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The genus Scarlet, or in another way cercidiphyllum, belongs to the family of the same name - Cercidiphyllaceae. This plant is a wonderful park tree, which, unfortunately, is very rarely grown in our latitudes, since the supply of planting material in domestic nurseries is very limited. This is a genus of deciduous trees, which includes 4 species, two of which are currently extinct. They are common in broad-leaved and mixed forests of Knashir Island and in China. The main species of the plant was Japanese bargin, described by F. Siebold. Scarlet gorgeous (majestic), the second species, was previously considered a subspecies of Scarlet Japanese, but now stands out as an independent species. This plant lives in the central part of Honshu Island and is distinguished by larger leaves. But Chinese shrubbery suffered the opposite situation: if earlier it was considered a separate species, now it is recognized only as a subspecies of Japanese shrimp.
Scarlet Japanese - garden decoration
In the homeland, Japanese scarlet are called Katsura. According to an ancient legend, a Chinese monk discovered the secret of eternal youth and, feeling himself immortal and invulnerable, began to commit terrible acts and crimes. For his deeds, he was sentenced to eternal exile on the moon. But during the flight, he fell from a very high height to the top of the Katsura tree, which became a symbol of an unattainable or impracticable dream.
Scarlet is used as a deciduous breed, and its name indicates a bright shade of heart-shaped leaves. The color manifests itself most vividly in the fall, when the plant is colored with yellow and purple colors and really looks great. Very bright carmine-brown shoots and petioles give it special brilliance.
The multi-barreled crown also has a beautiful, elegant shape, which from funnel-shaped over time turns into a thick, wide-cone-shaped, and then into an umbrella-shaped.
Despite its Japanese origin, scarlet is also popular in Europe, where it was imported in 1880. So there were various decorative forms of the plant: Rotfusch, with a narrow funnel-shaped crown and gray, wrinkled foliage; Pendulum with hanging, weeping branches and so on.
An interesting fact is that the trees with different crown shapes also have a smell of fallen leaves, which is very noticeable even at large distances. In it you can recognize notes of cinnamon, honey, vanilla, ripe apples, toffee, burnt sugar. It is not for nothing that scarlet is sometimes called the "candy floss tree."
Growing scarlet in Russia
The Japanese climate is undoubtedly much milder and wetter than in the middle zone of Russia, but the frost resistance of scarlet is estimated at -29 degrees Celsius, which is fully recommended for our climate. Naturally, scarlet grass will not reach such a height as in Japan under 30 or 45 meters, but it turns out to be quite a beautiful small tree or shrub. Instances of the Moscow Botanical Garden reach 7 m in height. In St. Petersburg there is even a magnificent scarlet, which is less hardy.
This plant is very fond of light. But very adapted to partial shade. It grows better on the north side in a sheltered place. It is better to plant scarlet in the spring, so that it can well acclimatize to the onset of cold weather. It is very unpretentious to the soil, sandy loam or slightly acidic loam is well suited. But in its structure, the soil should be light, which allows the root system of the plant to develop easily, since numerous surface roots give the tree good wind resistance. Scarlet is somewhat negatively related to transplantation, this is due to the stem root of the plant. Therefore, when carrying out this, you need to use material that has a closed root system or very young specimens that have bare roots.
Scarlet is very fond of moisture. It is not heat-resistant, during a period of drought it can lose leaves. It takes root very well near ponds, along the banks of rivers, where there is more humid air. But at the same time, the landing site should be well-drained, without high groundwater and excessive air humidity.
Young plants are great for fertilizing with mineral fertilizers, which contain a small amount of nitrogen. The maximum growth is 30 cm per year. Scarlet trees bloom early, so late spring frosts can adversely affect them. But they recover very quickly.
This type of tree can be propagated both by seeds and by cuttings. To obtain seeds, you must have a male and female copy. Seeds for the winter are sown in a box, slightly closing up. The soil should be selected airtight, with a small addition of expanded clay or perlite. For planting in the spring, leaflets with seeds should be stored in a paper bag. Before sowing, they must be stratified in the refrigerator at +5 aboutC. Seeds will sprout in 10-20 days at a temperature reaching + 20-25 aboutC. However, the percentage of germination is very small - about 25.
For cuttings in May, cuttings up to 15 cm long can be used.
Summer cuttings carried out in June or early July, already gives 60% of the yield of rooted plants. Of course, such numbers are more optimistic.
Lignum is the best decoration of the landscape
In landscape design in Russia, crimson will look best in tree-shrub groups, where the plant will be protected from the cold. But at the same time, his crown should be very well surveyed, because the main advantage of scarlet is its bright shoots and foliage. In the urban landscape, gas and smoke resistance, low susceptibility to diseases and pests are excellent factors. In Europe, it is often recommended for landing in buffer zones at car parks. In private gardens, small-sized forms are more popular.