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People explain the construction of a windmill in a summer cottage by their zeal to cling to culture, to provide the territory with a classic decorative element, or to create an assistant for the household. So far, we are repelled only from decorating the territory, but also not against practicality.
Many years ago, windmills served as special facilities for grinding grain for animal feed, and flour, for baking bread and other bakery products. In addition, they were involved in the woodworking and wood preparation processes. Nowadays, no one uses such structures in this area, since all processes have long been automated and do not require the participation of such buildings. But the appearance of the mills continues to attract us with its grandeur, interesting shape, and practical design. That is why today we decided to talk about windmills in the country, large and small, decorative and built for their own needs, the owners of the cottage.
For what purposes windmills are built
Undoubtedly, today the mill is being built to decorate the landscape, to observe a certain style or to establish harmony on the site in a certain design. It carries ancient greatness, beauty, and even some wisdom, because the conversion of wind power into certain processes was a real breakthrough in human development. Now we are building mills only for decorating the territory, but you can always pursue slightly different goals. For example, the design can be installed on the playground, so that kids have a place for games. But you can also use the mill as a wind generator, if, of course, you seriously took up the independent production of electricity.
At the moment, we do not consider the construction of a windmill in order to reduce costs as an alternative method, for this we will have completely separate material. And here is how to build a decorative plan, inside which a small children's house can be organized - of course!
DIY construction of a mill on a summer cottage
We would like to divide the entire construction process into several stages. This will help our readers to observe the correct sequence of construction, as well as evenly distribute work and time.
Tools and materials
Depending on the choice of the summer resident, the design can be built of wood, plywood, plastic and metal, other combinations of materials. But we decided to build on the classics, which means that for the construction we need a wooden beam, a wooden board, plywood, polyethylene, roofing material.
Do not forget about the materials for the foundation, if any, as well as fasteners and consumables for decorative design.
We chose the simplest tools so that we didn’t have to buy anything - a hacksaw, a hammer, a drill, a plane, a grinder, brushes, buckets and some other little things for a comfortable construction process.
If we build a decorative version of the mill, this does not mean at all that its blades should remain motionless. Therefore, we choose a place not only convenient for the construction and landscape design of the cottage, but also to ensure the functionality of the structure. In addition, it should be built on a flat territory, possibly on a small hill, at a distance from tall trees and the main country buildings.
Preparation of a place for construction
Having determined the site, it should be removed, freed from debris and overgrowth, small bushes and weeds. By and large, we should get a few square meters of a flat and clean area. At such a site it will be possible to begin construction at any time.
We start construction from the base. We decided not to dig holes and not to fill the foundation, but to install the base on several logs or pieces of a solid timber.
Having chosen the dimensions of the sides, and laying the beam or logs, we establish a rectangular frame of wooden timber. We repeat the frame, only with smaller sizes of the sides. He will go to the foundation of the roof. That is, we completely repeat the shape, but reduce the size by about 1.5 times, so that at the end of the installation to get a trapezoidal design.
We connect two frames with vertical racks, which we will have at a certain angle, directly dependent on the height of the racks.
Racks are installed on the lower frame, fixed and connected to the upper frame for the roof. Thus, we get the finished skeleton under the mill.
The casing of the windmill frame at the dacha takes into account the openings for windows and doors, roof installation sites and mill blades. Be sure to provide for reinforcement in the places of installation of the openings, as well as install reinforced beams or a wooden beam for installing the blades.
The sheathing itself takes place with a wooden board, and then with dense plywood, which will make the inside of the structure more airtight and give the appearance a natural and colorful charm.
We plank the board with nails, installing materials on the skeleton of the frame. Closer to the upper part, you can switch to plywood sheathing, but not from the side of the structure where the blades will be.
The roof can be flat, at a minimum angle for the flow of water, or gable, classic. We prefer to pay more attention to appearance, and therefore offer to spend several hours more, but get a good result.
The simplest frame for the roof, lathing and logs made of timber and battens, stretch roofing material and plywood flooring or a special roof on top.
Upon completion of the installation of the roof, you will receive a ready-made box, which will require only minor modifications.
Create the blades
The blades are the most important point, because they are the main part of any mill. But do not be too smart, because our option is just a decorative craft for the design of the exterior of a summer cottage. But this does not mean that it will be enough to bring down the boards and attach them to the facade. It is worth considering the size, width of the blades, their weight and the angle of inclination from the axis, due to which they will take on the wind flow and impart rotational movements.
We recommend that you consider creating blades from the following materials:
- From a wooden lath and plywood - light and practical blades:
- From a wooden bar and dense polyethylene oilcloth;
- Standard wooden from a thin lath, which are fixed and fixed on the axis of rotation of the blades.
Be sure to consider the size of the blades and their mass, since the blades should not abut against the ground, as well as outweigh the overall structure, put pressure on the axis and thereby take away the strength of the mill. Ideally, the total weight of the blades should not exceed several kilograms, and more accurately, do not exceed 10% of the weight of the entire structure.
Now install the axis in the reinforced beams inside the mill, which we spoke about earlier, and put on the blades, carefully fixing them.
All our finishing is to protect the wood from atmospheric phenomena, for which drying oil and varnish are most often used. Also, it will be necessary to equip the windows and doors of the mill, make a table for children and small chairs inside. You can arrange a wooden flooring to provide maximum protection from the cold.
Dimensions of the structure
We reserve the right to determine the dimensions of the sides, the height and other parameters of the windmill at the cottage just for you, since only the summer resident is entitled to determine which decorative design will be installed in the garden or on the lawn. Today, there are cases of the construction of mills in human height and several floors, which allows you to equip the interior. But you can always minimize costs and build a compact structure, say, in half human growth. Of course, then there will be no room for games and fun for children inside, but the design will be very neat and harmonious.
We gave an example of an average mill, the approximate parameters of which are as follows:
- The width of the sides of the structure (the length of each part of the lower frame) is about 1.5 m;
- The height of the racks of the frame (the distance between the ground and the logs of the roof) - no more than 2 m;
- Dimensions of the upper frame (length of the sides) - no more than 1-1.2 m.
The size and type of roof is already selected for the finished building and its own requirements. In addition, during the preparation of the work plan, many parameters can change - dimensions, materials, types of fastening parts, material for creating blades and roofing, etc.
Decorative windmill in the country (video)
As you can see, there’s nothing complicated, especially if you rely on existing knowledge and experience (rabbitry, outdoor shower, toilet, sheds, awnings and arbors - all this we have already built in the country). One has only to follow the plan and worry about the reliability and safety of the future design, and you will surely get a wonderful windmill, about which Don Quixote himself could dream of “battles”!