primrose and many others.
Start with pansiesBy choosing different varieties of which and planting in shaded places at different periods of the warm season, it is easy to achieve flowering from spring to autumn.
Digitalis - a tall biennial plant that copes well with the lack of sun, but always subject to agricultural technology.
If you need to drop something in complete shadow, remember forget-me-not, which self-sowing will soon create an entire carpet of pretty flowers.
It is quite difficult to choose from annuals, since there are not so many lovers of shaded places here.
Balsam copes with partial shade, but in complete shade suffers from a lack of flowering.
Fragrant tobacco can be planted in diffused sunlight in a young garden.
Begonia ever flowering Suitable for shaded flower beds and single plantings.
Almost all bulbs love sunlight, but there are some exceptions that develop normally with minimal lighting.
Most small-bulb, flowering of which begins in early spring, can grow in the shade of a garden or shrubs. These are crocuses, bluebills, white flowers, snowdrops.
Daffodils are positive for shading, which still bloom brightly and do not change the vertical position of the stem.
All this applies to flowers and decorative cultures, for which now there is no need to look for some special place on a summer cottage. Hosts, ferns, periwinkles - in the shade and partial shade they will easily grow and show the expected result.
What flowers grow in the shade
What vegetables can be grown in the shade
Shade-tolerant vegetables and other garden crops are available, and almost half of them are at the dacha. That is, you will not have any problems with growing food if you find them a small area between shrubs or in the shade of the garden.
In addition, there is always the problem of placing photophilous plants, which daily need to be in the sun for at least 5-7 hours. As an example, we can cite the most popular tomatoes in the country (although there are enough such plants). So, if there is no place for all photophilous plants in the country house, you can always use the materials on our website and arrange high vegetable gardens in several tiers, come up with special designs from pipes or boxes, plant tomatoes in containers and pots, for example, creating in this way a “heavy flower garden ”On the trellis.
If there is enough space for such plants or you have already managed to place them, we still have many plants that can be planted in the shade.
By the way, it is better to approach this issue from the other side - when calculating plantings of light-loving crops, start from shade-tolerant crops and, placing them in suitable places, hammer in the remaining sunny areas with light lovers!
So, vegetables that grow in the shade. With proper agricultural practices, you can expect a good harvest from these crops, even with minimal sunlight. Here is a short list of what you won’t have to look for a place in the country for a long time, - beets and beans, lettuce, cauliflower and broccoli, onions, parsley, garlic and many others.
Garden crops in the shade (according to summer residents)
Regarding the following list ... it is not advisory, but purely conditional, since we chose the opinions of summer residents to speak about the possibility of growing certain garden crops in places with a lack of sunlight. Here are just a few of the most interesting:
- Sorrel and garlic do a great job of completely shading. Sometimes in such areas you can collect a good crop of carrots, but this culture is still better to sometimes be in the sun. In addition, upright beans and peas can also be grown in the shade of trees, often even planting a cucumber;
- In regions with hot summers, tomatoes grow well in partial shade. Of course, they need sunlight, but far from always its surplus benefits the tomatoes. In the shade of a young or even an old garden, you can grow a whole line of green salads;
- Redcurrant grows in the shade of a tall hedge. Lack of sun affects the rate of ripening, but not the quality of the crop. Horseradish grows nearby, a little off, in partial shade - rhubarb, Chinese cabbage, zucchini ... everything gives a normal crop, if looked after.
These opinions are from summer residents from different regions, and therefore it can be noted that, depending on the climate, plants can relate differently to the shade and the sun.
Shadow plot: problem or lucky
Shady plants in the country are always there, and therefore you should not panic, if you have the whole country in the trees, this is even better. Thank you all for your attention to the article and please share your observations on this topic right here in the comment line. We recommend reading the article on how to decorate the garden with moss and lichens.