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Oxalis or oxalis (Óxalis) belongs to the genus of annual or perennial herbs, and sometimes semi-shrubs from the Oxalidaceae family. The plant is a mesophyte and needs enough water. Among other things, sour acid is a very shade-tolerant plant, which makes it easier to grow crops in the garden and at home.
The plant is characterized by the presence of creeping and pineal rhizomes. Leaves of the next type, ternate or palmate, equipped with petioles. Foliage is folded and lowered in the evening and as a result of mechanical stress or exposure to too bright lighting.
Oxalis leaves are green, burgundy or purple. The flowers are regular in shape, with whitish, pink or yellow petals. Five-ovary ovaries. The flower closes at night and in bad weather. Fruits are presented in boxes that have drop-down sashes. Seeds are covered with a rather fleshy and thick shell.
Superstition and Signs
The signs and superstitions associated with sourness indicate that this plant is not just an element of decor, but also a kind of room amulet that brings good luck to residents, which is why oxalis and hibiscus are very popular in indoor floriculture. This flower of love and happiness looks like a giant clover, and the four-leaf sour acid promises luck and business success to its owner. The bloom of acidity is multiple. Charming small flowers have pink, yellow or white color. According to domestic amateur gardeners, oxalis also helps to solve problems in personal life.
Kislitsa: how to care
Proper planting is a mandatory procedure on which the further growth, development and flowering of a plant depends. For growing, you will need a flower pot of standard sizes, high-quality drainage and a special soil mixture, which must be fertile with a high level of acidity.
At the bottom of the flower pot, it is imperative to lay a layer of drainage from expanded clay, crushed brick battle or pebbles. The average thickness of the drainage layer should fluctuate within 3-5 centimeters. After planting, oxalis needs to be watered abundantly and set in a well-lit place, best on a southwest or southeast window.
Plant care consists of the following activities:
- in summer, the temperature in the room for growing Oxalis should be in the range of 22-25aboutFROM;
- in winter, in the resting phase of Oxalis, it is necessary to adhere to temperature indicators in the range of 16-18aboutFROM;
- irrigation measures should be regular and plentiful in the spring-summer period, and in autumn, the flower should be prepared for the dormant stage, reducing watering;
- In the period from the beginning of April to the last decade of August, it is necessary to feed indoor decorative acidic a couple of times a month through complex organic and mineral fertilizers for flowering plants;
- replant the acid if necessary, if the flower pot has become too small and cramped.
Thus, for the cultivation of acid in indoor floriculture, proper lighting, optimal temperature conditions and humidity comfortable for Oxalis are necessary, as well as regular watering, periodic top dressing and timely transplanting.
The genus Oxalis includes almost eight hundred species of plants from the family of acidthat naturally grow in South Africa, South and Central America and Central Europe.
|Poor or pressed sour (OxalisinopsEcklonetZeyh)||Bulbs of small size. Ternate leaves located on fairly thin petioles||Large sizes, dark pink color with a yellowish center|
|Bowie Sour (Oxalis bowiei Herb.)||Light green stain, leathery leaves located on relatively high shoots||Dark pink, medium size|
|Volcanic acid (Oxalis vulcanicola Klee)||The shoots are covered with green, slightly brownish leaves, formed into a lush curtain.||A large number of small, yellow stains, flowers are formed|
|Giant Sour (Oxalis gigantea Barneoud)||Straight shoots with drooping branches and oval three-lobed leaves||Presented by petals of attractive yellow staining|
|Nine Leaf Sour (Oxalis enneaphylla Cav.)||Plant with petiole long-lobed, silver-grayish-green foliage||Consist of whitish or pinkish petals|
|Depp Kislitsa (Oxalis deppei Lodd)||Possesses nutritious edible tubers and converse foliage||Umbrellas, raspberry or red, with a yellowish base|
|Glandular Oxalis (Oxalis adenophylla)||Foliage palmate, corrugated type, light green staining||Relatively large, pinkish staining|
|Variety "Versicolor" or Versicolor||With bright green oblong leaflets||In a half-open state, they look like red-white stained sweets.|
|Variety Iron Cross||Leaves are green with purple cross-shaped spots.||Pinkish-red, decorative, bell-shaped, on thin, relatively long peduncles|
|Golden cape variety or golden cape||Graceful, pale green, medium-sized leaves||When fully open, the flower is red outside and white inside|
Varieties of oxalis anomala (Oxalis anomala), segmented acid (Oxalis articulata), succulent (Oxalis succulenta) with bronze-green leaves and var. Minutifolia.
How to transplant acid
Depending on the species characteristics and features, indoor acidity can be propagated in different ways:
- Oxalis propagation by seed method in indoor floriculture is practiced;
- tubers and bulbs that form around the stem root of Oxalis need to be separated and planted in an individual flower pot;
- Propagation of Oxalis by cuttings is carried out by cutting the cuttings and placing them in water, where small roots appear in two to three weeks;
It is necessary to transplant rooted cuttings after the formation of shoots into a nutritious soil mixture, providing plants with optimal, comfortable conditions.
Why do leaves wither and dry
The aerial part of the plant will wither, and the leaves will dry as a result of improper care of a room crop:
- excessive moisture causes damage to the plant with gray rot or fusarium infection, the fight with which is carried out by the drug "Fundazol";
- sour leaves do not open as a result of drying of the soil layer and with excessive air dryness;
- the aboveground part of the acidic fades with excessive moisture and severe depletion of the soil in a flower pot;
- sour leaves with too dry air and high temperature.
Oxalis is sufficiently resistant to plant parasites and diseases., but weakened plants can be damaged by spider red mites, as well as aphids or scale insects. Spider mites are eliminated by treating the plant with Actellic. To kill aphids, room acid is sprayed with soap and water, and the scutellum can be removed by mechanical removal, followed by treatment with Aktara.
Use in garden decor
Due to the presence of multi-colored very decorative foliage and flowers, as well as a variety of sizes and shapes, the use of acid in landscape decoration is very popular and in demand. The plant can be grown in hanging and floor flowerpots on terraces or verandas. It is allowed to use oxalis in joint plantings with any ornamental plants in mixborders, where Oxalis is planted as the first tier. Species that grow rapidly and form curtains can be planted to decorate alpine hills and rockeries.
The decorative culture of Oxalis is shade-tolerant, and therefore very suitable for cultivation in shady areas represented by trees and shrubs. Kislitsa is in great demand as rather unpretentious groundcover plants forming highly decorative green or red "pillows" that effectively cover garden soil with their aboveground part. Among other things, edible varieties of Oxalis are used in the preparation of certain dishes, as well as for therapeutic or prophylactic purposes.