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Amorpha - a bush with a loose wide crown. The bark of the branches is gray or brownish, with spiny bristles. The leaves are complex, arranged next. The plant has very atypical flowers in shape. For starters, they are very small and have only one petal of a dark blue color. The second amazing property is a beautiful flower decoration with bright golden stamens, which is not typical for the legume family to which the plant belongs. And thirdly, amorphous unusual inflorescences. They look like thin spike-like pyramids with a slightly inclined apex. Perhaps, it is precisely due to such unusual properties that the scientist Linnaeus once called the plant that way - "Amorpha", which from Greek translates as "deformed", "ugly", "shapeless". The fruits are in the form of short beans. Seeds are smooth, shiny.
Amorfa shrub: where it grows and where to plant
On the territory of the post-Soviet state, only 9 species of amorphous species are found, and most often, shrubs. Most often, this species is found on the hills, river banks. It has bright green leaves reaching 30 cm in length. The colors have a light vanilla flavor. The beans of the plant are curved, about 7-9 millimeters in length, brown. The Soviet guidelines for gardening and landscape arrangement say that the plant tolerates -18 degrees of frost, and therefore it is best to use it as a decoration only in the south of Russia. However, modern scientists recommend using it for landscaping in Moscow and other megacities, since, in their opinion, this plant is very valuable in view of its gas resistance.
Experimental experiments showed that if the amorphous planted under good drainage conditions, it can easily survive twenty-five degree frosts. More severe colds can somewhat affect the appearance of the flower, causing freezing, but wood damage below the snow level has never been detected.
In Moscow, the plant blooms in 3-4 years for two weeks: from late June to early July.
Residents of the Volgograd, Astrakhan, Samara and Saratov regions will be very pleased with the drought and heat resistance of amorphous. Even saline soils, on which nothing but sucker and tamarix can grow, can conquer and break it. However, such unique plant properties will come in handy in central Russia. After all, the amorphous practically does not need to be watered, it lacks the moisture that ordinary rainfall gives. On the contrary, the plant does not tolerate excess water, this can lead to its loss. At the same time, an amazing plant loves light very much, but reacts very calmly to lateral shading.
Still need special care
Of course, the plant is very unpretentious, and can grow and bloom even in very harsh conditions. But, to make the amorpha look more attractive, blooming and pleasing to the eye, you still have to make a minimum of efforts. To do this, before planting, it would be nice to prepare a pit with a diameter of 60 cm, a depth of 79 cm and fill it with a substrate. Alternatively, such a mixture can be prepared from garden loam, humus and sand in equal proportions. It will be very useful for the plant to add a bucket of wood ash or about 300 g of lime, which should be thoroughly mixed with other "ingredients" of the mixture.
As for care, then amorphous, of course, will be pleasantly periodic watering, weeding, loosening, fertilizing, fertilizing and mulching the trunk circle.
Mulch can be poured into a circle about one meter in diameter, with a layer of 5-7 cm.
Beautiful shape - beautiful haircut
Amorpha is a very beautiful and noticeable plant. Sometimes it is mistaken for acacia, but in this case, the amorpha wins due to its thicker crown, lace grace of foliage and resistance to frost. So using amorphous as a decoration instead of acacia is not such a bad option. In the amorphous garden, it can ennoble the background of the mixborder or become part of the background scenes. Amorpha will be a wonderful option for knocking out the foot of large-shrubby large trees, such as pines or birch trees under which it is very difficult for other plants to survive. Amorpha will feel cozy and comfortable even there, at the same time successfully decorating bare tree trunks.
To make your shrub more attractive will help a haircut, to which amorpha is quite malleable. This will give the plant not only a more noble and decorative look, but also due to a decrease in crown, it will increase frost resistance.
Other uses of amorphous
Once upon a time, American settlers gave the amorpha its name - Shrub Indigo or False Indigo. This is due to the fact that the plant was used to prepare blue dye, which served as a substitute for indigo made from Indigofera tinctoria. However, amorphous coloring pigment is still small, and industrial use of this property is impossible.
The substance gilcosine amorphine is isolated from the seeds, which serves as the basis for the creation of a medicinal product called Fruticin, which is characterized by calming and cardiotonic properties.
How to cut shrubs
The bush is also used in food production: vegetable oil is produced from it, crushed seeds are often used as seasoning. In Hungary, amorpha is used even for making quite good honey.